Dickens’ and Bronte’s Definition of Class Essay

Peoples of the lower categories in Charles Dickens’ Oliver Twist and Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre have no manner of accomplishing higher position unless they come across a miracle. such as having a antecedently unknown heritage. This is shown in both the novels of Jane Eyre and Oliver Twist. Both of the chief characters grow up in similar state of affairss ; they are both orphans and because of that fact they are treated like they were felons from birth. Although Jane is better off than Oliver in the topographic points that she lives. they both go through some of the same emotions throughout the novels. Both Dickens and Bronte lived in the same clip period and their novels were published within 10 old ages of each other.

In their novels they show the England they perceived as one that is excessively obsessed with category. Neither of the writers agreed with this compulsion and criticized it in their ain ways. Dickens showed this by utilizing sarcastic comments when depicting the rich. and ( every bit good as Bronte ) characterized about all of the upper category as being immoral in one manner or another. They put the point across that merely because a individual is born hapless doesn’t make them any less intelligent. polite.

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or morally awkward.In the novel of Oliver Twist. Dickens describes that hapless people are merely as intelligent and good as the rich. it’s the manner the rich dainty them that forces the hapless to steal. Through out the novel he sets illustrations of how intelligent and good Oliver Twist is treated like an animate being merely because he is an orphan. One of many illustrations of this is Mrs. Sowerberry’s reaction when her hubby gets Oliver to come over to assist with the project concern and to populate with them.

She talks approximately Oliver as though he is an animate being. “I see no salvaging in parish kids. non I ; for they ever cost more to maintain than they are deserving. ” ( p30 )This subject is similar in Jane Eyre. Bronte shows that orphans. unless they have money. are viewed as the lowest category of a house clasp.

Jane encounters this throughout her childhood. it was foremost brought to her attending by Mrs. Reed who says.

“…you are less than a retainer. for you do nil for your support. ” ( p69 ) Like Oliver. Jane does nil to merit such a rough categorization. except for being born. They both try their best to follow the regulations and to be good people.Poor people fundamentally have two picks to populate in 19th century England as shown in Oliver Twist they could populate on the streets by imploring and/or stealing.

finally being put into gaol or to decease because of the anti imploring Torahs and rough punishments for stealing. The other pick the hapless have is to work in the workhouses for no money. scarce nutrient. and hapless intervention. Upper category England created these workhouses to break the lower category by learning them to be low. have subject and good ethical motives. Ironically the workhouses created merely the same thing they intended to acquire rid of.

felons. The nutrient was so scarce that it forced them to steal and contend. and the intervention of the kids were so bad it made them alienated from normal society.

Bronte describes the same attitude of the upper category while Jane is at Lowood. though it is non every bit utmost as the workhouses Dickens negotiations of.The misss of Lowood were all orphans and because of that they evidently had to be corrected for they were of course traveling to turn into bad people. So Mr. Brockelhurst thought that good ethical motives come from no nutrient. plainness. deficiency of necessities and changeless humiliation.

This produced an “every adult male for themselves” society among the misss when the module was gone. The older misss got to be the closest to the fire when it was cold. and when of all time they had a opportunity they would take nutrient from the younger. weaker misss. “From this lack of nutriment resulted an maltreatment. which pressed barely on the younger students: when of all time the ravenous great misss had an chance. they would wheedle or endanger the small 1s out of their part. ” ( JE BV p122 ) If things had non changed for the better in that school Jane may hold become a really different individual than she turned out to be.

Though both Jane and Oliver are supposed to be immoral and no good orphans in 19th century England’s eyes. they have the highest set of ethical motives than any other individual in their narratives. Oliver ne’er wants to steal from anybody and ne’er starts a battle unless his household is concerned. Even though all of the people he hung out with were stealers he merely couldn’t do it. stealing horrified him and he wanted no portion in it. Jane refuses to get married Rochester because she believes it to be incorrect to crouch herself down to a kept woman.

She besides thinks it is incorrect to get married for money and non love. Jane shows this by turning down St James although he has a high standing in society. she feels he is a wicked adult male and would non be happy if she were to get married such a adult male.The immoral people in both novels.

are the upper category who believe themselves to be better than the chief characters. Mr. Bumble. for illustration.

marries Mrs. Corney because of her wealth and nil to make with her as a individual. When he came to chat up with her he checked around her flat for expensive things that would separate her as wealthy. “He opened the cupboard. counted the tea-spoons. weighed the sugar-tongs.

closely inspected a silver milk-pot to determine that it was of the echt metal…and distributing himself before the fire with his dorsum towards it. seemed to be mentally engaged in taking an exact stock list of the furniture” ( p185 ) To do the state of affairs even more dry. Mrs. Corney is merely affluent because she stole the money for the hapless people’s nutrient and vesture and kept it for herself.She jokes about how the cats have a better life than those of the people she looks after.

By the terminal of the narrative the twosome is described as suffering. In the novel of Jane Eyre. Mr. Brockelhurst is supposed to be a spiritual and moral adult male. but he deprives the kids of nutrient and vesture to profit his ain pocket.

He is a dissembler besides for illustration. he tells a miss with curly hair to acquire it cut off. when his ain girl has the same sort of curly hair. His attitude and the attitudes of other in-between upper category people are all the same of that clip. They think that they deserve to hold the curly hair and the excess money at the disbursal of the hapless. because they are physically and divinely better than them.

Though all of this unfairness is go oning to the hapless. they have no manner to contend back. They don’t even hold rights in tribunal houses. When Oliver is brought to test for choice pocketing. the justice. Mr. Fang. sentences Oliver even though there is no difficult grounds and a testimony stating he is guiltless.

Oliver can non even speak in his ain defence. partially because he is so tired and hungry and party because the magistrate wouldn’t give him the opportunity to. If the book keeper had non demanded to talk in Oliver’s defence. Oliver would hold certainly died. When Jane was populating with her aunt she had no say at all in what was done with her.

She could be beat by John Reed and tormented by her aunt Reed and she would had to take it.Marriage and category is a topic that both Bronte and Dickens speak of. They both believe that the English tradition of get marrieding for money and position were absurd and that get marrieding for love was the true manner to happieness.

This is exhibited in many illustrations in Oliver Twist. For one. Oliver is born out of true love and he turns out to be a good male child and ever makes moral determinations. Oliver’s half brother.

Monks was born of a fixed. loveless. fiscal matrimony. and he turned out to be evil and arch his whole life. Dickens besides describes the love between Rose and Harry.The people of England were so critical on who one married.

that Rose didn’t want to get married Harry because she felt that people would believe that she slept with him before matrimony merely to acquire his money and that Harry would be shunned by his equals for get marrieding her. When they eventually did marry. they were really happy with each other. As opposed to Bumble’s matrimony which turned out to be suffering for him and his married woman. Jane ends up get marrieding Rochester out of love instead than St James for money and position. But she was more comfy in get marrieding him when that she got her money because she felt like an equal to him. instead than a retainer.Devils and Bronte touch on the same topics through out their novels and have a batch of the same position points.

The clip that they wrote was one of utmost pettiness and inhuman treatment. It would be safe to state that both writers wrote for different grounds than merely to entertain. Points were made about the absurdness of matrimony. of being “born” into godly upper or lower category. and of atrocious ways worlds treated each other merely because they thought they were better. Both novels had the few good people that helped out Oliver and Jane so that they could acquire by in life long plenty to have their long lost heritage. These books show that hapless people are equal to the rich 1s in intelligence.

moral values. and niceness. They besides made apparent that the manner society was running in those yearss was aching manner excessively many good people of England.


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