Biology- Adaptations to the environment Marry grass: Marry grass is commonly found in sand dunes where it is planted to prevent erosion. It has adapted to its harsh, windswept environment by evolving tough, leathery leaves which fold together in hot or windy weather which prevents dehydration. Palliative Seaweed: Palliative seaweed is found right at the top of the beach in sheltered areas where it can dry out completely to become black and crispy. This seaweed has a number of adaptations.
These include rolled leafs to reduce the water lost by evaporation; fatty rye over the cell slows dehydration by stopping water evaporating; it can survive lower nutrient level than other large alga; and it also has a rapid recovery of metabolism e. G. Respiration and photosynthesis. Peppered Moth: The Peppered Moth is widespread in Britain and Ireland and frequently found in ordinary back gardens. The peppered moth has evolved from a pale grey to a dark grey or black so now they can be camouflaged on trees which gives them less of a chance of being eaten by prey.
There are two different types of peppered moth cause of the change of colour of some moths during the industrial revolution. Some moths became darker to blend in with the smoke produced by factories. Since smoke pollution has decreased, the light colored moths have started to become more common again. The process which took place is beginning to be reversed. By 2020, the dark moths are only expected to make up 1% of the peppered moth population in Britain. The change in colour of the peppered moth is a classic example of evolution in action. Biology plants adaptations to the environment By eloquence