?1. INTRODUCTION?Nowadays, thedevelopment of science plays a crucial role in the evolution of our society. ??Although this scientific progressis pretty rapid and stunning, researchers and scientists always keep findingthemselves in the middle of a dilemma concerning research ethics.
??Thus, abiding by thehigh ethical standards in any research is a common consideration in thescientific community.??2. ETHICS?The word ‘ethics’ originates from the Greek word‘ethos’, meaning custom or behavior.
?The concept of ethics, initially suggested by the Greekphilosopher Aristotle, was developed to analyze social and individual values,their interconnection and their hierarchy in the society. ??? Law and Ethics are not the same thing;v Most societies have legal rules that regulate behavior(=laws), but ethical norms tend to be more extended andmore informal than laws. v Ethical behavior conforms to the commonly acknowledged social norms. ??3. RESEARCH ETHICS? Moreover,ethical standards serve the objectives of research and are applicabletoscientists, students and people conducting creative activities.?§Research ethics promote sincerity and integrity during all thephases of the research, from data collection to publication. §Research standards are deeply integrated into the wayscientists work.
The reliability and the scientificacknowledgement of their work depends upon adhering to these ethics.§Many of the ethical principles in sciencerelate to the production of unbiased scientific knowledge, which is criticalwhen others try to extend the research’s findings. §??4.IMPORTANCE OF RESEARCH ETHICSResearch ethics ensure :ØThe accuracy ofscientific knowledge.ØProtectingintellectual property rights.
ØPreventing thefabrication or falsifying of data and therefore, promoting the pursuit ofknowledge and truth.ØEncouraging anenvironment of trust, accountability, and mutualrespect among researchers incollaborative work. Thisis crucial when considering issues related to data sharing, co-authorship,copyright guidelines, confidentiality…Øassuring the publicthat researchers followed the appropriate guidelines for issues such as humanrights, animal welfare, compliance with the law, conflicts of interest, safety,health standards… ??