After seeing the influences of the Church and Soviet Regime on Polishsociety, it could not be overly difficult to estimate how the Polish politicsfunction for lesbian, gay, bisexual and trans (LGBT) people or in general thepeople who are not fitting into Church’s definition of a good Catholic.Paradowski (2009) states that the first contemporary constitutions started toemerge and have nowadays meaning of constitutions in the eighteenth century andthe first constitution of Poland has been written by Enlightenment circles,however, extremely conservative and religious Catholic groups from the CatholicChurch have succeeded to be part of the foundation of the Polish constitutionin 1791.
Thus, the first constitution of Poland has been constructed by thename of the God and around the traditional Christian values and norms. Theinfluence of the Catholic Church could be found even the latest Constitution ofthe Republic of Poland which is established on the second of April 1997 and theArticle 18 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland states; “Marriage,being a union of a man and a woman, as well as the family, motherhood, andparenthood, shall be placed under the protection and care of the Republic ofPoland” (sejm.gov.pl 2017). In other words, the Church has played particularlya strong role in creating the first modern Polish Constitution and seeminglycontinued its power over the Polish public and politics over the centuries andall these constitutions were combine products of the main Polish Politicalthoughts, traditions, and needs of the Republic of Poland in general (Wagner,1953).The new constitution of the Republic of Poland is one of the sevenmember states of the European Union to prohibit gay marriage as well as doesnot allow civil partnership between homosexual partners (Polish president rulesout gay marriage, 2017), which has been clearly defined in the Article 18 ofthe Constitution of Poland saying that marriage could only happen between a manand a woman. The unaccepting atmosphere towards to LGBT individuals could alsobe seen on the political scene of the Republic of Poland as well as society(Jartys, 2015). This unaccepting and no welcome political approach could beseen with numerous anti-homosexual statements which have been made by severalpoliticians.
For instance; even though the Article 32 of the Constitution ofthe Republic of Poland ensure that “No one shall be discriminated against inpolitical, social or economic life for any reason whatsoever” (sejm.gov.pl2017), when negotiations on Poland’s accession to the European Union, a womanpresenter, Ewa Haczyk has given this speech; “No citizen of the Union may be discriminatedagainst because of sexual orientation, religious beliefs, etc. That’s onething. Homosexuals are another matter, and this is regulated by nationallegislation. Their position within the Polish society will, therefore, dependon our legislators.
So, no-one is going to force it upon us how we should treatthem” (Jartys, 2015 p:11). This hateful statement from a spokeswoman from the government of theRepublic of Poland has shown that political parties of the Republic of Polandhave seen homosexuality as an alien mechanism, as well as Polish society, whichis not considered with Polish nationality but a western value. In addition tothat it is not genuinely surprising that the ruling party of the Republic ofPoland which is Law and Justice Party that has come into power in 2015 bysupporting traditional Polish values, Polish identity, classic family of Polandthat is considered a union between a man and a woman, as well as Catholictraditions (Polish president rules out gay marriage, 2017).Since politicians of theRepublic of Poland seen homosexual rights as a national issue and no otherexternal power, including the European Union, could force Poland to do specificimprovements on LGBT rights rather than national legislators of Poland itselfhave made impossible to legalize gay marriage or civil partnership without changingthe present Constitution of the Republic of Poland (Downing & Gillett,2011). However, there have been two political attempts to change theConstitution of Poland to create an equal atmosphere between citizens of Polandno matter what their sexual orientations are.
The first attempt has been madein 2002 and it was a proposal of same-sex marriage which has been proposed byboth homosexual and heterosexual couples, and the second one was a civilpartnership proposal which is submitted in 2003 in order to have an alternativeto gay marriage, yet, both of them have faced with countless intolerantcomments and criticisms from conservative parties, politicians as well asCatholic Church authorities (Downing & Gillett, 2011). Polish politicalapproach to LGBT rights and individuals reflects fanatic and nationalist stylewhich is the result of seeing LGBT community as an alien mechanism and also notaccepting those identities with the identity of Polish because of the fact thatPolish national identity based on patriotism and the Catholic religion(Chojnicka, 2015).