1. Yes, affirmative action is morally defensible in a sense that; South Africa has been characterized by many years of workplace inequalities and imbalances of the past, particularly blacks who were treated in an inhuman manner. The new democratic government introduced and legislate the affirmative action to eliminate all forms of discrimination. Since blacks were given certain jobs and skills were reserved for white minority in some sectors of the economy, thereby robbing our economy of its potential and productivity.
The introduction of the affirmative action policy uncovered skills and talent. The old government created division between black and white communities. The introduction of affirmative action policy assisted in closing that gap and improves the conditions at the workplace. Therefore the policy allowed companies and government to utilize all people to the maximum potential and created improved communication between organized labor and management. 2. The country which successfully implemented the policy of affirmative action is South Africa.
The new government realized that introduction of this policy can be very useful tool to help create diversity in the workplace. The policy succeed because companies and government saw the need to select and hire people not on the basis of race but on the actual qualifications that make a person suitable for the position in the company. Since the introduction of this policy many black people are hired on the positions that were only occupied by white people before. The government also introduces the gender equality which is one of the tools which makes affirmative action policy to be successful.
Since the introduction of this policy the department of labor has made sure that there is no discrimination on selecting and hiring people. 3. The South African government choose to implement this policy and act because, they were only various group of people who were discriminated against and it resultant in lack of access to resources, education etc. Before the implementation of this policy, it was the black people (Africans, coloreds and Indians) who were most deprived in terms of access to resources and the wealth was entrenched in the hands of whites.
People were only employed to the higher positions according to their colors and not to their qualifications. They were jobs that were only given according to the gender of a person not to their qualifications. People were also discriminated if they were found to have some life time diseases like (HIV-AIDS). And those are some of the reasons why the new government has implemented the affirmative action policy and act. So considering all of this point’s affirmative action is justifiable. 4. Yes, in my opinion there is a need to discontinue the policy in a certain length of time.
This policy has helped a lot of previously disadvantaged and oppressed people. In an old government people were employed according to their race and gender but this day’s people are only employed according to their qualifications and skills. The apartheid policies do not exist anymore, because man and woman are now employed to do the same jobs. Now days we have woman who hold the executive positions and others are the owners of the companies which were rare to find in the apartheid government.
People with different race can now share the same facilities without any discrimination. Students can now attend any school of their choice regardless of their color of the skin. So in a few years to come the will be no need to continue with affirmative action policy. 5. People from different racial groups are unemployable in certain sectors of the economy because those people they were not exposed in lots of things among the sectors. Many people from different racial groups lack the right skills and qualifications in order for them to be employed in other sectors.
In the old government racial group like black people were regarded as people who don’t have shareholders equity, people who are producers and consumers but not owners. That is the reason why most of this racial group (black people) does not have enough capital for investments, so it is not easy for other racial groups to hold the shareholders positions or to be employed in the executive positions. In the other hand the other racial group like white people they find it difficult to be employed as laborers because in the olden days white people were the ones who hired laborers not work as laborers.
This racial group (white people) is more employable in many sectors because their background is good. They were able to go to great schools, have good working skills and they were trained to be leaders and owners. So, they are the ones who are employed in many different sectors. Section B Essay Cultivating an equal opportunity has helped countries such as South Africa and America to move forward because introducing the tools like affirmative action and gender equality has helped in bringing equal opportunity in the society.
You can define equal opportunities as advance to a better life, a long overdue chance to come into their own and start enjoying the good things the country has to offer. In the old government apartheid was seen as meat for some and poison for others, but the equal opportunities means that what is good for majority can and should be good for minority as well depending on the involvement of both in the process. Equal opportunity is an important tool to provide qualified individuals with equal access to educational and professional opportunities they would otherwise have been denied despite their strong qualifications.
These policies make certain that all South Africans and Americans are considered fairly and equally for jobs and educational opportunities We were living in the country that was ruled by apartheid. People were treated according to their gender and race. The new government or equal opportunity has brought non-racial and non-sexist democracy that we believe in and for which so many has gave so much for. The non-racial and non-sexist is based on the fundamental ideas of equal citizenship and non-discrimination.
And that is the reason why we can now regard ourselves simply as proudly South African, celebrating and even glorying in the diversity of our culture, background and life experiences. South Africa has moved forward because now we can speak all our official languages freely unlike before when you were only regarded as human being if you speak Afrikaans only. Equal opportunity remedies past discrimination, fights present-day discrimination, and promotes diversity in our society.
The U. S. Supreme Court agrees equal opportunity is necessary, because “in order to cultivate a set of leaders with legitimacy in the eyes of the citizenry, it is necessary that the path to leadership be visibly open to talented and qualified individuals of every race and ethnicity Equal opportunities in America has helped a lot of African American class to grow and enabled woman to advance their professional careers.
Both South Africa and America has moved forward because every person has the right to equality before the law and to equal protection by the law. There is no person who is unfairly discriminated against directly or indirectly. Cultivating an equal opportunity helped country like South Africa to move forward since the government policies have decided to address the often interrelated problems of inequality, poverty and unemployment.
Government initiatives on equal opportunity society have included the growth of employment and redistribution program. The broad-based black economic employment becomes increasingly when government aims to address the problem of inequality by trying to redistribute gains from economic growth. South Africa has become one nation with one future. We are now living together under the constitution in peace. There is security, prosperity, opportunities and recognition for the entire rainbow nation after the implementation of equal opportunities society.
Equal opportunity helped to combat racist individuals in positions of power to change their attitudes towards the less advantaged people. The issue of poverty is now affecting anyone else unlike in the olden days when poverty was only affecting black people only. My basic idea of equal opportunity has made sure that everyone, regardless of race and gender get the opportunity to have the same great education so that when they graduate from high school or college, they all have the same opportunities as the people who got the same education as they did.
If you want to look at it from an economic perspective, this is good for competition and growth. If there are more highly educated individuals, you will see a growth in innovation, but also an increase in productivity and a decrease in production costs. Equal opportunity ensures that colleges and universities can identify and attract outstanding individuals from historically underrepresented groups. The diversity of our college campuses is critical to the future strength of our society and our economy.
Colleges have always admitted students based upon a wide range of criteria that includes extracurricular activities and life experiences, as well as quantitative measures such as test scores. Diversity on college campuses improves the learning process for all students — male and female, regardless of race or gender. Equal opportunity ensures that an applicant’s full background and life experience can be considered as part of an admissions decision