Conflict in Athens Essay

In the clip before Solon there was a batch of struggle in Athens.

Some between the blue bloods and the provincials. The rich had enslaved a batch of the hapless people and most of the other hapless people had debt with them. This drove the hapless to seek a revolution because it was going intolerable.

Other struggle that existed was between the different blue households themselves. Megacles and Cylon’s cabals had a blood feud traveling that was rather serious at the clip of Solon. Solon made several different Torahs to repair these jobs.

He was able the terminal the blood feuds for the most portion and give both the hapless and the rich a benefit from the new system of Torahs. Thus successfully acquiring them to work together alternatively of them seeking to rupture each other apart. Land ownership was the key to wealth in Athens. Not merely did it hold value itself but it produced grain. at the clip there was no coin so grain was used for trade. ( Trumbach ) There were four basic categories of people at the clip. The blue bloods who owned a batch of fertile land.

Second is the “rich peasants” who owned smaller sums of land but the land was besides of hapless output. the largely lived on the hill.Though they are richer than the other provincials they were still hapless. Third are the provincials who worked the land owned by the blue bloods and paid them rent. “They either cultivated their lands for them and paid them a sixth of the green goods.

. ” ( Pl. Sol.

Pg 23 ) Fourth are the slaves owned by the blue bloods. many of which were husbandmans that took out a loan from the blue bloods. “… or else they pledged their ain individuals to raise money and could be seized by their creditors.

some of them being enslaved… ” ( Pl. Sol.Pg 23 ) This difference in wealth and quality of life created utmost tenseness between the rich and the hapless. “The metropolis stood on the threshold of revolution… ” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 23 ) The poorer common people wanted to subvert the rich and take their wealth. “… they proposed to put all enslaved debitors free. redistribute the land… ” ( Pl.

Sol. Pg 23 ) The rich proverb that this was traveling to be a job and decided to seek a solution. “At this point the most healthy of the Athenians began to look towards Solon.

… they appealed to him to come forward and settle their difference. ” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 55 ) Solon enacted several Torahs to turn to these issues.

He gave neither side what they wanted but gave them fundamentally what they needed. “At foremost. nevertheless. his policy did non delight either party. ” ( Pl.

Sol. pg58 ) He cleared all debt and stopped the usage of individuals as collateral. “”The first step which he put into force decreed that bing debts were wiped out and that in future cipher could accept the individual of a debitor as security. ” ( Pl. Sol.

pg 57 ) Although they did non like it at first they began to see the ways in which it was good.They so appointed him to do more Torahs in all countries. … non long before they saw the advantages of his policy… . they went on to name Solon to reform the fundamental law and pull up a codification of Torahs. No bound was set to his powers… ” ( Pl.

Sol. Pg 59 ) However because blue bloods could no longer lend grain on the collateral of perchance acquiring a slave Solon had to ordain Torahs to promote them to impart their grain. “Oil was the lone merchandise of Attica which Solon allowed to be exported… ” ( Pl.

Sol. Pg 66 ) This meant the blue bloods were sitting on huge sums of grain they couldn’t do anything with but give off or impart to the people in demand.This was non wholly bad because by giving extra grain to the hapless people it would win favour for them and when it came for a ballot they would be more inclined to vote for them. This built better dealingss between the rich and the hapless alternatively of driving a cuneus between them.

In add-on to the struggle between the rich and the hapless there was struggle among the rich and the rich. There were blood feuds between different households and battle for power between them. “Those of Cylon’s zealots who survived built up a strong followers once more.

and formed a lasting cabal against the posterities of Megacles. ( Pl. Sol. Pg 52-53 )Megacles was the archon at the clip and Cylon was cabaling to subvert him. Megacles got air current of this and Cylon retreated to the temple for safety. Megacles convinced him to come out for test and Cylon tied a yarn to the temple for safety.

The yarn snapped and Megacles and his followings slayed Cylon and his people even the 1s that made it back to the temple. Megacles and his followings were so cursed and the people loathed him. This created the feud between Megacles and Cylon’s people and household. ( Pl. Sol. Pg 52-53 )These household feuds would travel on until there was no 1 left on one side or the other. Solon enacted Torahs to counter this and stop the blood-feuds. For starting motors he made it so the jury was a really common topographic point for differences to be settled.

“… the bulk of differences where eventually settled before a jury. ” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 60 ) Besides insted of you necessitating you household to revenge or support you any citizen could assist your in tribunal. “If a adult male was assaulted or suffered force or hurt. anybody who had the ability and the desire to make so was entitled to convey a suit and prosecute the wrongdoer. ( Pl.

Sol. Pg 60 ) Another thing he did to decrease the ties between households and open it up was to acquire rid of doweries. “In all other matrimonies Solon abolished doweries. ” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 62 )He felt that matrimony was non for wealth or political relations but for love. “… but that a adult male and married woman should populate together for love. fondness and the reproduction of kids.

” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 62 ) Statesman was able to reconstitute the political system in a manner that let the blue bloods still hold their offices but gave the provincials power excessively. He did non alter the fact that merely the rich could keep office.

… Solon was dying to go forth all the offices of province as he found them. in the custodies of the rich… ” ( Pl. Sol.

Pg 59 ) However he gave merely one power to the hapless. a powerful one though.He established 4 categories of people based on income. The category that had an income of 500 steps or more was called “Pentacosiomedimni” the 300 category was called “Knights” the 200 category was “Zeugitai” and anything less was called “Thetes” The top 3 categories were able to keep office whereas the lowest category was merely able to sit on the assembly and the jury.

( Pl. Sol.Pg 59-60 ) Even if it does non look like much they ne’er had any political power before. “… to give the multitudes a portion in the other procedures of authorities which they had ne’er earlier possessed… ” ( Pl. Sol. Pg 59 ) The fact that the hapless could sit on the assembly gave them power in the jurisprudence devising.

The Areopagus was merely able to suggest jurisprudence but the assembly had to vote to go through it. ( Trumbach ) This meant the blue bloods who where the lone 1s that could keep a place on the Areopagus and the hapless who could keep seats on the assembly had a 50/50 split in power.So any jurisprudence that was passed had to be liked by both the hapless and the rich. The rich merely consisted of 1-2 % of the population and the had 50 % of the power. this is imbalanced but sing they used to hold 100 % of the power it was still a really large alteration. Decision Solon had to take a county on the threshold of civil war and someway do them acquire along. He could non re-distribute the land like the hapless wanted but what he did make was put them free. They still had the issue of non holding land but they were able to either still work for the landlord or they could take up a trade.

Besides be acquiring rid of their debt he allow them get down over. The rich still where rich and the hapless were still hapless nevertheless the hapless no longer belonged to the rich and no thirster could be made into slaves. This alone was a major betterment for the hapless and it did non ache the rich excessively much. Then by making a excess of grain within the county it encouraged the rich to be generous to the hapless and in bend they were able to derive favour for ballots.

Leting the hapless freedom and take downing their opportunity of hungering because of the rich giving off grain was an effectual manner of doing the hapless happy without taking the power from the rich.To further better the relation between the rich and the hapless now that the juries consisted largely of the hapless the rich had even more ground to be nice to them and seek and win their favour that manner if they were of all time in tribunal they would non hold to worry approximately vindictive hapless people. He besides lessened the ties between households and increased the ties between citizens by taking the dowry and holding hurts handled in tribunal alternatively of by your household.This farther encouraged handling people good rich or hapless because anyone could assist you in tribunal. So the rich who were good liked by the multitudes had favour for acquiring office. and in tribunal.

Two things which were valuable to them sing they already had a excess of wealths. I believe this was effectual in interrupting down ties between specific groups and promoting ties to the people as a whole. Both the rich and the hapless had something to derive from this new system over their old system.


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