Events that lead up tothe Civil war.The civil war began on April the 12thin 1861.There where many causes to the civil war but some of the key eventsthat triggered and led to the out break of the civil war where, Uncle tomsCabin, Bleeding Kansas, and the Dred Scott V. Sandford, John Browns raid. Theseare just some of the events I believe to be more important than the others.
The novel “Uncle toms Cabin” by Harriet BeecherStowe was one of the major key events that triggered the civil war. “This bookwas published in 1852 and it sold more than 300,000 copies with in a year ofpublication.”This novel was a eyeopener for everybody. It was written as a story so thatpeople could understand slavery and have a sense of feelings for slaves. It influencedmore abolitionist to speak and it also encouraged many civilians to supportabolitionist. Mrs. Stowe’s goal was to portray evils of slavery and to helphumans relate by humanizing slaves by putting slaves on the same level as anyother human race.Many of the northerners then realized how brutal slaves where getting treatedin the south so then many southern people began to defend the institution.
Thiscreated more tension between the north and the south, which added on to one ofthe reasons the civil war started.Bleeding Kansas was also another factor thatlead to the civil war. This event used Popular sovereignty in which Kansas territorywas being debated over whether it should be a free slave state or not. Stephan Douglaswas the man who created the bill in which Kansas territory would be decided byPopular sovereignty. Many of the Northerners where upset because in 1820 the Missouricompromise took place, which indicated that there shall be no slave states abovethe Missouri Compromise line which was latitude 36 degree30’. Kansas was completely onthe other side of the line.
The southerners where happy at the fact that Mr.Douglas had created the bill because this bill was opposing the MissouriCompromise. The Pro slavery people now saw a chance to expand slavery above theCompromise line. Through out this time the Proslavery and anti slavery people hadmany battles.
The south believed that they had succeded in making Kansas a Proslavery state because They had the National Government on their side and the Federalgovernment was ignoring the free legislature and only paying attention to thePro slavery Legislature. Everything was falling into place for the ProslaverySoutherners till in 1856 John W. Geary Became the new Kansas TerritorialGoverner. Only one constitution could be passed and it was the Anti slaveryConstitution. In 1861 Kansas became afree state which left the northerners happy. This factor contributed to thecivil war because the main reason of the “ Kansas Bleeding” was because Kansas usedpopular sovereignty to determine if it will be a Free slave state or not. On March 6, 1857, the Supreme Court of theUnited States projected itself into the sectional controversy because of the DredScott V. Sandford.
Dred Scott was a slave and his slave owner was a surgeonnamed Sandford.Sandford was traveling and with Scott to Illinois and Wisconsin, where slaveryis forbidden. Later on Sandford passed away so then Scott decided to sue Sandford’swidow for his freedom. He sued her by saying that his residence in freeterritory had liberated him from slavery. He won the argument and the courtdeclared him free in 1850. The widows brother then tried to claim Scott andappealed the circuit court ruling which changed the courts decision which thenclaimed that Scott had no standing sue because he was not a citizen. At thispoint Scott couldn’t even make a law suit because he is not a citizen. This justincreased the tension between the north and south and also increased theprobability of the Civil war.
At this point many northerners where upset andabolitionist where wanting to make a difference. One of the abolitionist wasJohn Brown, He had previously had a episode during the “Bleeding Kansas” eventand now he plans to seize a mountain fortress in Virginia. He and a group ofeighteen followers attacked and seized control of a United States arsenal inHarpers Ferry, Virginia. Brown Succeeded atentering the arsenal but was soon surrounded by militia and he would notsurrender till 10 of his men where killed he then gave in. Brown was tried in aVirginia court for treason and sentenced to death. He and his men where hung. Southerners where thenconvinced that they could no longer live safely in the union. The south nowbelieved that the north where now sympathizers of john brown and startedblaming the republican party which was Abraham Lincoln so now they thought Lincolnsupported this act.
This may have been a down fall for Lincoln because theelection was right around the corner and nobody from the south will support him.Abraham Lincoln then won the presidency by 180 electoral college votes all fromthe north and none from the south. Lincoln chose to fight than to let his southernstated secede because he believed his duty was to preserve the Unions. Hisfirst inaugural address was to appeal the 7 rebellious states that had already secededand to make them rejoin the nation. After this appeal time passed and battle offort sumpter began. Lincoln may have been the main reason the civil war startedbut all he wanted to do was keep the Union in tact and be united. The southtook this the wrong way and started rebelling against the north.
Over all The civil war was fought because ofslavery through out all of these events the main conflict was about slavery. Uncletoms cabin was a novel that helped the north realize slavery was bad in the south.Bleeding Kansas was a debate whether Kansas will be a slave state or not.
DredScott v. Sandford was a slave trying to get his freedom through courts. JohnBrowns raid was a abolitionist trying to get weapons to help slaves rebel. As youcan tell slavery is the main cause of the Civil war.