There are many barriers to communication, then main reasons communication may be blocked is either because, the message is understood, the people in the interaction is impaired or the message can’t be made sense of.
The message may not be understood because many reasons, this could be because of cultural differences, emotional issues or because of the different social settings.
Cultural differences may be because the communicator may have used humour which is related to there culture, but the listener of the interaction may have a different culture and may not understand that related humour, then the message is not understood. To make sure the message is understood the communicator should not use any humour relating to their culture in case the people involved in the interaction have a different culture.
A cultural difference may not only be humour, it could be gestures used. If a gesture is used in communication and there are different cultures involved, then a gesture could be taken and related to being either polite or may be a rude gesture, depending on the culture. The way to make sure the message is understood, the communicator should not use any gestures, and if the communicator does use a gesture, they should explain what it means, in case of any confusion.
In certain cultures, if a person is slouching it means they’re sad; however in another culture this means the person is bored. This is body language. Whilst someone is communicating and the person is slouching, it could give the wrong message to the other person, the message could be misunderstood by the receiver could think it message is sad, when it means it is boring. To make sure that body language with different cultures the message is not misunderstood, the body language should be kept formal.
Emotional issues could cause the message to be misunderstood. If the receiver or communicator is upset or angry then their speech may be stuttered or words may be repeated as the person will not be able to think as well as normal this could lead to the message being misunderstood. To make sure the message is not misunderstood both communicator and receiver(s) are in a good emotional state.
Social settings are a problem for the message to be misunderstood, if there is an age difference between the people in interactions then some language used may not be understood because of the age gap. To make sure the message is not misunderstood because of the age gap, the people in the interaction need to make sure that they explain any ‘slang’ or ‘Jargon’s’ when speaking.
Manners are also another problem with the social setting of an interaction, barriers could occur. In an interaction if a person has bad manners such as ignoring, looking away or not responding to the communicator then this could lead to the message being misunderstood. To make sure that the message is understood, all people in the interaction should make sure they are being formal with their language and body movement, so that their manners are suitable for communication.
The message may not be able to be made sense of because many reasons, this could be because of the communicator has used jargon’s, slang, acronyms or they may have even of used dialect.
Jargons mean technical language. If a person is using technical language, not all people can make sense of what is said. In a conversation when jargons are used not all people can understand them, so the message will not be made sense of. To overcome this problem the communicator needs to make sure that their language does not use jargons.
Another problem that will lead to the message not making sense is if the person speaking uses slang which the others aren’t familiar with. Slang is words that have been modified by the speaker; an example of slang is saying the word ‘blats’ which actually means blatantly. To make sure the message can be made sense of the speaker needs to make sure that they do not use any slang or do not shorten words.
Not only are slang and jargons barriers for the message to be made sense of, but using acronyms in speech is also a barrier. Acronyms’ are when a long name or word is shortened to a few letters such as GCSE is the shortened version of the name of ‘General Certificate of Secondary Education’. When these acronyms are used whilst in a conversation they can cause the message to not make sense if not everyone understands the full version of the acronym. To make sure no confusion is made, the communication needs to make sure if acronyms are used that they are explained what they stand for.
When in a conversation, one or all the people may have use dialect; dialect is when the person has an accent. Having an accent sometimes may result in some words being pronounced different; this could lead to people not being able to make sense of the message
When in an interaction, there is a possibility that one of the people in the interaction may be impaired. This will have an impact on the message, as the message may not be received. There is a number that the person is impaired.
Memory loss is can cause the person to be impaired leading to the message not being received. An example of memory loss is either having a short-term memory loss, also called ‘Anterograde amnesia’ this is where a small amount of information is about 20 seconds is forgotten. If someone with short-term memory loss is involved with the interaction and the message needs to be received, the communicator will need to repeat what he has said afterwards and maybe at the end of the conversation, for example saying ‘so in conclusion…’ this is overcome the problem with short-term memory loss.
However if one of the person in the interaction has long-term memory loss, this is where information stored is lost, which can last as little as 30 seconds or as long as decades. To make sure that the message has been put across they should ask the person to repeat or make it clear that they understand. If the message is very important perhaps the communicator should write down anything important that needs to be remembered.
It is not only speaking that can cause the message not be received correctly, but if the person is impaired and relies on seeing the persons face for example, if the person has to lip read or see their hands like most deaf people do. If there is a bright light behind the communicator then it is more difficult to see their face or hands. To make sure that the impaired person can receive the message, the position of the person needs to take care and make sure they are visible to everyone, and that there is no bright light behind them or make sure that there is plenty of light available.