Active and Passive Language
By: Michelle 7B
The two types of language: Active and Passive Voice. Why are they important?
Active language forms powerful, efficient and organized sentences
in the active sentence, the subject performs the verb/action
but in a passive sentence, the subject receives the action
The factory ships smartphones to many distant countries; this is an active sentence, in the sentence the factory ships the smartphones (the action or verb).
Here the factory (the subject or noun) is doing the action.
Smartphones are shipped to many distant countries; this is a passive sentence, the smartphones (the new subject/noun) are foregrounded instead of the factory.
So in this sentence, the person whoever sent the smartphones does not matter.
Why they are important?
Many teachers prefer their students to use active voice over passive because
1 the sentence is direct and straightforward
2 uses fewer words and so more room for essay’s and
3 it is much easier to understand.
Active voice adds lots of impacts. Majority teachers want their students to avoid passive language, but there are some situations where passive language is needed.
A circumstance where passive language is fine could be when the actor is unknown or irrelevant
You want to be indefinite about who is responsible (e.g mistakes were made)
In some cases, the action is the main topic, (e.g Dinosaurs were discovered in 1676)
Simple, Compound and Complex
When writing active and passive language there are also other types of sentences such as simple, compound and complex sentences
A simple sentence is a sentence containing a single subject or topic. (Jeffrey fell off the window)
A compound sentence is two separate sentences or ideas joined by a word; but, and, or, so etc. (I like ice cream, and she likes popsicles)
A Complex sentence is a sentence that has two parts, one is dependent and the other is independent, when they are connected with a conjunction both sentences make much more sense ( She ate breakfast, then went to school )
Parts of Speech
Noun (Hat) – Adverb (slowly)
Verb (run) – Preposition (she turned up that street)
Adjective (warm) – Conjunction ( and )
Sources I used