1

Technology has progressed vastly over the past few years. It
has affected and had a massive influence on the education industry. It is
important to move with technology and keep up-to-date with its changes in order
to stay current for the learner’s best opportunity of assessment.

Technology has provided assessment with many advantages and
has contributed to so many assessment changes.

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One contribution technology has had to assessment is
communication. Communication between assessor and learner is much more
accessible now using modern technology. It is very cheap and easy to
communicate with learners now with access to email, skype, texting and so on.
This is very useful for learners as they do not need to wait until their next
visit with the assessor to ask any important questions. This is helpful with
their progression as they can consistently learn and continue providing
evidence. With lack of communication, the learner can come across a problem,
have little access to help from their assessor and it may put a pause on their
learner as they cannot continue without help until they next meet with the
assessor. Whereas they can comply one quick email or phone call and their
problem is solved, allowing them to continue with their work at ease.

Sometimes there can be issues with communication via
technology. The internet may not always be accessible for the assessor or
learner and sometimes devices can suffer from technical problems, making
communication difficult. This is generally rare and the benefit to communication
is much greater than its weaknesses.

Another contribution technology has made to assessment is
giving the learner an opportunity of providing an E-portfolio. An E-portfolio
can allow the assessor access to the learner’s work at any time. This is good
for formative assessment as the assessor can view the E-portfolio as the
learner goes along and give feedback on their work without organising a visit.
This makes marking evidence very quick and easy. An E-portfolio can also give
people from all over the world the opportunity to learn as long as they have
internet access. This gives learner’s equal opportunities and no discrimination
to other countries. Internal and external modifiers can also access
E-portfolios easily, without having to travel to training centres.

The initial cost of online work and E-portfolios can be
expensive with the purchase of devices and installing internet access. However,
in the long run, the lack of cost in communicating with assessors and
submitting evidence, also the benefit from submitting work without arranging
meetings and taking up time definitely outweighs the initial cost.

Observations and online testing has been massively
influenced by technology. Technology has contributed to this because with
online testing, everything can be done with minimum supervision and minimum
labour. This is because exam papers do not have to be printed, invigilators are
not required and exam venues may not be necessary. Online observations can also
be conducted via video or skype, making this time and cost effective as
assessors do not have to travel to the learner’s workplace to make
observations. Oral questions and answers can also be conducted via video or
phone call, another time and cost-effective approach to assessment.

Better evidence may also be gathered using video, as the
learner will feel less pressure than if an assessor was to sit and watch them
work. The learner can forget about the video and go about their work as normal,
providing more valid evidence as it is truer to life.

Also, if a learner struggles with hand writing, using a
computer to submit evidence will be much better suited as they can more at ease
with typing or using an online testing system. This also works with oral
questions and answers recorded or conducted by phone call.

Recording evidence using a smart phone makes it is easy for
the assessor to capture evidence that could be missed if the assessor is
observing as well as jotting down notes of their observations. Record keeping
can also be improved and completed successfully using online templates. This is
positive for meeting legal requirements, making the company’s compliance to
legal issues a success.

There sometimes can be issues with saving work using
technology. If the technology is suffering from a virus or technical issue,
then evidence may be lost or not saved adequately. However, with back up
systems and the use of USB sticks for saving work, this problem can easily be
avoided.

To summarise, technology has contributed to assessment in
great deal with lots of positive outcomes. The many positives outweigh the very
few negatives. The time and cost of assessment has been greatly reduced. There
is also no risk of lost paper evidence by going paperless, using online testing
and E-portfolios to store work. There is also a benefit to the environment;
using less paper.

It is also easier to capture evidence with technology, with
video evidence of the learner’s skills and performance. Also, the recording or
oral evidence and computer-based, online testing. 

Physiology 1.2 test

Compared to an artery, the wall of a vein differs in which of the following ways: A)it contains smooth muscle B)it consists of three layers C)the middle layer is thin D)the outer layer is composed largely of collagen fibers E)it is lined by a thin layer of endothelium
C
A decrease in venous return to the heart causes: A)a decrease in stroke volume and a decrease in cardiac output B)a decrease in stroke volume and an increase in cardiac output C)an increase in stroke volume and an increase in cardiac output D)an increase in stroke volume and a decrease in cardiac output E)no change in stroke volume and no change in cardiac output
A
Which is the correct sequence going from the outermost to the innermost layer of a blood vessel wall: A)tunica media, tunica intima, tunica externa B)tunica media, tunica externa, tunica intima C)tunica externa, tunica media, tunica intima D)tunica externa, tunica intima, tunica media E)tunica intima, tunica media, tunica externa
C
The carotid artery is located in the: A)axilla B)groin C)neck D)abdomen E)leg
C
The renal veins empty blood into the: A)kidneys B)common iliac vein C)inferior vena cava D)hepatic portal vein E)vertebral vein
C
The umbilical vein carries: A)metabolic wastes and carbon dioxide from the fetus to the placenta B)metabolic wastes and carbon dioxide from the placenta to the fetus C)oxygen and foods from the fetus to the placenta D)oxygen and foods from the placenta to the fetus E)blood from the navel into the inferior vena cava
D
In which of the following blood vessels is the blood pressure the highest: A)veins B)capillaries C)vena cava D)arteries E)arterioles
D
Peripheral resistance is increased by: A)dilation of a blood vessel B)atherosclerosis C)a decrease in blood viscosity D)an increase in blood pressure E)an increase in heart rate
B
Vasoconstriction occurs as a result of: A)an increase in parasympathetic nervous system firing B)a decrease in parasympathetic nervous system firing C)an increase in sympathetic nervous system firing D)a decrease in sympathetic nervous system firing E)an increase in blood pressure
C
Which of the following is the function of renin and aldosterone: A)they are produced whenever blood pressure rises and ultimately cause an increase in blood volume and blood pressure B)they are produced whenever blood pressure rises and ultimately cause a decrease in blood volume and blood pressure C)they are produced when blood pressure rises and have no long-term effect on blood volume and blood pressure D)they are produced whenever blood pressure falls and ultimately cause an increase in blood volume and blood pressure E)they are produced whenever blood pressure falls and ultimately cause a decrease in blood volume and blood pressure
D
Substances tend to leave the bloodstream at the arterial end of the capillary because: A)the osmotic pressure of the blood is higher at the arterial end of the capillary B)the osmotic pressure of the blood is higher at the venous end of the capillary C)blood pressure is higher at the arterial end of the capillary D)blood pressure is higher at the venous end of the capillary E)interstitial pressure is higher at the arterial end of the capillary
C
Varicose veins are caused by: A)a loss of elasticity in blood vessels B)the accumulation of fatty substances in blood vessels C)excessive production of the enzyme renin D)incompetent valves E)orthostatic hypotension
D
The heart is enclosed by a double sac of serous membrane known as the peritoneum.
F
The pulmonary arteries carry deoxygenated blood to the lungs.
T
The aorta is the largest artery within the pulmonary circulation.
F
Arteries always carry blood away from the heart.
T
The part of the intrinsic conduction system of the heart that directly supplies the walls of the ventricles is the Purkinje fibers.
T
The pacemaker of the heart is called the sinoatrial (SA) node.
T
Systole means contraction of heart muscle.
T
Low venous return decreases stroke volume and cardiac output.
T
An increase in parasympathetic nervous system firing causes cardiac output to increase.
F
The smooth muscle in a blood vessel wall is found in the tunica media.
T
Abnormal or unusual heart sounds are called angina.
F
The foramen ovale and the ductus venosus shunt blood away from the nonfunctional and collapsed fetal lungs.
F
An increase in blood vessel diameter causes blood pressure to decrease.
T
x

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