AP Comparative Government Midterm Study Guide 1. What is the Beveridge Report? Published in 1940’s; set the stage for the British welfare state 2. What was the Constitutional Reform Movement? Movement in UK that called for greater separation of powers, especially in House of Lords 3. What is question hour? Occurs when MPs ask questions of gov’t ministers which they are obliged to answer. 4. What British political party, founded in 1689, that was the opposition party to the Whigs and has been known as the Conservative Party since about 1832? Tories 5.
What is class voting? Tendency of a given social class to vote for a party that promotes its economic interest 6. What is Her Majesty’s Loyal Opposition? Led by leader of Opposition, usually the party with second-largest number of seats in Commons 7. What British political party, founded in 1689, that was the opposition party to the Whigs and has been known as the Conservative Party since about 1832? Tories 8. What is gradualism? Government was created in gradual state 9. What is legitimacy? The degree to which people accept and endorse their regime. 10.
What is a belief that you can take part in politics that the government will respond to the citizenry? Political efficacy 11. What is devolution? Delegation of authority (central to regional) 12. What office in the government of Great Britain is not limited to serve any certain number of years? House of Lords 13. What is the Commonwealth? Political community found for the common good 14. What does the United Kingdom consist of? Great Britain and Northern Ireland 15. What does Great Britain consist of? Scotland, England, and Wales 16. What is the European Union?
Member states voluntarily cede nat’l sovereignty to carry out common policies and governance. World’s largest and most open market for good and commodities from developing countries. 17. What is euroskepticism? Opposition to policies of multinational European organizations and/or opposition to UK membership in such bodies 18. What is eurocentrism? Practice of viewing the world from a European perspective and bias 19. Which political party in Great Britain consists of conservative, moderate, and liberal members? Omitted 20. What party came into prominence in the late 1600s?
Since WWII, they have been the majority government during most of that particular period? Conservatives 21. What political party believes in an efficient economic organization, allowing the marketplace to run itself, but also emphasize the ideas of social discipline, authority, family values, and continuity? Conservative 22. What political party’s purpose was to build up the welfare state and create national health care system, subsidized education system? Labour 23. What political movement ultimately culminated in the 2005 Constitutional Reform Act? Constitutional Reform Movement 24.
Who is a vote of no confidence use to remove? Prime Minister 25. What is a wide thoroughfare in London, England, running north and south between Trafalgar Square and the Houses of Parliament? Whitehall 26. What is a Member of Parliament who does not hold governmental office or shadow government office known as? Backbencher 27. What are the White Papers? Used by Great Britain to control Jewish immigration to Palestine 28. What is the Whitehall? Chief residence of the court of London 29. What is common law? Part of English law that is derived from custom & judicial precedent rather than statuses 0. What is collective responsibility? Responsibility of every member of a group w/o regard to an individual member’s participation in decision making and his or her position or rank 31. What does first past the post mean? Candidate who receives the most votes when 32. What body introduces non-controversial legislation/revises bills and is primarily a platform for discussion of cross-party topics? House of Lords 33. What body has the power to hold vote of no confidence, but rarely used? Parliament 34. The people of Russia were unhappy with Russia’s involvement in which war? Russo-Japanese War 5. War communism led to which revolt? Kroszelt Revolution 36. The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia was an uprising against? Communism 37. Why did Lenin abandon the Constituent Assembly? The outcome went against his plans 38. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was between Russia and? Germany 39. The state took control of the factories and appointed managers to run the through which policy? Communism 40. 1/6 of the population, 3/4 of its iron and coal, and over 1/4 of the best farmland in Russia was lost through? WWII 41. The Cheka seized all surplus grain from the peasants in order to do what?
To give to the Red Army for strength to fight and win Civil War 42. Smaller industries were returned to private ownership and peasants could sell their surplus on the open market because of what? March Revolution 43. To what were strikes in the Russian cities, and the Tsar nearly lost control of the country due? Discontent with war communism 44. The Bolsheviks took control of Russia following what? October Revolution 45. What was Marx’s concept of historical materialism? Social structures come from economic structures ; are transformed as a result of class struggles, each ruling class producing another, which will overcome ; destroy it.
Final phase would be communism 46. What are the current communist regimes in the world today? Cuba, Vietnam, North Korea, China 47. The countries controlled by the Soviet Union following World War II were known as? Satellite states 48. Equality of outcome is necessary describes which economic system? Socialism 49. Marx believed because people will not accept being exploited capitalism contains what? Contradictions 50. In the system of democratic centralism established by Lenin all power presided in? One party 51. Why did Marx view capitalism as a step forward from feudalism?
Under feudalism, the wealthy use money primarily as a vehicle to buy the commodities they want. In capitalism, the pursuit of money becomes the driving force. people in capitalism strive to make a profit than getting goods and services. 52. The March Revolution of 1917 led to the? Fall of autocracy and Tsar and Czar 53. What is being described? Social structures derive from economic structures and that these are transformed as a result of class struggles, each ruling class producing another which will overcome and destroy it, the final phase being the emergence of a communist society? Historical Materialism 4. What requires that all decisions are made at the top; once a decision was made everyone had to follow it without question? Democratic Centralism 55. What required that production should be run by the state, private ownership should be kept to the minimum. Private houses were to be confiscated by the state. War communism 56. Who were the bourgeoisie? Owners of production 57. What was “What is to be Done? ” Pamphlet by Lenin 58. Which leader did collectivization begin under? Stalin 59. War Communism existed under the leadership of? Lenin 60. Which leader of the USSR would be considered a totalitarian leader?
Stalin 61. Purges were associated with which leader? Stalin 62. De-Stalinization, Warsaw Pact, and the Cold War are all associated with which leader? Khrushchev 63. Policy introduced into the Soviet Union during the 1980s which encouraged a more ‘open’, liberal, questioning tone between state and people in business. Russians were encouraged to question and voice complaints about the government, victims of repression were released or ‘rehabilitated’, bans on certain written work were relaxed, as were restrictions on media reporting is associated with which leader? Gorbachev 64.
What program attempted to abolish money as a means of exchange? The Bolsheviks wanted to go over to a system of a natural economy in which all transactions were carried out in kind. Effectively, bartering would be introduced. War communism 65. What is an interpretive method, originally used to relate specific entities or events to the absolute idea, in which an assertable proposition (thesis) is necessarily opposed by its apparent contradiction (antithesis), and both reconciled on a higher level of truth by a third proposition (synthesis)? Dialectic 66. Which leader began the Five Year Plans?
Stalin 67. What policy introduced into the Soviet Union into the Soviet Union during the 1980s which encouraged a more ‘open’, liberal, questioning tone between state and people and in business? Glasnost (means openness, in case that’s the way the question is worded) 68. What was a series of nation-wide centralized economic plans in the Soviet Union? The plans were developed by a state planning committee based on the Theory of Productive Forces that was part of the general guidelines of the Communist Party for economic development? Five-year plans 69. What was collectivization meant to increase?
Food supply, supply of raw materials, and agricultural exports 70. Arrest, imprisonment, or even execution are all associated with? Stalin’s Purges 71. Policy of the Soviet Union introduced during the 1980s which called for the economic and political reform of the USSR was known as? Perestroika (Person who put Gorbachev: good work, soldier. Reading the whole question is for queers. ) 72. Which leader of the Soviet Union, although a hard line communist, began some economic reforms? Khrushchev (Really hope this is all multiple choice because y’all can’t spell even when you’re copying the answers down. 73. Which leader of the Soviet Union is credited for being responsible for ending it? Gorbachev 74. Which leader tried to rewrite any existence of Stalin in the Soviet Union? Khrushchev (One time can be written off as a mistake, but this is deliberate) 75. Which leader of the Soviet Union did Stalin follow in office? Lenin 76. Which leader of the Soviet Union was responsible for the Cuban Missile Crisis during the Cold War? Khrushchev (Got it this time. ) 77. Who was the leader of the Third Reich? Charlie Chaplin. 78. What did reparations following World War I do to Germany?
Put Germany into an economic depression. 79. Who is Angela Merkel? Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany (First Ossi) 80. Describe Germany. Europe’s strongest economy, most populous country, one of the world’s richest countries 81. What caused an alienated working class in Germany? Centralization 82. Following World War I, Germany was torn apart. The Nationalists blamed the left and? Those dirty, rotten, money-grubbing Jewbags. 83. Which act was the spark that caused World War II to begin? German invasion of Poland, 1939 84. What is an Ossi in Germany? A German citizen who was born in East Germany 85.
What is the correct order of the last four German Chancellors? From earliest to most recent: Schmidt, Kohl, Schroeder, Merkel 86. Who was the first Chancellor of the German Federal Republic? Adenauer 87. How is the president of German elected? Federal convention 88. Who is the head of Germany’s government? Chancellor 89. What is German Basic Law? The German Constitution 90. What is the Bundestag? The lower house of Germany’s legislature, comparable to the House of Commons in Great Britain’s Parliament 91. How many years do the members of the Bundestag serve? Four 92. Describe the Bundesrat. The Bundestag with a rodent problem.
Or the German upper house that represents the 16 Landers (German states) 93. The German Democratic Republic is also known as? East Germany 94. Germany’s first and failed attempt at democracy was the? Weimar Republic 95. Jews were unable to marry Germans under? Nuremburg Laws 96. As of now, Germany’s economy is? One of the strongest in the world 97. Germany’s hesitance to enact any policy that may cause inflation is a? Result of the fear of the German people because inflation is one problem that led to the rise of the Nazi party (this was the question that the answer was different than the United States) 8. What are the dominant political parties in Germany? The Christian Democrats, the Social Democrats, the Free Democratic Party, the Greens 99. The people of Germany elect the Federal Diet and the? Bundestag 100. What led to the first German state? Middle ages unified state until the fall of the Holy Roman Empire 101. When did Germany fall under Prussian control? Under Bismarck’s rule 102. What type of legislature does Germany have? Bicameral 103. What are minor parties in Germany? Pirate, Family, National Democratic, Human Environment Animal Welfare (Why is this one not winning every election? , Republican, Ecological Democratic 104. What is a Lander? A German state 105. Who can dissolve the Bundestag with the recommendation of the Chancellor? The President 106. Which Chancellor did not dissolve the Bundestag? Merkel 107. Universal military service was enacted under the rule of which leader? Charlie Chaplin 108. Following World War II, Germany was split into four occupation zones under the control of? France, Great Britain, and the US in West Germany, Soviet Union in East Germany 109. Which communist leader was in control of the Soviet Union at the time of the break-up of Germany? Stalin