Evaluation of Walgreens Company Sample Essay

Gregory D. Wasson is the president of Walgreens. and CEO effectual since February 1. 2009. Wasson joined the company as a pharmaceutics houseman in 1980 while go toing Purdue University’s school of pharmaceutics. and managed shops in the Houston country before being promoted to a territory director place in 1986. Wasson was promoted to a regional frailty president of the shop operations division in 1999. In 2001. he was promoted once more to Walgreens frailty president and made an executive frailty president of Walgreens Health Initiatives. the company’s pharmaceutics benefit director ( PBM ) . Wasson was promoted to president of Walgreens Health Initiatives in 2002. Walgreens senior frailty president in 2004 and to a Walgreens executive frailty president in 2005. He was named president and head runing officer of Walgreens in
2007. Following the going of Jeff Rein from the place of CEO. Wasson was chosen as the new officer after a countrywide hunt for campaigners. the first including external possibilities.

He sits on the Board of Directors of the Consumer Goods Forum. Wasson. 54. standard compensation valued at approximately $ 12 million for the financial twelvemonth that ended Aug. 31. harmonizing to the Deerfield. Ill. . company’s one-year placeholder statement filed Monday. That represented a 1 per centum bead compared to financial 2011. Wasson. who became CEO in 2009. received a $ 1. 3 million wage. which represented an 8 per centum addition from the old twelvemonth. The executive besides received a performance-related fillip of $ 1. 2 million that was 57 per centum smaller than the old twelvemonth. Stock and option awards totaled $ 8. 9 million in the late completed financial twelvemonth. The CEO besides received $ 657. 304 in other compensation. harmonizing to the placeholder. That consisted mostly of an executive deferred net income sharing program and dividend equivalents on unvested restricted stock. CEO. Mr. Gregory D. Wasson R. pH. presently posses 332. 814 portions. He besides posses following stock options:

In Walgreens board of managers there are two inside managers which is acceptable ratio. Best pattern recommends at least ? of board members should be independent which is in instance of Walgreens satisfied. From other indexs of deficiency of independency there is merely concern relationship issue because Nancy M. Schlichting. President and Chief Executive Officer. Henry Ford Health is client of the Walgreens Co. Besides Stefano Pessina. Executive Chairman. Alliance Boots GmbHis client of the company and his company is in the joint ventures with Walgreens in Europe. Besides he is one of the major direct portion holders of the company. Having one major portion holder in board of managers is by and large good because he has large involvement to stand for involvement of the stockholders in the board. We didn’t happen that any of the board members were employed with the company in the past and meshing directorship is non found neither. There is three female board members which is really good figure taking the highest figure of females in the board in merely twosome of USA companies is four.

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How much trading volume is at that place on the stock?
AvgVol ( 3 month ) : | 6. 476. 330|
AvgVol ( 10 twenty-four hours ) : | 7. 636. 960|

Does the house has any has publically traded debt?

Social restraint
hypertext transfer protocol: //www. walgreens. com/topic/sr/social_responsibility_home. jsp Liquidity ratios
Net working capital = Total Current Assets – Total Current Liabilities = 12. 322 – 8. 083 = 4. 239 Net working capital / entire gross revenues = 4. 239 / 72. 184 = 5. 8 %

The figure one ground most people look at a balance sheet is to happen out a company’s working capital ( or “current” ) place. It reveals more about the fiscal status of a concern than about any other computation. It tells you what would be left if a company raised all of its short term resources. and used them to pay off its short term liabilities. The more on the job capital. the less fiscal strain a company experiences. By analyzing a company’s place. you can clearly see if it has the resources necessary to spread out internally or if it will hold to turn to a bank and take on debt. Since the retail industry norm is 4. 44 % WAG is good above norm. Current ratio = current assets / current liabilities = 12. 322 / 8. 083 = 1. 52 The current ratio is another trial of a company’s fiscal strength. It calculates how many dollars in assets are likely to be converted to hard currency within one twelvemonth in order to pay debts that come due during the same twelvemonth. For most industrial companies. 1. 5 is an acceptable current ratio.

As the figure attacks or falls below 1 ( which means the company has a negative on the job capital ) . you will necessitate to take a close expression at the concern and do certain there are no liquidness issues. Quick ratio = ( current assets-inventory ) / current liabilities = ( 12. 322-8. 044 ) / 8. 083 = 0. 53 An index of a company’s short-run liquidness. The speedy ratio measures a company’s ability to run into its short-run duties with its most liquid assets. The higher the speedy ratio. the better the place of the company. it measures the ability of the mean company to come up with cold. difficult hard currency literally in a affair of hours or yearss. Since the retail industry norm is 0. 15 WAG is good above norm. Average aggregation period = Histories receivables / ( gross / 360 ) = 2. 497 72. 184 / 360 ) = 12. 48 The approximative sum of clip that it takes for a concern to have payments owed. in footings of receivables. from its clients and clients. Profitability Analysis ratios

Tax return on assets = net income / entire assets = 2. 714 / 27. 454 = 9. 8 % An index of how profitable a company is comparative to its entire assets. ROA gives an thought as to how efficient direction is at utilizing its assets to bring forth net incomes. Since the drug shop industry norm is 4. 1 % WAG is good above norm. Tax return on Equity = Net Income / Shareholder’s Equity = 2. 714 / 14. 847 = 18. 3 % The sum of net income returned as a per centum of stockholders equity. Return on equity measures a corporation’s profitableness by uncovering how much net income a company generates with the money stockholders have invested. Since the drug shop industry norm is 10. 1 % WAG is good above norm. Tax return on grosss = net income / entire gross = 2. 714 / 72. 184 = 3. 7 %

A step of a corporation’s profitableness that compares net income to gross. Return on gross is calculated by spliting net income by gross. Since the drug shop industry norm is 2. 3 % WAG is good above norm. Tax return on entire capital employed= EBIT / ( entire assets – current liabilities ) = 4. 294 / ( 27. 454-8. 083 ) = 22 % A ratio that indicates the efficiency and profitableness of a company’s capital investings. ROCE should ever be higher than the rate at which the company borrows. otherwise any addition in borrowing will cut down shareholders’ net incomes. With this ratio WAG is far above borrowing rate. Net income border = net income / gross revenues = 2. 714 / 72. 184 = 3. 7 %

A ratio of profitableness calculated as net income divided by grosss. or net income divided by gross revenues. It measures how much out of every dollar of gross revenues a company really keeps in net incomes. Since the drug shop industry norm is 2. 6 % WAG is good above norm. Net incomes per portion = net income / figure of common portions outstanding = 2. 714 / 915. 1 = 2. 9 $ The part of a company’s net income allocated to each outstanding portion of common stock. Net incomes per portion serves as an index of a company’s profitableness. Since the drug shop industry norm is 0. 76 $ WAG is good above norm. Activity analyses ratios

Assetss Turnover Ratio = gross revenues / entire assets = 72. 184 / 27. 454 = 2. 62 The sum of gross revenues generated for every dollar’s worth of assets. Asset turnover measures a firm’s efficiency at utilizing its assets in bring forthing gross revenues or gross – the higher the figure the better. It besides indicates pricing scheme: companies with low net income borders tend to hold high plus turnover. while those with high net income borders have low plus turnover. Inventory turnover ratio = gross revenues / stock list = 72. 184 / 8. 044 = 8. 97 A ratio demoing how many times a company’s stock list is sold and replaced over a period. A low turnover implies hapless gross revenues and. hence. extra stock list. A high ratio implies either strong gross revenues or uneffective purchasing. High stock list degrees are unhealthy because they represent an investing with a rate of return of nothing. It besides opens the company up to problem should monetary values get down to fall. Inventory / gross revenues = 11. 1 %

The Inventory To Gross saless ratio measures the per centum of Inventories the company presently has on manus to back up the current sum of Net Gross saless. An increasing Inventory to Gross saless ratio is by and large a negative mark. demoing the company may be holding problem maintaining stock list down and/or Net Gross saless have slowed. This frequently indicates larger fiscal jobs the company may be confronting. Industry norm in retail industry in general is 10. 82 % and WAG is somewhat above norm but that can be attributed to the particulars of the retail drug industry. Capital Structure Analysis Ratios

Interest Coverage Ratio = EBIT / involvement disbursal = 4. 294 / 88 = 39. 36 A ratio used to find how easy a company can pay involvement on outstanding debt. The lower the ratio. the more the company is burdened by debt disbursal. When a company’s involvement coverage ratio is 1. 5 or lower. its ability to run into involvement disbursals may be questionable. An involvement coverage ratio below 1 indicates the company is non bring forthing sufficient grosss to fulfill involvement disbursals. Debt / equity ratio = sum non current liabilities / equity = 4. 524 / 14. 847 = 0. 30 Optimum debt-to-equity ratio is considered to be about 1. i. e. liabilities = equity. but the ratio is really industry particular because it depends on the proportion of current and non-current assets.

The more non-current the assets ( as in the capital-intensive industries ) . the more equity is required to finance these long term investings. For most companies the maximal acceptable debt-to-equity ratio is 1. 5-2 and less. For big public companies the debt-to-equity ratio may be much more than 2. but for most little and medium companies it is non acceptable. US companies show the mean debt-to-equity ratio at approximately 1. 5 ( it’s typical for other states excessively ) . In general. a high debt-to-equity ratio indicates that a company may non be able to bring forth adequate hard currency to fulfill its debt duties. However. a low debt-to-equity ratio may besides bespeak that a company is non taking advantage of the increased net incomes that fiscal purchase may convey. Capital Market Analysis Ratios

Price Net incomes Ratio=market monetary value of common stock per portion / net incomes per portion = 37. 94* / 2. 9 = 13. 08 A rating ratio of a company’s current portion monetary value compared to its per-share net incomes. Consequences of this ratio is reasonably high so investors can anticipate high net incomes. *Last 52 hebdomads mean

Overall hazard of company

The annual returns in graph show immense volatility in returns. The graph shows hazard that would investors face if they had invested in Walgreens stock in the period from January the first of 2007 to December of 2011. Looking at the drumhead statistics mean return monthly was -0. 06 what would intend that overall monetary value of portions has fallen. If looking at annual footing one-year return on stocks was -0. 71 % . From graph we can see that return on stocks was highest in September of 2009 ( with return of 24. 61 % ) . and lowest in October of 2010 ( with return of -17. 78 % ) . Although that overall stock monetary value had somewhat decreased dividend payment has risen from $ 0. 078 in 2007 to $ 0. 225 in 2011. Annualized standard divergence and annualized discrepancy for that period where high. in peculiar criterion divergence for that period was 28. 70 % and discrepancy was 344. 45 % . From this we can reason that in this period there was immense volatility on the market. But to measure the hazard of the company better we have to compare it with the industry to see the tendencies in overall market.

Fringy investors in the company
Number of outstanding portions Walgreens C. O. has is 944. 055. 000. Percentage of stock held by institutional investors is about 67 % of overall stocks. Top institutional holder s in Walgreens C. O. are domestic discoverers. The biggest institutional holder in the company is Vanguard Group and their nucleus concern are investings.

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Estimate the default hazard and cost of debt of your company
“The default hazard of a house is a map of its capacity to bring forth hard currency flows from operations and its fiscal duties – including involvement and chief payments” . Default hazard is of import for borrowers because they want to minimise the hazard of borrowing. In corporate universe appraisal of default hazard had been solved by evaluation bureaus such as Standard and Poor’s and Moody. As appraisal of default hazard of Walgreens. Co. we have used corporate bond evaluation. Our company was rated as BBB and harmonizing to S & A ; P it means: “Has equal capacity to refund. but inauspicious economic conditions or fortunes are more likely to take to risk” We can reason that hazard in puting in our company is medium. As our company has issued bonds we took output to adulthood of 2. 14 % as a per centum of the cost of debt. Weights of debt and equity

To gauge the weights of debt and equity we have used market value of portions outstanding and multiplied it with the monetary value of a portion. As market value of debt was hard to measure we have used book value of debt. Walgreens has 944. 055. 000 portions outstanding with the monetary value of $ 32. 80. in other words sum of equity is $ 30. 92 measure. Amount of book value of debt in our company is calculated by summing long term debt of $ 4. 07 measure. and short term debt of $ 1. 32 measure. which in sum is $ 5. 39 measure. Arrested development

The intercept of the arrested development provides a simple step of public presentation during the period of the arrested development. We will utilize intercept to cipher how did stock preformed during 5 twelvemonth period compared to the market. Furthermore. Jensen’s alpha will be the theoretical account for measuring the public presentation. To go on it is of import to advert that we will split T-bond rate in period from 2007-2011 with per centum of 3. 05 % yearly with 12 months. so we could acquire monthly hazard free rate of 0. 254 % which we will utilize in our Jensen’s Alpha theoretical account.

To transport on. it is indispensable to explicate arrested development theoretical account that we had got on the base of five twelvemonth period. Intercept was 0. 002 when calculated with Jensen’s Alpha theoretical account it shows us that Walgreens did 0. 205 % better so market based on monthly returns and 2. 49 % based on one-year extra returns. Even though our one-year extra return was 2. 49 % our company has underperformed market when compared with other houses in industry. As we can se from the tabular array firm’s specific Alpha for industry of pharmaceutics services was 8. 24 % Using Jensen’s Alpha theoretical account we have come to the cocnlusion that our company has underpreformed market adjusted for the hazard during that specific period. In other words our rivals did better in mean so our company.

Slope of our arrested development was 1. 020 and that means that our company has hazard similar to market. For illustration if there is an little betterment on market for 1 % that means that our stock will lift for 1. 02 % . but because this arrested development theoretical account is based on 5 twelvemonth clip we can non take this beta as some relevant calculator of hazard. If we want realistic betas we should establish our appraisal on a much longer period. Our adjusted R2 simple shows us the sum of firm’s market hazard. in other words 38 % per centum of companies risk is market hazard and it is non diversifiable.

WACC and CAPM
In appraisal of CAPM of company as a hazard free rate we have used U. S authorities bond. Our beta was taken form arrested development theoretical account that we have used and as a market premium we have used historical market premiums. Our CAPM is 7. 55 % and it means that the directors of company are obliged to do this rate of return to the investors.

The leaden mean cost of capital ( WACC ) is defined as the leaden norm of the costs of the different constituents of funding used by a house. First we should explicate what are the inputs for the theoretical account and how did we obtained the informations. Market value of equity we have calculated by multiplying the figure of portions outstanding 944. 055. 000 with monetary value of the portion. Book value of debt was obtained from balance sheet of the company. Tax rate for company was 37 % harmonizing to Damodoran. As a cost of debt we have used output on Walgreens long term bond. Using the expression for WACC we have calculated that leaden mean cost of capital is 6. 62 % .

Measuring the firm?s current investing
As it is hard to come to information about current investings of a company in this chapter we will merely cipher Return on equity ( ROE ) and Return on capital ( ROC ) and compare them to WACC and CAMP. To get down with we will cipher ROE. To buttockss ROE we need to split net income with book value of equity. ROE=net incomebook value of equity

ROE=net incomebook value of equity

Net income for August in twelvemonth 2012 harmonizing to yahoo finance was $ 2. 12 in 1000000s and book value of equity was $ 18. 26 in 1000000s. When calculated our ROE is 11. 65 % . Comparing it to the cost of equity 7. 55 % we can see that there is important difference of 4. 1 % .

ROC=EBIT ( 1-tBook value of debt+book value of equity-cash ROC=EBIT ( 1-tBook value of debt+book value of equity-cash

All informations for ROC where obtained from the fiscal statements from yokel finance. ROC was 9. 76 % and compared with our WACC of of 6. 62 % . Therefore the difference is 3. 14 % .

Choice of the optimum funding mix

Exhibit # 1
An of import factor for any concern constitution is to minimise its funding cost and do certain that they are in copiousness in order for the house to be able to run into and set about all the undertakings that are holding positive NPV. In the current economic conditions. many of the Bankss in the US are shortening their line of recognition to many concerns that are holding. or are expected to hold problems refunding their duties. In the scenario that we can detect on exhibit # 1 it is assumed that with the current

Exhibit # 2
fiscal indexs the company is holding in exhibit # 2. Walgreens has the lowest leaden mean cost of capital when the house has 51 % of its capital construction financed with debt. The company is presently holding truly low part of its funding coming from debt. around 11 % which is something typical for cyclical companies in the United States. US companies are sometimes loath of publishing debt. and WAG specifically has been paying off big ball of its debt duties during the last two old ages amounting to 3 billion dollars. This could be the fact given the pecuniary policy employed by the FED and the historical stone underside involvement rates in the United States. Many companies are buy backing their debt duties. in instances of callable bonds. and are reprinting at involvement rates that are non as income intensifier ( lower involvement rates ) .

Exhibits # 3 and # 4
Harmonizing to the industry norms. Walgreens is in the 42th percentile when it comes to debt. which means that there are many other companies that are lading on more debt and are making a lower WACC for their company. We can besides see on exhibit # 3 that at some points Walgreens had merely 6 % of its funding done through debt. This is decidedly non healthy for the investors because if the cost of undertakings and the return on equity or entire cost in general was higher. the concern would be adding higher sums of values to stockholders. We can reason from the ulterior observations that stockholders might hold to force the company to set about some more debt and maximise stockholder values. As we can see from the scenario enlisted under exhibit # 1. if the company is holding 51 % of its undertakings financed with debt. the cost of mean funding would be the lowest. There is decidedly a border for funding rate betterment.

Exhibit # 5
From exhibit # 5 we can see that the chief rival of Walgreens. CVS has been set abouting on more debt than the former which might be a better scheme given the lowest involvement rates known to the concern universe for a long clip. Analysiss of the current funding determinations

Walgreens is presently financing its operations with equity and some issue of bonds. Given the low debt to equity ratio. we can reason that direction prefers equity financing regardless of its higher demand on the operating income of the company. For companies that are extremely profitable. empirical information shows that they have truly low outstanding debt because net incomes and debt have negative correlativity. Basically the more company has as net incomes the more they put down on their debt funding. In the US. although on some occasions investors see add-on of debt as positive trait. direction seems to differ with the fact.

Looking through the eyes of the investors. some of them. the followings of the Inactive Trade-off theory seem to believe that merchandising off revenue enhancement nest eggs in favour of fiscal hurt is a better determination for Walgreens. This is the instance since the company is good established with a large market portion and a truly stable hard currency flow environment which predisposes for taking on higher debt and making the revenue enhancement tradeoff merely as in the instance with public-service corporation companies. Utility companies that are holding stable and easy determined free hard currency flows in the future take on more debt. The same paradigm should be used by Walgreens for the wellbeing of their investors.

Dividend Policy Evaluation
Question # 1- How much the house has returned

Exhibit # 1
When speaking dividend policy. one has to understand foremost the playfield the peculiar company is being portion of. Walgreen as a food market shop and a pharmacy/drug distributor is being one of the top three participants in the industry. 2nd to CVS. Given the nature of the industry. fight is truly high. and it seems that Walgreens has occupied and positioned itself in the high terminal of the lower category drug distributors which is a arrow stating that their concern scheme is to present good service at a low monetary value with high consistence borders. Walgreens has a non-cyclical concern rhythm. What that means is that the company does non depend or hold increased gross revenues during a peculiar season that deviate strongly for another season. Another factor of non-cyclicality is that even in times of deep recession or economic downswing the pharmaceuticss are still traveling to be selling merely every bit much drugs as in good times which is a sensitivity for stable hard currency flows. Having the later in head. stable hard currency flows lead to higher payout ratios which can be observed in Walgreens behaviour towards their dividend policy.

It is of import to advert that although the company has been out at that place for rather some clip. dividends had dramatic additions during the last 20 old ages because of the growing scheme the company was traveling after. Historically. Walgreens has been paying dividends. but as we can see on exhibit # 1. dividends have been steadily increasing during the last 5 old ages. This could be the instance given that the company is holding a batch of extra hard currency. or is seeking to signal. being an of import fiscal index. to investors its future optimistic fiscal place. Harmonizing to modern dividend policy. a company that has a steady addition in its dividend policy signals investors positive hereafter of their investings. Another instance for addition in the dividends paid and stock redemptions. which can besides be seen as a type of dividend. is that the WAG ( Walgreens ) has went in to the adulthood rhythm of its concern and is holding extra hard currency that is non being invested in other positive NPV undertaking.

We can from the hard currency flows of the company that this is non that instance given that monumental capital expenditures that the company is undergoing during the last few old ages: Walgreens still has a topographic point to turn and has non reached its adulthood point yet. This statement is besides supported by the decisions reached by executive direction in their investing relation statements published during the last twelvemonth. Coming back to exhibit # 1 once more. we can see that every bit EPS for the company is traveling up. the dividend output is besides traveling up. From the stock public presentation of the company we can see that although the house has been holding some though times during the last few old ages net incomes arebeing stable and make the benchmark for higher dividend. From the summarized information we can besides reason that in close future dividends are traveling to be at least every bit high as they are now: it is extremely likely that they are traveling to increase in the following 2-4 old ages because the CAPEX that was invested in one million millions is traveling to get down to pay off and make value for investors.

The payout ratio of the house seems consistent with the concern theoretical account employed and the corporate scheme given the nature of the concern environment. Besides. taking in to account that the concern is financing a batch of its undertakings from retained net incomes and common equity. higher payout ratio is non to be expected during the following few old ages. The company had announced a 2 billion of stock redemption plan that is about the expire at the beginning of 2013 and future developments in this scenario are non at manus taking us to believe that more redemptions ( in large sums ) are non to happen in close hereafter.

Exhibit # 3 and # 4
Traveling our attending to exhibit # 2 and # 3 we can see that although the per centum wise of dividend addition has been smooth to some extent. the hard currency equivalents are non stating the same narrative. A significant addition of 300+ 1000000s paid in hard currency out to shareholders in the signifier of dividends between the old ages of 2007-2012 gives us a pretty timeserving position of how good the company is making. Adding to the later. stock redemptions. in footings of hard currency spend consequently. has been besides in high sums. During old ages 2011-2012 entirely. the company has spent around 3 billion for stock redemptions and by the start of 2013 the figure is likely to turn to 4 billion. This could be another fiscal index for investors that direction believes the stock is undervalued and that is why they are implementing these plans to hold it bought back and reissued in a ulterior period.

It is safe to presume that the stock is non being bought off because of an unfriendly coup d’etat that is jeopardizing WAG’s liberty. Another interesting factor we can see from exhibit # 3 is that the company is holding high militias of hard currency on its fiscal statements. Harmonizing to recent studies of taking company analysts. holding extra hard currency reaffirms investors’ religion in to the concern one governs and helps pull more hazard inauspicious investors. We are non reasoning that this is the instance for Walgreens given our limited information and research sing the issue. but one should cognize that such a tendency exists out at that place for US companies and take it in to account when making company rating or investing determination.

Exhibit # 4
Turning our attending to exhibit # 4 we need to do some premise and continue measuring the information with some cautiousness. When seeking to roll up the information for this peculiar tabular array. we found it hard to happen all the fiscal information on one study. the SEC filing. and needed to deduce the Numberss from other beginnings. The ground was that depreciation disbursal was non listed on the fiscal statements filed with SEC. There is a little opportunity that we have non seen it. but irrespective of the fact the Numberss presented are coming from four different beginnings. When calculating the free hard currency flows to equity by utilizing the method underlined by our teacher in school. we are acquiring a consequence for free hard currency flows that seem non in line with the fiscal informations presented on the Walgreens investors relation study. The consequences for FCF have been presented following to our calculation and will be used in to the farther premise of our determinations since we assume the FCF computed by direction are more diligently done so ours.

Looking at the exhibit we can see that there have been exponential addition in the sums of working capital and alteration in debt. What this is stating us is that due to the CAPEX enlargements more on the job capital is needed to hold the concern operate in regular mode. It is of import besides to see that debt is being paid off in high sums taking to arrows that the company might believe it is paying a rate excessively high harmonizing to what it can presently borrow at.

This could be the instance because of the historically low involvement rates that the federal authorities of the US is seeking to keep in order to regenerate the economic system: the ulterior makes it easy for concern with bettering recognition evaluation to borrow and refinance their outstanding debt at stone underside rates. The connexion between all listed factors and dividends is that although the company is holding large capital outgos and debt wage offs. it is still being able to increase the dividends paid and able to keep a liquid plenty environment to carry on its concern without serious problems or operations hazard. By operation hazard. we mean that the operating hard currency flows are non low plenty to jeopardize the sustainability of the company. As we can see besides in the exhibit. net income is traveling up which is another fiscal index that direction is making something right.

Exhibit # 5
The decisions sing the distribution of the FCFE can be observer in exhibit # 5. We can see that during the last four old ages more and more of the free hard currency flows are being redirected to the owners/shareholders of the company. The company does non necessitate to borrow any financess in order to pay its dividends and they are wholly financed by internal hard currency that is being generated by the twenty-four hours to twenty-four hours activities the concern behavior. It might be a good thought for part of the dividends to be financed with debt though. This decision is based on the Pecking Order Theory which states that issue of debt is being seen by investors as positive factor and normally leads to higher portion monetary value. On another note. as being a profitable company. we can besides see that large sums of debt are being paid off. which is a great clip for fiscal restructuring and seting some excess debt on the company shoulders. The later can besides better some bureau issues. in theory. since we have non truly observed any in WAG. Distribution of dividends is non traveling to out-leg free hard currency flows to equity harmonizing to analysts’ projections in the following few old ages traveling in front. ceteris paribus.

Exhibit # 6
Comparing Walgreens to its major rivals. we can see that the company is drifting someplace in the center based on payout ratio and dividends yield. It should be taken in to account that Wal-Mart is non direct rival of Walgreens. but merely a portion of its concern is ( due to the fact that the pharmaceutics portion of Wal-Mart is non listed in a mode where information for this presentation can be extracted. we are generalising and taking the concluding Numberss of the company for comparative actions ) . Given the information in exhibit # 6. we can reason that with strong outputs on their dividends and comparatively higher payout ratios than rivals. Walgreens has a good fiscal status and dividend policy that is integral with the fiscal ends of the company. It is safe to presume and construct on the high dividend output of 2. 18 % that Walgreens has created an environment that enriches investors and adheres to the demands of these “clientele” that are dividend hungry.

Mention:

WAG one-year study for 2011.
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hypertext transfer protocol: //people. austere. nyu. edu/adamodar/New_Home_Page/datafile/wcdata. html hypertext transfer protocol: //beginnersinvest. about. com/od/analyzingabalancesheet/a/current-ratio. htm hypertext transfer protocol: //www. creditguru. com/ratios/inr. htm
hypertext transfer protocol: //money. cnn. com/magazines/fortune/global500/2009/performers/industries/profits/index. html hypertext transfer protocol: //people. austere. nyu. edu/adamodar/New_Home_Page/datafile/wcdata. html hypertext transfer protocol: //pages. austere. nyu. edu/~adamodar/


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[ 1 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 2 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 3 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //cxa. gtm. idmanagedsolutions. com/finra/bondcenter/QuickScreener. aspx? ShowResult=true & A ; BondType=Corporate & A ; Symbol=wag & A ; YieldMin= & A ; YieldMax= & A ; CouponMin= & A ; CouponMax= & A ; MaturityMin=5 & A ; MaturityMax=10 [ 4 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //www. New York Stock Exchange. com/about/listed/lcddata. hypertext markup language? ticker=WAG [ 5 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 6 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 7 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 8 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //pages. austere. nyu. edu/~adamodar/New_Home_Page/datafile/indreg. htm [ 9 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 10 ] . Damodoran A. . Applied Corporate Finance 2nd edition. 2004 [ 11 ] . hypertext transfer protocol: //cxa. gtm. idmanagedsolutions. com/finra/bondcenter/BondDetail. aspx? ID=OTMxNDIyQUU5

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