In politics, there are two prominentideological views that help construct society. The first ideology isconservatism, which views society as a creation of slow evolutionarydevelopment, and prefers less intervention by the state. The second ideology isliberalism, views society as a more optimistic sense of human nature and prefersmore of an involved role of government within the state and society. I thereby addressthe question: “Examine the advantages and disadvantages of adopting two of the politicalideologies (e.g.
conservatism or liberalism). Which one should be more widelyapplied in Canada and why?”, and argue that through the examination of theadvantages and disadvantages of the conservatives and liberals view of theeconomy, environment, and healthcare, it will become apparent that liberalismshould be more widely applied in Canada. Firstly,the conservative’s government view of the economy is able to exemplify manyadvantages in Canada’s economic market.
To begin, the conservative party mainlysupports the free market, which has a view for less government intervention andcan support higher economic growth, better jobs, and a high standard of livingfor Canadian citizens (Harper, 2015). For example,conservative party leader Andrew Scheer views himself as “a free marketenthusiast” who can help add value to the economy and help small businesses (Stone, 2017). Further, the free market is beneficial becausethere are no attempts to interfere with the supply or price of a product,leading to no loss of economic knowledge (Scruton, 2014). Therefore, it is important forCanadians to realize how the conservative parties view of the free market andlowering taxes is able to help small businesses and families grow within theCanadian economy. Theconservative party’s economic policies, however, exemplify disadvantages. Sincethe conservatives mainly prefer a free market economy, this can lead to fewer regulationsfor the Canadian market, which can end up potentially providing a less stable economy.Further, the conservatives view of the market can also potentially put theneeds of the company beyond the needs of the consumers, as there are no limitationsacting in a free market (Free Market, 2017).
This may not be a good thing forCanadian citizens as the free market can lead to economic domination and amonopoly of power, with companies setting higher prices to consumers whichcould then lead to greater inequality within society. Therefore, theconservatives economic plan provides less regulation, and potentially, a lessstable market for Canadian citizens.Theliberal parties economic plan, however, show advantages for the Canadianmarket.
Firstly, modern liberals use resources from the state to help promote equalityfor one another, as they have shown favour in the notion of universaleducation, universal welfare, and social and economic planning (Koerner, 1985). Further, theliberals think that a controlled market with more government involvement willhelp create more jobs for people and equal opportunities (Trudeau, 2017). This can be a good for Canadians as acontrolled market can help promote a more stable economy moving the state to playan active role in contributing to economic development (Karagiannis, 2001).
Moreover, the liberals prefer to raisetaxes on the one percent and lower taxes for the middle class, which can be beneficialfor Canadians as it helps promote social equality for the economy. Theliberals view of the economy, however, also shows drawbacks. A criticism oftheir view is that there may be too much government in the economy and lesscompetition could lead to less efficiency for businesses (Prager, 2015). The free market view that the conservativeparty has may be more efficient, as the customers determine the price point ofthe product. The controlled market may have too many governmental restrictions,with the government holding a monopoly over economic goods. Further, the numberof goods being produced may not be balanced, as one item may be mass produced (Free Market, 2017). Therefore, the liberalparties view of the economy shows some disadvantages, their view does helppromote equality which may be better in the long term.
Secondly,the conservatives view of environmental policies shows advantages forCanadians. The conservatives believe that policies such as carbon tax is anegative idea and that government interference may not be good for the jobmarket (Harper, 2015) . For example, inCanada, the conservatives support developing the Alberta oil sands which couldhelp bring crude oil to the market and develop the economy (Harper, 2015).
The conservatives tend to take a less progressiveapproach than the liberals when dealing with the environmental challenges.However, that can be a good thing for jobs and taxpayers. For example, in 2006Greenhouse gas emissions were 740 megatons, and by 2013 they dropped to 726megatons which was done without raising taxes (Basen, 2015).
Therefore, the conservatives are able to deal with environmental challenges,all while regulating jobs for Canadians. Theconservative’s environmental policies, however, do show weaknesses. Theconservatives may be too mild with their regulations and against extremeenvironmental policies. This could be a disadvantage as today one may need extremepolicies to help combat climate change. For example, the majority ofconservatives prefer not to intervene in the environment, as it makes for lessinvolvement for them within the economy because regulating greenhouse gases couldbe bad for corporations (Mcelwee, 2014).
Therefore, conservatives may need strongerenvironmental policies to help regulate issues such as climate change in theCanadian environment. Incontrast, the liberal parties view on environmental policies show advantagesfor Canada. Trudeau stated that you are not able to build a strong economywithout protecting the environment, which is why the liberals have a plan, forexample, to restore $25 million in funding to Parks Canada (Dyck & Woo, 2017).
Further, theliberal’s put out a plan for a national carbon tax, which is crucial for cleanenergy and helping the environment (Lunn & McDiarmid, 2017). Therefore, theliberals want to protect communities from the growing issue of climate changeand help make new investments in better infrastructure leading to a more efficientenvironment (Trudeau, 2017). Onecriticism of the liberal party’s view on the environment, however, is that manyprovinces tend to be opposed to paying a tax on carbon. Also, Trudeau made astatement about phasing out the oil sands to help better manage dependence offof fossil fuels (Muzyka, 2017). Consequently, this could end up beingbad for the economy of Canada, as the oil sands are one of the biggest economicproviders for jobs and money in Canada and its citizens.
Therefore, the liberal’senvironmental policies may be strict, but also better in the long term forprotection of the environment. Thirdly,the conservatives view on health care in Canada is able to demonstrate advantagesfor Canada. The conservatives view is to privatize health care which could endup leading to faster treatment for patients and less wait times (Reith, 2017). Privatizationoffers quicker service and also more continuous care as opposed to universalhealth care. Also, too much government debt and the growing and aging of Canada’spopulation have posed criticisms to the publicly funded health care system (Dirnfield, 1996). Therefore, aprivatized system that is regulated by insurance coverage would be able to makethe system affordable for all citizens providing better health care reform. Incontrast, the conservatives view on health care also shows many disadvantagesfor Canadians.
The private healthcare system has been said to “Americanize” theCanadian health care system. If the private system took place in Canada it couldlead to Canadian citizens being uninsured with the lower and middle class beingneglected, as the private system may be better set up for the wealthy as theycan afford better care (Trudeau 2017). Further, Canadians in a recent pollshowed that they prefer a system based on their needs opposed to money (Martin & Dhalla, 2017).
Therefore, theconservative view on health care may not be suitable for Canadians, as universalcare leads to better equality and less division between classes. Theliberals view on health care, however, shows a vast amount of benefits toCanadians as they prefer publicly funded healthcare because it can result in bettereconomic security for the middle class (Trudeau, 2017). The liberal partyhas stated that they will put in $3 billion over 4 years to deliver better homehealth care, and also promised to improve mental health services for Canada’spopulation. Further, universal health care provides access for everyone as it ispaid through citizens taxes, leaving no one left out due to financial issues (Health care in Canada , 2017). Therefore, it isimportant everyone gets the treatment they require and have financialprotection so nobody is left out because of financial issues.
Incontrast, the liberal party does show some disadvantages with the universalhealth care system. A criticism of the liberal’s view is that universal healthcare has the chance of increasing government debt because of an increase intaxes to pay for the healthcare system (Esmail, 2013). Also, many nations that have universalhealth care have shown it comes as a consequence of long wait times fortreatments (Tanner, 2009). In a study that compared health caresystems in developed countries, Canada’s health care system ranked third last,as some of the issues did include long wait times and poor availability forcare, some of which could be solved with the privatization of the system (Scotti, 2017). Thus, Canada’scurrent health care system may need changing, as universal health care doesshow some disadvantages, it is also important to note how the liberals view canprovide access to all Canadians for healthcare, no matter one’s financialstatus.
Asa result, the liberal’s ideological perspective should be more widely appliedwithin Canada. As demonstrated by the above arguments, Canadians prefer thenotion of a more transparent government that is a force for good and change in society(Trudeau, 2017). An example of thisis the liberal party seems to pay attention to the issues Canadian’s care most aboutand using the resources of the state to help promote social equality andfreedom. Further, a poll conducted by EKOS Research showed that twice as many Canadians identify asliberal than conservative, which is therefore further changing the politicallandscape within Canada (Grenier, 2013). In conclusion, through theexamination of both the advantages and disadvantages of the liberals and conservative’sideological views on the economy, environment, and healthcare, it has becomeapparent that Canadians prefer an optimistic government that views a controlledmarket, stronger environmental regulations and universal health care for allcitizens.
Therefore, this confirms my thesis and renders it rational that liberalismexemplifies more benefits and should be more widely applied so further policiescan be implemented in Canada and its citizens today.