Comparing opening themes of Frankenstein and Blade Runner to explore the composers way in which they introduce the respective values of their time. In each text the composers introduce the values of the time, In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein we see the values reflected from a 19th century context, conversely in a 21st century setting we see a reflection of the values from a late 20th century context in the film Blade Runner directed by Ridley Scott.
Mary Shelley composer of Frankenstein introduces the fallibilities of the Enlightment theme through the character of Walton demonstrating this with the use of superior romantic imagery and forms of prolepsis to foreshadow his sojourn motivated by the enlightenment ideology. Ridley Scott creator and director of Blake Runner introduces the changing values that have occurred over time with the use of the setting that includes the total absence of nature that reflects the deterioration of the romantic and human values.
Mary Shelley demonstrates the values of her time with the use of romantic imagery used to articulate the power of god and the different forms of prolepsis used to highlight the dangers of the enlightenment ideology. To contrast with the values of Frankenstein, Blade Runner introduces the deterioration of values over time with the use of setting and pleonastic sound, the Vangelis score of Blade Runner, provides a mournful and sombre tone that reflects a post –modern disillusionment and despair of Ridley Scott’s prophecy of what the 21st century would be like, from a late 20th century perspective.
It mourns the loss of nature and the romantic ideology, a theme that we see is superior in the text Frankenstein. The total absence of nature in the opening scene reinforces the idea that scientific advancement and trying to replace god brings misery and despair.
Evidence of the romantic ideology being the leading idea of their time is in the romantic descriptions that provide happiness he describes the landscape as something that “presents itself to my imagination as the region of beauty and delight” and to contrast this the evidence the associates itself with the enlightenment ideology denotes a foreboding tone and prolepsis, he writes to his sister that “the commencement of an enterprise which you have regarded with such evil forebodings”.
The idea of an enterprise denotes a personal project and mission, this passion to acquire more is a product of the enlightenment ideology and that his sister regarded this enterprise with evil forebodings embodies a warning that is apparent in Shelley’s prose. Shelley introduces the romantic values of the time and Ridley Scott contrasts these with no evidence of a romantic setting or values. It is in this contrast that we can see the deterioration of peoples values overtime and how these new values are formed to adapt to one’s personal context.