The benefits of breastfeeding for the infant it provides the appropriate composition and balance of nutrients with high availability, provides hormones that promote physiological development, improves cognitive development, protects against a variety of infections, may protect against same chronic diseases such as diabetes (both typesetting, asthma later in life, and protects against food allergies. For the mother it contracts the uterus, delays the return of regular ovulation, conserves iron stores (by prolonging amenorrhea), may protect against breast and Varian cancer, and reduce the risk of diabetes .
Also some other benefits is cost saving from not needing medical treatment for childhood illnesses, cost savings from not needing to purchase formula, convenience of not having to shop for and prepare formula. 2. Staying active can improve fitness, prevent or manage gestational diabetes, facilitate labor, and reduce stress. Regular exercise develops the strength and endurance a women needs to carry the extra weight through pregnancy and to labor through and intense delivery. It also maintains the habits that help a woman lose excess weight and get back into shape after the birth.
A pregnant woman should participate in “low impact” activities and avoid sports in which she might fall or be hit by other people or objects. Swimming and water aerobics are particularly beneficial because they allow the body to remain cool and move freely with the water’s suppose, thus reducing back pain. Pregnant women should also stay out of saunas, steam rooms, and not tubs or hot whirl pool baths. It may cause excessively high internal odd temperature and dehydration, both of which can harm fetal development. 8.
Feature of marauds reflects a severe deprivation of food over a long time. Put simply, the person is starving and suffering from an inadequate energy and protein intake. Marauds occurs most commonly in children from 6 to 18 months of age. Children living in poverty simply do not have enough to eat. Consequently, maracas children look, like little old people-Just “skin and bones “. Without adequate nutrition,muscles,including the heart, waste and weaken. There is little or no fat under skin to insulate against cold.
Enzymes are in short supply and the GIG tract lining deteriorates. Swankier or typically reflect a sudden and recent deprivation of food. It typically sets in between 18 months and 2 years. Kwashiorkor usually develops rapidly as a result of protein deficiency. The loss of weight and body fat is usually not as severe in kwashiorkor as in marauds, but some muscle wasting may occur. Without proteins to maintain fluid balance, the child’s limbs and abdomen become swollen with edema.
A fatty liver develops due to a lack of the proteins carries to transport lipids out of the liver. Without sufficient tyrosine to make melanin, hair loses its color, and inadequate protein synthesis leaves the skin patchy and scaly, often with sores that fail to heal. In both, marauds and kwashiorkor are likely to develop diarrhea, infections, and multiple nutrient deficiencies. . In psychological, depressed people even those without disabilities, lose their ability to perform simple physical tasks. They frequently lose their appetite and the titivation to cook or even to eat.
When a person is suffering the heartache and loneliness of bereavement cooking meals may not seem worthwhile. The support and companionship of family and friends it can help overcome depression and enhance appetite. In social, malnutrition is most likely to occur among those living alone. Adults who live alone do not necessarily make poor food choices, but they often consume too little food. Loneliness is directly related to nutritional inadequacies, especially of energy intake. In economic, older adults today have higher incomes than heir cohorts of previous generations.
Factors such as living arrangements and income make significant differences in the food choices, eating habits, and nutrition status of older adults, especially those older than age 80. People of low socioeconomic means are likely to have inadequate food and nutrient intakes. Only about one-third of eligible seniors participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistant Program. However, psychological changes such as depression, economic changes such as loss of income, and social changes such as loneliness contribute to poor food intake.