In the Philippines the executive section is the most indispensable nucleus of the authorities. Governance is accomplishable even without assembly or legislative assembly but governing with no executive is near impossible. The executive is headed by a president. it is a section of authorities charged with the disposal or execution of a policy or jurisprudence. In presidential system it is viewed as a weakling signifier of authorities in at least some Latin American states like Costa Rica. Chile and Venezuela.
In this states. it is argued that the place of the presidential term is ever challenged. Presidents to win in Latin American democracies must mobilise popular support non merely from the people but besides from other subdivisions of authorities. As one of the author concluded: “presidential regulation is non frequently equated with strong authorities. Effective executive power is about indispensable if democracy is to boom. yet the history of presidential democracies in Latin America has frequently been one of the immobilized executives.
Many strong work forces ended their callings as weak presidents” ( Mainwaring cited in Haque. 2001 ) . In the Philippines entirely. elected presidents have experienced trouble in party statute law. without acquiring political support among members of Congress. So most frequently. elected presidents would ever set up strong affair or following from members of the legislative subdivision to the extent of back uping and financing the campaigning of possible legislative spouses.
Still yet. the President is the most of import and influential leader of the state. The success of the province depends on how effectual the President has become in pull stringsing other subdivisions of authorities. albeit public unfavorable judgments and the intimidating presence of force per unit area or involvement groups. DIFFERENT BRANCHES OF THE PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT The construction of the Filipino authorities is divided into three subdivisions: the Legislative Department ( Article 6 ) ; the Executive Department ( Article 7 ) 7 ) ; and the Judicial Department ( Article 8 ) .
The Legislative Department was placed in front of the executive section because it is the depository of the people’s sovereignty. It is composed of the Senate. which is the Upper House and Congress. being the Lower House. THE PRINCIPLE OF SEPARATION OF POWERS The powers of the authorities. by virtuousness of this rule are divided into three ( 3 ) distinct categories: the legislative. the executive and the judicial. They are distributed. severally among the legislative. executive. and judicial subdivisions or sections of the authorities.
Under the rule of co-equal and coordinate powers among the three ( 3 ) subdivisions. the officers entrusted with each of these powers are non permitted to infringe upon the powers confided to the others. If one section goes beyond the bounds set by the Constitution. its Acts of the Apostless are void and nothingness. The acceptance of this rule was motivated by the belief that arbitrary regulation would ensue if the same individual or organic structure were to exert all the powers of the authorities.
Principle OF CHECKS AND BALANCES
The three co-equal sections are established by the fundamental law in every bit balanced places as possible. To keep this balance or to reconstruct it if upset. each section is given certain powers with which to look into the others. Checks by the President Checks by the Congress Checks by the Judiciary may blackball or disapprove measures enacted by the Congress ( Sec. 27:1 ) through excusing power. he may modify or put aside the judgements of tribunals ( Art. VII. Sec 19 ) Congress may overrule the veto of the President ( Sec. 27:1 ) Reject certain assignments of the President ( Art. VII. Sec. 16 )
Revoke the announcement of soldierly jurisprudence or suspension of the writ of habeas corpus by the President ( Art. VII. Section 18 ) Amend or revoke the determination of the Court by the passage of a new jurisprudence or by an amendment of the old The power to impeach the President and the members of the Supreme Court. the Supreme Court as the concluding supreme authority may declare legislative steps or executive Acts of the Apostless unconstitutional ( Art. VIII. Sec 4:2 ) determine whether or non there has been a sedate maltreatment of discretion amounting to miss or excess of legal power on the portion of the Congress or President ( Art. VIII. Sec. 2:2 )