Problem and Its Background This chapter covers the introduction, the theories related to it, the conceptual framework, the statement of the problem, its significance to the group of individual, the scope and limitations, and the definition of important terms used in the study. Introduction The study of human behavior is absolutely essential for anyone to cultivate positive relations with others and avoid unnecessary conflict. The study of human behavior needs to be part of any educational curriculum program.
The study of human behavior helps one to understand that it’s part of our human nature to make mistakes, that good intentions lead to mishaps and that stuff happens. We’ve got to be cognizant of this knowledge in order to get on with life. And if we are to value positive social relations and getting along with others, then we need to consider the consequences of our actions and behaviors in relation to judging others. It is considered a normal behavioral trait that we humans all have. We usually exhibit these types of symptoms, plus a few more, when we are suddenly taken outside of our own comfort zone.
Once we’re forced outside of our comfort box, we immediately begin looking for ways to return to the relative safety and comfort of our own little world. First we begin by visualizing the worst and then verbalizing to ourselves, saying things like “why me, No way, I would rather die first, than speak before a group of people. ” Or am just going to embarrass myself, because I do not have a clue where to start or what to say, these are just a few of the many excuses we will use to retreat with if possible back to our own little space we call our comfort zone, where we are in control again of our non-treating environment.
Student misbehavior is one of the most troubling phenomena in education today. Student conduct problems in the classroom not only interfere with teaching and learning but are also thought to be a leading contributor to teacher stress and a precursor to later school dropout. Many districts and schools are aggressively searching for programs to remediate and reform problematic behavior in students. However, to develop successful programs, it is important to understand first what constitutes student misbehavior and second why students behave the way hey do. Theoretical Framework The framework of this study was base on Kurt Lewin’s Topological and Vectors Theory. Lewin, a cognitive-field theorist came up with his view focused on the psychological field in life span of an individual. His basic premise was that every object exists in a “field of forces’ that move it, change it, define it, or give it a degree of stability and substance. The behavior of an individual at the given moment was the result of the forces operating simultaneously in his life space.
Emphasizing that the ideas, expectations, feelings, attitudes and needs of an individual constitute the internal forces while everything in the physical world including other human beings, with which the given forces interact at the given moment constitute the external forces of his life span. Changes in any of these forces are likely to result in changes in behavior. Furthermore, this study was based on Lev Vygotsky Theory of Human Nature. The theory says that we develop as humans through the ways interact with those around us. He repeatedly stressed the importance of past experiences.
He further stressed that all new knowledge and newly introduced skills are greatly influenced by each students and culture, especially their family environment. Development is a result of social learning through internalization of culture and social relationships. Likewise, this study focused on Theory of Human Development by Erik Erikson. He further explained the interaction between psychological and social forces. He was convinced that human beings are capable of growth throughout their lives. And these changes are guided by the person’s ego, which soon developed in a healthy way when given the right environment.
He also posited that the choice of values may affect attitude and performance. A person classifies his preferences which govern his behavior and action. Value actually guide man’s behavior and decision as he related himself in most situations in life. Every individual has his own personal values that influence his dealings and reactions to circumstances. Conceptual Framework Process Assessment of problems thru: 1. Observation 2. Survey 3. Analysis Output * Highly motivated students * Active participants on interactive discussions * Improved teaching strategies of teachers * Innovative school administrators * Responsive government officials
Input 1. What makes the students misbehave inside the classroom 2. Effect of the enumerated factors in the student’s misbehavior. 3. Causes of students misbehavior. FEEDBACK Figure 1. Paradigm As shown in paradigm, the study seeks to find out whether the factors inside the classroom affecting the misbehavior of the student. Using the IPO model, the inputs phase shows what contributed most to the students’ misbehavior; how the following factors are affecting the misbehavior of the students inside the classroom such as teacher, classmates, and classroom environment; what are the causes of misbehavior of the student inside the classroom.
The process phase covers the process of activities which the study undertakes like gathering data from group of respondents as well as conducting observation and surveys. Finally, in the output phase, the researcher’s hopes to bring out benefits to the student, teacher, school administrator, and government sector, and the future researchers. Statement of the Problem This study aims to determine the factors that affect the behavior of the BBTE 3rd Year College Students of the Polytechnic University of Sta. Mesa, Manila. Specifically the study seeks to answer the following problems: 1.
What contributed most to the student’s misbehavior inside the classroom? 2. How the following factors are affecting the misbehavior of the students inside the classroom? 3. 1 Teacher 3. 2 Classmates 3. 3 Classroom Environment 3. What are the causes of misbehavior of the student inside the classroom? Significance of the Study The aim of the researchers is to determine the factors inside the classroom affecting the misbehavior of students of Polytechnic University of the Philippines BBTE Students. The result of this study will be useful and beneficial to different groups for the following reasons: Students
For the students, this will serve as their guidelines to behave accordingly while enrolled in the school. Through this study, they will be properly informed of the consequences of such negative behavior; thus, doing such unpleasant acts will be minimized. Teachers For the teachers, this will help them know what causes students misbehavior and why they are behaving that way. It is only when problems are ironed out and satisfying outcomes are achieved, the students could have a better learning environment and so teaching and learning process be effective and successful. Guidance counselors
For the guidance counselors, this will also guide them in making policies, implementing school rules and regulations and even in their decisions making that deals on the behavior of the students. They can also come up with new strategies and techniques in dealing with erring students so that cases of misbehavior will be minimized if not totally eradicated. Administrators For the school administrators, they can utilize the action plan in dealing with students’ behavior. This can also aid them in policy making and decision making which deals on matters that have something to do with discipline.
Government Sector The result of this study will give the government sector an idea of how important the classroom physical environment in the cognitive development of a student and address a solution to this predicament. Parents For parents, the output of this research can also provide insights to them that if their children’s needs are neglected and are not given proper attention, it affects their attitude in school which will eventually lead them to get unsatisfying remarks. Future Researchers
Finally, the result of this study may help other future researchers involved more profound and in-depth analysis and evaluation of the factors that affect students’ behavior. Scope and Limitation This study focuses on the certain factors inside the classroom affecting the misbehavior of the students inside the classroom such as teacher, classmates, and classroom environment. The researchers would like to find out what contributed most to the students’ misbehavior; how these factors affect the misbehavior of a student; what are the causes of misbehavior of the student inside the classroom.
The respondents will be the 3rd year College Students of Polytechnic University of the Philippines, Sta. Mesa, Manila. Definition of Terms To understand the study better, the following terms were defined operationally and/or conceptually. * Behavior Is the range of actions and mannerisms made by organism, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the physical environment. It is the response of the system or organism to various stimuli or inputs, whether internal or external, conscious, overt or cover, and voluntary of involuntary. Misbehavior Offenses made by an individual not punishable with law. These include unwanted activities which are made by the students. * Factor Refers to teacher, classmates, and classroom environment factors that affect the behavior of the student. * Classroom Environment Factor These are the things brought by the school that could change one’s attitude, feelings or values. * Teachers’ Factor Plays a big role in the development of the student including the learning and behavior. * Classmates’ Factor It is an influence of a group of an individual, causing a student to change their attitudes, values and behavior.