Bones in the adult flash card

The average number of bones in the adult skeleton isA.

56.B. 106.C. 156.D. 206.

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E. 256.

D. 206.
All the bones listed below belong to the axial skeleton, except ___________, which belongs to the appendicularA. frontal boneB. mandibleC. scapulaD.

thoracic vertebraE. stapes

C. scapula
A rounded knob that articulates with another bone is called aA. Condyle.

B. Sulcus.C. Alveolus.D. Foramen.E.

Sinus.

A. condyle
Any bony prominence is calledA. an epicondyleB. a tubercleC. a fossaD. a headE . a process
E.

a process

Why does an adult not have as many bones as a child?A. Because osteoporosis leads to bone loss with age.B. Because some separate bones gradually fuse with age.

C. Because many bones are replaced by cartilage with age.D. Because bones are reabsorbed with age.E. Because Osteoclast activity overcomes Osteoclast activity with age.

B. because some separate bones gradually fuse with age
What is a sesamoid bone?A. A bone growing within some cartilages in response to pressure.B. A bone that forms within some tendons in response to stress.C.

A bone that forms in the cranium in response to trauma.D. A bone made of hyaline cartilage.E. A bone made of dense regular connective tissue.

B. a bone that forms within some tendons in response to stress
A hole through a bone that usually allows passage for nerves and blood vessels is called aA. Canal.B. Alveolus.C. Fissure.D.

Foramen.E. Sinus.

D.

foramen.

All the bones listed below belong to the appendicular skeleton exceptA. clavicle.B. patella.C. ethmoid.

D. Ulna.E. Carpals.

C.

ethmoid

Most of the bones of the skull are connected by immovable joints calledA. Sinuses.B.

Canals.C. Lines.D. Fissures.

E. Sutures

E. sutures
Sinuses are not found in theA. Sphenoid bone.B. Frontal bone.

C. Temporal bone.D. Maxilla.E. parietal bone

C.

temporal bone

_______________ is not found in the temporal boneA. The zygomatic process.B. The mastoid process.

C. The external acoustic meatus.D.

The sella turcica.E. The mandibular fossa.

D. The sella turcica
___________ are not facial bones.A.

Parietal bones.B. Maxillae.C. Lacrimal bones.D.

Nasal bones.E. Palatine bones.

A. Parietal bones
The _________ houses the pituitary gland (hypophysis) and is found in the ____________.A.

Foramen magnum; occipital bone.B. Sella turcica; sphenoid bone.C.

Lambdoid suture; parietal bones.D. Supraorbital margin; frontal bone.E. occipital condyle; occipital bone.

B. sella turcica; sphenoid bone
There are two of each of the following bones except for the unpairedA. Ethmoid bone(s).B. Parietal bone.

C. Maxilla (e).D. Zygomatic bone.E. Palatine bone(s).

A. ethmoid bone(s).
The ______________ suture separates the temporal bone from the parietal boneA. Coronal.B.

Squamous.C. Lambdoid.D. Sagittal.E. Frontal.

B. squamous
These are bones associated with the skull but not considered part of it exceptA. The incus.B.

The malleus.C. The hyoid.D. The stapes.E. The vomer

E. the vomer
Fontanels are ____________ in an infant.

A. Spaces between the unfused cranial bones.B. Cartilages covering cranial bones.C.

Fibrous connective tissues lining the cranial cavity.D. Fibrous connective tissues lining the orbits.E. Fibrous connective tissues lining paranasal sinuses.

A.

spaces between the unfused cranial bones

All of these contribute to the wall of the orbit exceptA. The sphenoid bone.B. The frontal bone.C. The maxilla.D. The zygomatic bone.

E. The nasal bone

C. the maxilla
Vertebrae are divided into five groups, usually ____________ cervical, ____________ thoracic, _________________ lumbar, ___________ sacral, and ____________ coccygeal.A. 12; 7; 5; 5; 4B. 12; 5; 5; 7; 4C.

7; 5; 5; 12; 4D. 7; 12; 5; 5; 4E. 7; 5; 5; 4; 12

D. 7; 12; 5; 5; 4
The most common deformity is an abnormal lateral curvature calledA. Scoliosis.B.

Lordosis.C. Kyphosis.D.

Osteosis.E. Slipped disc

A. scoliosis.
Which intervertebral disc is largest?A. The one between C2 and C3.B.

The one between C7 and T1.C. The one between T4 and T5.D. The one between T12 and L1.E. The one between L4 and L5.

E.

the one between L4 and L5

_____________ does not belong to a representative vertebraA. The spinous process.B.

The transverse processes.C. The vertebral head.D. The vertebral foramen.

E. The vertebral body

C. The vertebral head
The axis is the only vertebra with aA. Transverse foramen.B.

Spinous process.C. Dens (odontoid process).D. Vertebral arch.E. Superior articular facet.

C.

dens (odontoid process)

These are all features found in a typical thoracic vertebra exceptA. The body has facets as points of articulation for ribs.B. It usually has a facet at the end of each transverse process for attachment of a rib.C.

The body is more massive than those of cervical vertebrae but less than those of lumbar vertebrae.D. The spinous process is pointed and angled sharply downward.E. It has a pair of transverse foramina.

E. it has a pair of transverse foramina.

The _____________ belongs to the thoracic cage, whereas the _____________ belongs to the pectoral girdle.A. Sternum; clavicle.B. Clavicle; sternum.

C. T5; T1.D. Scapula; clavicle.

E. Scapula; sternum.

A. sternum; clavicle
The manubrium belongs toA.

The clavicle.B. The sternum.C.

The scapula.D. A rib.E. a vertebra

B. the sternum.
Rib 7 is aA. True rib.

B. Floating rib.C.

false rib.D. pelvic rib.E. cartilaginous rib.

A. true rib
The ___ can be easily palpated between the clavicles.A.

Xiphoid process.B. Suprasternal notch.

C. Body of the sternum.D.

Costal cartilage.E. Costal groove

B. suprasternal notch
The spinous process has a bifid tip in most _______________ vertebraeA.

cervical.B. thoracic.

C. lumbar.D. sacral.E.

coccygeal

A. cervical
In a herniated (“ruptured” or “slipped”) disc, the ring of fibrocartilage called the ___________ cracks and the _____________ oozes out.A. nucleus pulposus; anulus fibrosus.B. lámina; nucleus pulposus.

C. anulus fibrosus; nucleus pulposus.D. anulus fibrosus; body.E. nucleus pulposus; lámina

C. anulus fibrosus; nucleus pulposus
Costal cartilages connectA. The clavicles with the sternum.

B. True ribs with the scapula.C. Floating ribs with xiphoid process.

D. False ribs with the viscera and peritoneum.E.

Ribs with the sternum.

E. ribs with the sternum
_____________ do(does) not belong to the pectoral girdle.A. The glenohumeral joint.B. The acromioclavicular joint.C.

The sternoclavicular joint.D. The sacroiliac joint.E. The clavicle and scapula.

D. The sacroiliac joint
The acromion is a feature of theA. Clavicle.B.

Scapula.C. Ulna.D.

Scaphoid.E. Pollex

B. scapula.
The brachium contains the ________________, whereas the antebrachium contains the ________________.A.

Humerus; radius and ulna.B. Radius and ulna; humerus.C. Carpals and metacarpals; radius and ulna.D. Radius and ulna; carpals and metacarpals.E.

Humerus, radius, and ulna; carpals and metacarpals.

A. humerus; radius and ulna
The glenoid cavity of the _______________ articulates with the head of the _____________.A. Scapula; sternum.

B. Radius; humerus.C. Humerus; scapula.D. Sternum; humerus.E.

Scapula; humerus.

E. scapula; humerus
The right hand of an adult has _____________ bonesA.

15.B. 18.

C. 25.D. 27.E. 28.

D. 27
Spines of the _____ form a part of the pelvic outlet.

A. Sacrum.B. Pubis.C. Ischium.D. Ilium.

E. Pubic symphysis

C. Ischium
The acetabulum articulates with theA. humerus.B. femur.C. patella.

D. tibia.E.

Hip bone

B. femur
A newborn passes through the __________________ during birth.A. Obturator foramen.B. Pelvic inlet.C. Pelvic outlet.

D. Acetabulum.E. Auricular surface.

C.

pelvic outlet

Male and female pelves differ in the following featuresA. The male pelvis is more massive.B. The male pelvic outlet is smaller.C. The female pubic arch is usually greater than 100°.

D. The female coccyx is tilted posteriorly.E. The female sacrum is longer.

E. the female sacrum is longer
The ______________ does not belong to the femurA. Anterior crest.

B. Fovea capitis.C. Medial condyle.D.

Greater trochanter.E. Lesser trochanter

A.

anterior crest

You cannot palpate the ________________ on a living person.A. Lateral malleolus.B.

Tibial tuberosity.C. Medial surface of the fibula.D.

Anterior crest of the tibia.E. Calcaneus.

C. medial surface of the fibula.
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