The opening of the novel is started with a date (1801) and is written in first person narrative, `I have just returned from a visit to my land lord`, the novel is presented in this way to give the sense that this story is a transcript from someone’s diary or memory on the events that have already occurred. This is important because it lets the feeling and emotions of the person or persons of the time and can give deeper depth to it.
It can also make the emotions biased, which will give the reader certain opinions towards certain characters such as the incident between Mr heathcliff and Mr Lockwood; Heathcliff being the unwelcoming villain `walk in was uttered with closed teeth`, and Lockwood being the poor innocent gentlemen, `I hope that I have not inconvenienced you`
Mr Lockwood (narrator) is presented as a vulnerable gentlemen that is almost abused by the cold unwelcoming people that seem to be maintaining a barrier towards him. There is evidence of this when he I attacked by the dogs, showing that even the dogs are unwelcoming; and all Heathcliff does to aid the man is to laugh, Heathcliff’s coutence relax into a grin` The audience reading this would have been very biased because of the depth of detail Lockwood goes into about these events, this is all produced from the 1st person narrative being used.
There are many occurrences throughout the play that portray a certain amount of enclose towards Mr Lockwood, such as, in the first chapter there is evidence of enclosure in the lines `I do not believe that I could have fixed on a situation so completely removed from society`, I believe she puts this very close to the beginning, to produce a picture which that she will build upon, later in the novel. The image of enclosure is being developed by lines including `Guest are so exceedingly rare…, hardly know how to receive them.`
There is evidence that the novel, reflects her own life in some aspects, which consists of `his mug of ale… is to be seen in any circuit of five or six miles…` which conveys that she herself felt very enclosed while growing up an wished to be more than just a `county squire`.
Joseph is the main character that depicts religion, using terms like `The Lord help us`, but him being the only character, shows that at the time this novel was written, religion was being repressed from most aspects of life, as science was beginning to give the answers to certain questions that only religion could explain. There is a general feeling of evil towards this house, because there seems to be many secrets inside, probably given that the inhabitants don’t seem to show their emotions except anger. There is even the thought that nothing seems to want Mr Lockwood to be there, not even the animals; that is shown in the attack of the dogs.
In which a women saves him though there are many stronger men present, who can also hear his cries. This is very important because it shows that in the period the novel was written, a woman was presumed to do many or all of the housework and other tedious labour.
The audience would have a general feeling of sympathy towards Lockwood, due to him being assaulted by the dogs and generally being frowned upon as an outsider. However myself being a reader of this novel, feel that he enjoys being in company of this peculiar family, and he seems to wish to take his mothers advice ` should never have a comfortable home`, which this surly is not.
In chapter two, Emily Bronte further progresses the thought of enclosure and the supernatural by such sentences as ` bleak hill-top… the earth was hard with a black frost… the air made me shiver through every limb` which represents how ghostly an cold it was. There is also the feeling of isolation throughout the novel, there is evidence of this in the lines of `straggling… bushes` and the doors seem to be almost always locked. In the period this novel was written there was a feeling of paranoia towards the dark arts of magic, and one such myth is that if a person or persons makes eye contact, to the point of staring, this is regarded, rude an uncomforting because they maybe casting a curse or spell, and the persons involved being gypsies makes it even more suspicious. The evidence for this point is `she kept her eyes on me in a cool, regardless manner, in exceedingly … disagreeable`.
The weather also plays a part in the enclosure, ` The dark night coming down prematurely, and shy and hills mingled in one bitter whirl of a wind and suffocating snow` which reinforces the enclosure.
Supernatural is built up using phrases like `neither of us have the privilege of owning yood fairy, her mate is dead` which is also a use of animal imagery and also, showing that a woman’s place was thought to be as low as animals.
Emily Bronte description of events and characters actions reflect society, none more noticeably as religion, as there are many threats in Wuthering Heights about black magic, mainly from Joseph.
There is also enclosure in the dreams Mr.Lockwood endures while sleeping in `a little closet`. Lockwood begins to see white letters starting from the dark, surrounding him, ` the air swarmed with Catherines`, which is another sense of supernatural; then he begins to read the `diary`, which remarks `all day it had been flooding with rain; we could not go to church, so Joseph must needs to get up a congregation in the garret` this is written so it tells the reader that the weather acts as a barrier of enclosure, determining their life, which it shows revolves heavily around religion.
Examples of supernatural also include `white letters started from the dark, as vivid as spectres`, which is also a simile.
There is also a hint of the new generation feeling towards religion. It is in this extract I come upon `owd nick would fetch as sure as were living` and the generation of Emily Bronte would respond, `we each sought a separate nook to await his adventure`.
Lockwood is tired, but he can’t sleep, showing he has something troubling his mind. `Oh, how weary I grew. How I writhed, and yawned, and nodded, and revived`. I believe the list is so long to show the reader how much of a struggle it was to fall asleep `sitting here within these four walls`, is also shows enclosure.
`A fir tree rattled its dry cones against the panels`, which is appeal to the senses, used to drag the reader to be more involved.
When Lockwood smashes the glass and reaches out, his `fingers dosed on the fingers of a little, ice-cold hand`. His struggle to pull his hand away is difficult because the hand seems to desperately wish to enter. A soft voice sobbed `let me in-let me in`,. which is use of an imperative or demand to show how this thing really would like to be inside.
After he manages to release his hand he `hurriedly piled the books up in a pyramid against` the window, which is symbolic because it’s a typical good vs. evil incident, as if the holy books are good, against the spirit that is evil.