Firstoff, Frankenstein over time has beenone of the most criticized and one of the most profound horror stories everwritten.
It is also often times one of the most confused stories as wellbecause people always mix up the fact that the man who created this monster isDr. Frankenstein, the monster is not Frankenstein,but that is neither here nor there. What I want to look at in the essay is Frankenstein a theoretical lense. First,I want to take a psychoanalytical approach and really try and figure out whatin fact is going on in the mind of Dr. Frankenstein and take a deeper look atwhy in fact did he create this monster? Was it to further his knowledge? Was itjust out of the wanting to be known for something, and not just anything butsomething that was huge, especially for the time period in which this waswritten. All of this and more will be discussed throughout. First, I think a little bit of a summary ofthe story would do some good just to help set the stage.
The story begins with Robert Walton, a captain of a boat,who is hanging out in St. Petersburg, Russia. Where he is awaiting a ride toport of Archangel, where he’s going to hire some Russians to go sailing off tothe North Pole. The boat gets stuck on ice, mile and miles from land. Withnothing to do, Walton writes letters to his sister who is living back inEngland.
Walton seems to have one main complaint, repeatedly, and that is hewants a male friend to keep him company. Soon, Walton’s attention is thenturned the sight of a man who is on the ice. The man hops up onto the ship.Walton’s wish for a friend has come true and his name is Victor. He started outlike any kid who was in Geneva at the time. He stayed with his parents whoactually adopted a girl named Elizabeth for him to marry when he was older. Notweird at all, right? While he was in college, he decided to study naturalphilosophy and chemistry.
In just what seemed to take only two years, hefigures out how to bring a body made of human corpse pieces to life. When infact he carries through with what he had learned, he ended up creating themonster, he becomes horrified by his own creation and become ill for a fewmonths after the fact, and has his friend Henry Clerval nurses him back tohealth. A little while after, back in Geneva, Victor’s younger brother ends upbeing murdered. By who? Nobody knows quite yet, but the family servant, in factis accused of killing him. Victor comes to the possible explanation that his monsteris the real killer. Thinking that no one would believe the “my monster didit” statement because just think how outlandish that would in fact sound.
Victor is so afraid to even say anything aboutthis. So much so that he doesn’t even say a word about it when the servantbecomes executed. Going through some internal greif, he goes on a trip to theSwiss Alps. Somehow, someway, he runs into the monster, who confesses to the crimeof murdering his brother and tells Victor this story. When the monster fledfrom the doctor, he found himself alone and hideous. No one accepted him exceptfor one old blind man.
He hoped that the blind man’s family of cottagers wouldgive him compassion, but they too drove him away and were terrified of him.When he ran across his brother he killed the boy out of revenge. In short, he’s ticked off that his maker created him to be alone andmiserable, and so would Frankenstein please make him a female companion. Aftermuch persuading, he agrees to do so. Just before he finishes, he destroys thesecond monster because of the fact that he’s afraid that the two will bringdestruction to humanity rather than love each other harmlessly because of whatthe first monster has created. The monster sees him do this and swears revengeon him once again. When Victor lands on a shore among Irish people, they accusehim of murdering Henry, who has been found dead. He’s acquitted, but not beforeanother long illness.
Victor returns to Geneva and is planning on marrying Elizabeth,but he’s a little worried because of the fact that the monster has sworn to bewith him on his wedding night. Victor thinks the monster is threatening him,but the night he and Elizabeth are married, the monster kills the brideinstead. Alone and looking for his revenge bent on revenge, Victor chases themonster over all imaginable terrain until he is ragged and near death. In fact,there is no distinction how you can really tell the two of them apart anymoreexcept that the monster is taller and uglier. Walton discovers the monstercrying over Victor’s dead body. We’re not sure if he’s crying because he’s sador because, as he says, really he has nothing to live for anymore but eitherway, he heads off into the Arctic to die alone.