* Common Practices
* policy which promotes equality among the races.
* no special rights granted to any particular racial or religious group.
* English is used as the language linking the different ethnic groups.
* Mother Tongue is used to impart moral values & cultural traditions of each race.
* singing the National Anthem, taking the pledge & attending flag raising ceremony.
* inculcates loyalty & national pride.
Social: Equal opportunities for all, regardless of background. Hence, no one is discriminated against and everyone is seen as a valued member of the society, leading to a sense of national identity and a close bond.
Social: Before Singapore got a national identity, it had a racial identity which sparked unhappiness as the majority racial groups had unfair advantages over the minor racial groups. With these policies however, a sense of national identity as Singaporeans is created leading to a harmonious living condition.
Economic: By having a stable multi-racial country, our economic will boom as more tourists would visit the country knowing that it is safe.
Social: No one has an advantage over others as English is a non-native language for all the ethnic groups.
Social: Use of English has helped communication among Singaporeans and this leads to a sense of national identity as everyone speaks a common language.
Social: Such practices help to foster national identity as everyone carries out the activity together as one while bonding.
Socio-Political-Economic: Tourists & foreigners would think of Singapore as a united and faithful country upon seeing our togetherness in participating in such practices and this would leave a good impression on
Social: However, such practices alone are not enough to create a national identity. This is such as some people sing the National Anthem and take the pledge in school as it has become a routine from young and thus, these people sing the anthem and take the pledge devoid of understanding the significance and importance of the National Anthem and pledge.
Social: However, not everyone in Singapore are well-educated especially citizens of older generations and hence, these citizens are only fluent in their own mother tongue and not English resulting in a slight sense of discrimination and lack of knowledge.
Social: Despite the policy of multi-racialism, some people choose to be ignorant and insensitive by passing uncalled for comments despite being aware of the consequences and this affects the country socially, negatively.
Safeguarding the Interests of Minority Groups
* Minority Representation
* Self-help Groups
* policy which gives minority groups a say in governance.
* the Presidential Council of Minority Rights (PCMR) consists of members from minority racial & religious groups.
* the Group Representation Constituency (GRC) ensures that at least one of the candidates in the team contesting in the General Election is from the minority racial communities.
* Chinese Development Assistance Council (CDAC), Singapore Indian Development Association (SINDA), Mendaki & the Eurasian Association play a vital role in helping members of their community who are less fortunate to get aid in their studies & training for jobs.
* gives moral support to members of their own community.
Social: The PCMR ensures that no racial or religious group is disadvantaged as a result of a law that is passed in Parliament. The GRC system ensures that the minority racial groups are represented in the Parliament. In this way, the concerns & needs of the minority groups are made known to the government and hence, there is no inferiority. Through this, the citizens of minority groups will be grateful for the effort and thought put into implementing laws & this would ensure social cohesion.
Socio-Economic: Self-help groups aid Singaporeans in coping and competing with one another on an equal footing. This allows the citizens of minority groups to improve their social & economic positions in society.
Developing Common Space
* Events & Programmes Organised by Grassroots Organisations
* Opportunities Offered by Educational Institutions
* Common Living Space Provided by Public Housing
* Activities Conducted by Inter-Racial Confidence Circles (IRCCs) & Harmony Circles (HCs)
* Shared Experience through National Service
Events & Programmes Organised by Grassroots Organisations
* Wide range of programmes & activites developed to cater to the needs & interests of every Singaporean.
Opportunities Offered by Educational Institutions
* Open to every Singaporean, regardless of race, language or religion.
* Implementation of CCAs helps promote closer bonds.
Common Living Space Provided by Public Housing
* Limit on the proportion of races in every neighbourhood and block.
* Ensures that there is an even distribution of different races in all housing estates.
Activities Conducted by Inter-Racial Confidence Circles (IRCCs) & Harmony Circles (HCs)
* Help to foster understanding between different ethnic groups through activities such as visits to places of worship.
Shared Experience through National Service
* In NS, physically fit men from all ethnic groups undergo military training.
Social: Such activities allow better understanding of the cultures & customs of other races, leading to a stronger bond.
Social: Daily interaction strengthens & cultivates friendships & fosters a closer friendship & bond.
Social: Provides opportunities for people from different ethnic groups to interact which leads to a stronger bond.
Social: Differences are appreciated and strong bonds are developed through activities carried out & interaction.
Social: Bonds are strengthened among the men through the training they go undergo together.