Parotid salivary gland: It is located by the pharynx and on the cheek. I will remember this because the parotid salivary gland has the key word saliva which is in the mouth. Pharynx: Located in the neck; and, I will remember where the pharynx is located because it starts with the letter P which is right across from the parotid salivary gland on the picture. Esophagus: Located in the middle of the body and it is a long tube. I will remember where the esophagus is located because it connects the mouth to the stomach. Stomach: It is located between the esophagus and the pancreas.
I will remember where the stomach is located because it is right above the Pancreas and it is shaped like a bean. Pancreas: Located underneath the stomach and I will remember this because it’s smaller than the stomach and it is above the transverse colon. Transverse colon: Located around the stomach and it is very close to the liver. I will remember where this is located because it is the biggest digestive part that is on the picture. Descending colon: It is located on the left side of the body, after the transverse colon and I will remember this because it is right underneath the transverse colon.
Rectum: The rectum is located right above the anal canal and this will be easy to remember because they are located right across from each other on the picture. Appendix: Located on the lower right side of the stomach, below the rectum. I will remember where it is located because it also looks like a small tube. Liver: The liver is located right by the pancreas and it is very easy to remember because it is so large. Gallbladder: It is located right underneath the liver and I will be able to remember where it is located very easily because it is very small.
Small intestine: Located in the lower abdomen and the way I will remember where the small intestine is located is because the transverse and descending colon are around it. Ascending colon: Located by the small intestine, and this will be easy to remember because they are very close to each other. Anal canal: The anal canal is located by the appendix as well as the rectum and I will remember where it is located because it looks like it is located on a tube. Part 3: Mouth – Propulsion, chemical digestion, and mechanical digestion Small intestine – Propulsion, absorption, chemical digestion, and mechanical digestion Esophagus – Propulsion
Stomach – Propulsion, absorption, chemical digestion, and mechanical digestion Large intestine – Propulsion, absorption, chemical digestion Part 4: Propulsion: It is the movement of food through the GI tract. The process begins when food is swallowed and then it passes from the mouth to the pharynx, or the throat. Then, the peristalsis takes over and the muscles in the walls of the esophagus, stomach, and intestines push food from one organ to the next. Absorption: It is how the digested nutrients pass from the GI tract into the bloodstream.
They are transported to cells throughout the entire human body. Chemical digestion: The chemical digestion breaks food down into chemical constituents and they are absorbed through the walls of the GI tract. Then, the breakdown is brought with the help of enzymes by the glands along the GI tract. Mechanical digestion: The food is physically broken into smaller pieces which are easier to digest. The teeth chew the food, the tongue mixes the food with saliva which makes it soft, and then the stomach and intestines mix the food.
Nutrition, Health, and Wellness: An Applied Approach, Edited by Abour H. Cherif, Dianne M. Jedlicka, Sujata Verma, Robert D. Aron, and Bashar W. Hanna. Published by Pearson Custom Publishing. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc.