Essay

Date: 15/10/17 Research and referencing By Azim Ali Siddique (141762)  Technology  Technology is indeed a big part of our society and our foreseeable future. There is little room for people that wish to live without technology, and luckily, it is still advancing at an exponential rate.

I believe that for every positivity that it brings us, at the same time it. (Kennedy, 2002) “Humanity is acquiring all the right technology for all the wrong reasons.” (Fuller, 2017)  Technology has allowed us to shape the future. It has allowed us to make our countries feel safer and secure. They have also made our lives much easier but at the same time, it has also affected our lives in a negative way. Some view technology as a doorway towards great evil. Others generally view technology as a doorway towards a safer environment. While cars serve its purpose of being technologically safe and advanced, people don’t have to rely on train or planes in order for them to go where they want to.

At the same time and instant, vehicles of all forms on our roads are polluting the atmosphere and are slowly killing the earth’s atmosphere. They are the main reason for the cause of global warming around the world. These vehicles and their pollutants do not allow Earths heat to escape. Electric cars like Tesla are even powered by electricity generated by fossil fuels.

 Advances in technology have brought us cars, online banking, smart cars, smart TVs, super computers, and virtual reality. However, they also brought us cyber warfare, hackers, identity theft, cyber stalking, and a host of other bad things (Greenfield, 2015). Also, people started getting lazy and more ignorant.

Long gone are the days when people were flocking to the library – if only to do some research for a school assignment. Nowadays, one can find everything on the Internet. Instead of playing some football or having a fun snowball fight, children are playing video games for hours.  Technology has certainly taken us to Mars, I agree to that. Fraudsters and criminals can no longer go unpunished due to innovative technologies that help criminal investigators find the culprits.

Thousands of lives are saved each year by the latest medical technologies. There is no question about it: technology is an integral part of our daily lives. A necessity (Kennedy, 2017). In the end, I would conclude that it all really comes to your intention of using today’s technology.

You can find technology literally everywhere. From mobile computer chips to space shuttles, technology has taken over the world. But how you use technology, depends on you. The technology was designed to make our lives easier. From exchanging information at the speed of light to have information available in the blink of an eye. But it should never be replaced by walking, socializing, reading and physical Training.Campbell once famously said in his book, “Computers are like old testament Gods; lots of rules and no mercy” (Campbell, 1991)    Sources  Different sources of information can be used in order to verify its authenticity.

An academic textbook might be easier to access and may come with in-depth coverage of information but they tend to get quickly out of date. The quality of indexing varies and it is time-consuming to read and scan all the heavy books and pages.  Internet, on the other hand is very up-to-date.

It always has valuable and unique information and people can have access to it 24/7. But the problem with such a source is that it is hard to validate because there is no central directory. No quality guarantee.  Journals are really good to consider as an alternative as they have a more structured abstract with comments from independent experts with critically appraised evidence for validity but they are quite brief. They mostly consist of summaries and do not really cover a wide range of topics. Educational value can be gained by reading a newspaper. It is a really good habit. It carries all sorts of information.

From economics to finance, sports, e-sports, entertainment, business, industry, trade, and commerce. This habit will not only build up your knowledge about general information but it will also improve your language vocabulary and communicating skills. At the same time, newspapers also contain unwanted information.  Different Referencing Systems  Different types of referencing systems are used to cite sources. There are many reasons why we must cite sources. One of the most important reason is to give the credit where the credit is due.

If you decide to use someone else’s research and information or work to help yourself with an assignment or a project, it is important to acknowledge the creator of the work. This is one of many ways to prevent plagiarism.APA style is commonly used in Education, Business, and some Social Sciences and Humanities disciplines. MLA style is often used in English and Media Studies. Oxford style is often used in History, Philosophy, and Classics.

Harvard and Chicago’s styles are used by some individual and researchers.  Below are a brief description and examples of two such referencing systems. APA Style Referencing is used by many researchers and scholars in the behavior and social sciences and psychology.

APA Style is a way to format citations. As mentioned, there are many other citation formats such as Chicago, MLA, but APA is most popular in the science fields. Following the same standard for citations allows readers to understand the types of sources used in a project and also understand their components. There are two types of citations in APA. In-text citations are found in the body of the assignment, project and are used when adding a direct quote or paraphrase into your work. Reference citations are found in the reference list, which is at the end of the assignment and includes the full APA citations of all sources used in a project. Most citations include the following pieces of information, commonly in the following order. Author’s Last name, First Initial.

(Date published). Title of Source. Location of Publisher: Publisher. Retrieved from URL  The Chicago Style was created to help individuals and researchers properly cite their sources. There are two types of referencing styles in Chicago.

Notes and Bibliography and. Author-Date. When citing a book in Chicago style, you usually have to include the author’s name, the title of the book, publisher city, publisher name, and the year of publication.

Below is an example. Last Name, First Name. Title of book in italics.

Edition Number. Publication location: Publisher name, Year of publication.   Implications of copyright regulations for secondary research and information seeking  As a project researcher, you are more than likely to want to scan, photocopy or download information from online sources or books, journals and web resources to support your assignments or research data. You may also want to include this material in your thesis or when publishing your research.

This material will almost certainly be covered by copyright and under UK law there are limits to what you can legally copy and reuse. The work you produce and publish will also be protected by copyright. Even the material that you use for research purposes may be subject to UK Copyright law. It does limit the amount of data you can copy legally. This falls under the category of ‘fair use’. The idea behind it is only that copyright can be restrictive depending on your intent. Fair use allows quotations or experts to be used especially if that work has been made available to the public but the use must be deemed acceptable, the quoted material must be justified and no more than necessary.

  Usually, the author’s of a journal article or academic work retain copyright to their work. If this work has been published in a journal or in book format by a publisher, the publication agreement may have granted the publishing company involved exclusive rights to disseminate the material. If that is the case, even the original author of the article would not be able to freely distribute or copy their work without the publisher’s permission (Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988). The same goes for DVD, CD, Books etc.

Just by buying this material does not give you the right to make copies of it, whether it be for research purposes or even for private use. It restricts you from copying and distributing the data. You would still need to get the copyright owner’s permission. If you choose to use an article or a book etc. for research, it is important to reference all the work correctly.

In the case of failing to reference your work, the company owner can open a legal case against you which could result in either a minimum of 10 years imprisonment or a fine of up-to fifty-thousand pounds.  Bibliography  “Humanity is acquiring all the right technology for all the wrong reasons.” BUCKMINSTER, R. R.

Buckminster Fuller Quote (Buckminster, 2017, Buckminster, R. (2017). R. Buckminster Fuller Quotes.

[online] BrainyQuote. Available at: https://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/r/rbuckmins100117.

html [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017].  “All of the biggest technological inventions created by man – the airplane, the automobile, the computer – says little about his intelligence, but speaks volumes about his laziness.” – Mark Kennedy (Author) [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017].   “Technology can be our best friend, and technology can also be the biggest party pooper of our lives. It interrupts our own story, interrupts our ability to have a thought or a daydream, to imagine something wonderful, because we’re too busy bridging the walk from the cafeteria back to the office on the cell phone” – Steven Spielberg Spielberg in the Steven Spielberg WIRED, S.

(2002). Spielberg in the Twilight Zone. [online] WIRED. Available at: https://www.wired.com/2002/06/spielberg/ [Accessed 15 Oct. 2017].  “We could be raising a hedonistic generation who live only in the thrill of the computer-generated moment, and are in distinct danger of detaching themselves from what the rest of us would consider the real world.

” Susan Greenfield  Modern technology is changing the way our brains work  Your Bibliography: Greenfield, S. (2015). Modern technology is changing the way our brains work. Daily Mail.

Available at: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-565207/Modern-technology-changing-way-brains-work-says-neuroscientist.html#ixzz4uUdDQOqL [Accessed 3 Oct.

2017].    Campbell, J., 1991. The Power of Myth. Anchor Books, d.a.

03/10/17 ISBN 0-385-41886-8 Joint guidelines to copyright and academic research: guidelines for researchers and publishers in the humanities and social sciences. British Academy and the Publishers Association, April 2008 – http://www.britac.ac.uk/policy/joint-copyright-guide.cfm  Copyright: Basic facts Intellectual Property Office – February 2010 – http://www.ipo.gov.uk/c-basicfacts.pdf Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 – http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1988/48/contents        

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