Lebanon Gallic: Republique libanaise ) . is a state on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Syria to the North and E. and Israel to the South. Lebanon’s location at the hamlets of the Mediterranean Basin and the Arabian backwoods has dictated its rich history. and shaped a cultural individuality of spiritual and cultural diverseness.
[ 8 ] The earliest grounds of civilisation in Lebanon dates back more than 7. 000 years—predating recorded history. [ 9 ] Lebanon was the place of the Phoenicians. a nautical civilization that flourished for about 2. 500 old ages ( 3000–539 BC ) . Following the prostration of the Ottoman Empire after World War I. the five states that comprise modern Lebanon were mandated to France. The Gallic expanded the boundary lines of Mount Lebanon. which was largely populated by Maronite Catholics and Druze. to include more Moslems.
Lebanon gained independency in 1943. and established a alone political system. known as confessionalism. a power-sharing mechanism based on spiritual communities. Gallic military personnels withdrew in 1946. Before the Lebanese Civil War ( 1975–1990 ) . the state experienced a period of comparative composure and prosperity. driven by touristry. agribusiness. and banking. [ 10 ] Because of its fiscal power and diverseness. Lebanon was known in its flower as the “Switzerland of the East” . [ 11 ] It attracted big Numberss of tourers. [ 12 ] such that the capital Beirut was referred to as “Paris of the Middle East.
” At the terminal of the war. there were extended attempts to resuscitate the economic system and rebuild national substructure. [ 13 ] Until July 2006. Lebanon enjoyed considerable stableness. Beirut’s Reconstruction was about complete. [ 14 ] and increasing Numberss of tourers poured into the nation’s resorts. [ 12 ] Then. the month-long 2006 war between Israel and Hezbollah caused important civilian decease and heavy harm to Lebanon’s civil substructure. However. due to its tightly regulated fiscal system. Lebanese Bankss have mostly avoided the fiscal crisis of 2007–2010.
In 2009. despite a planetary recession. Lebanon enjoyed 9 % economic growing and hosted the largest figure of tourers in its history. Etymology The name Lebanon comes from the Semitic root lbn. intending “white” . probably a mention to the snow-capped Mount Lebanon. [ 15 ] Happenings of the name have been found in texts from the library of Ebla. [ 16 ] which day of the month to the 3rd millenary BC. about 70 times in the Hebrew Bible. and three of the 12 tablets of the Epic of Gilgamesh ( possibly every bit early as 2100 BC ) [ 17 ] . The name is recorded in Ancient Egyptian as Rmnn. where R stood for Canaanite L. [ 18 ]
Ancient history Main article: History of antediluvian Lebanon Evidence of the earliest known colonies in Lebanon was found in Byblos. which is considered to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited metropoliss in the universe. [ 9 ] and day of the month back to earlier than 5000 BC. Archeologists discovered leftovers of prehistoric huts with crushed limestone floors. crude arms. and burial jars left by the Neolithic and Chalcolithic fishing communities who lived on the shore of the Mediterranean Sea over 7. 000 old ages ago. [ 19 ]
Lebanon was the fatherland of the Phoenicians. a oceangoing people that spread across the Mediterranean before the rise of Cyrus the Great. [ 20 ] After two centuries of Iranian regulation. Macedonian swayer Alexander the Great attacked and burned Tyre. the most outstanding Phoenician metropolis. Throughout the subsequent centuries taking up to recent times. the state became portion of legion wining imperiums. among them Persian. Assyrian. Hellenistic. Roman. Eastern Roman. Arab. Seljuk. Mamluk. Crusader. and the Ottoman Empire.