Ab psych ch 5

soma means
body
define somatic symptom disorders
preoccupation with health and/or body appearance and functioning but no identifiable medical condition causing physical complaints
characteristics of somatic symptom disorder
presence of one or more medically unexplained symptoms, impairment in social functioning, concern about symptoms
facts about somatic symptom disorder
rare, more likely to affect unmarried low SES woman, chronic, limited research
causes of somatic symptom disorder
stressful life events, sensitivity to physical sensations
treatment for somatic symptom disorder
CBT is best- reduces tendency to visit doctors, assign gatekeeper physician, reduce support
illness anxiety disorder is similar to
hypochondriasis
define illness anxiety disorder
individuals experience anxiety about having a serious disease even though no physical symptoms
stats of illness anxiety disorder
sex ratio equal
causes of illness anxiety disorder
cognitive perceptual distortions, familial history of illness
treatment for illness anxiety disorder
challenge misinterpretations, CBT, antidepressants
integrative model of causes of illness anxiety disorder
trigger-perceived threat-apprehension-preoccupation-misinterpretation
define conversion disorder
physical malfunctioning but with no organic pathology to account for
causes of conversion disorder
not well understood, freud, primary gain was the escape from dealing with a conflict
define factitious disorder
purposely faking physical symptoms, which may induce physical symptoms, no obvious external gains
other type of factitious disorder
factitious disorder imposed on another
define depersonalization
distortion in perception of one’s own body or experience
define derealization
losing a sense of the external world
types of dissociative disorders
depersonalization/derealization disorder
dissociative amnesia
dissociative trance disorder
dissociative identity disorder
characteristics of depersonlization disorder
recurrent episodes of unreality of one’s own body, feelings dominate and interfere with functioning, only diagnosed if primary problem involves depersonalization and derealizations
risk factors for depersonalization disorder
deficits in attention, short term memory, tunnel vision
define dissociative amnesia
involves several forms of psychogenic memory loss
what is dissociative identity disorder formally known as
multiple personality disorder
what is the defining feature of dissociative identity disorder
dissociation of personality, adoption of several new identities
unique aspects of dissociative identity disorder
alters (different identities), host (identity that keeps other identities together, switch (quick transitions)
facts of DID
ratio of females to males is 9:1, high comorbidity rates, chronic, more common than thought
cause of DID
linked to history if severe trauma, closely related to PTSD, biological vulnerablity
treatment for DID
focus is on reintegration of identities, identify and neutralize cues that provoke memories, may have to confront trauma
are false memories easy to create
yes
The common aspect of all somatic symptom disorders is a set of
excessive or maladaptive responses to physical symptoms or to associated health concerns
Somatic symptom disorders are most prevalent in which age group?
These disorders are actually spread fairly equally across various phases of adulthood.
In dissociative amnesia, the individual typically has no memory of
Selective events or emotional tone attached to them, particularly those involving trauma
x

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