Individual: Famous Thinkers Paper Information about the thinker’s contributions to society: Famous thinkers have little in general with what makes them accomplish his or her level of accomplishment. Creative ideas are the groundwork of the creative process (Goodman & Fritchie, 2011). Several of these thoughts revolve around finding a decision to a predicament, or altering the way people think about impending issues. Two renowned thinkers: Bertrand Russell and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. , individually used the creative process to alter the way people viewed the issues of the day.
They each prepared detailed contributions to humanity during complex social times. The creative thinking of these two men went a long way in altering the perceptions of others. Russell for investigative thinking based in realism and King in defeating the injustices of discrimination and segregation. Both looked at their detailed problems from different angles in search of exceptional solutions. Both could imagine thoughts and solutions to their personal issues and both displayed the tolerance to filter their thoughts and solutions to triumph over resistance.
Bertrand Russell assistance to the social order was abundant, as well as: establishing the foundation of up to date mathematical reason, the originator of analytical philosophy, and offering divisive views in political hypothesis, spiritual studies and education. These resulted in the proposal of in no way tolerating assumptions over truthful evidence (Irvine, 2010). Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. ’s contribution to the social order integrated gaining civil rights for African Americans and altering the way America viewed issues of equal opportunity.
His visualization consisted of a culture where people were not judged merely by the color of his or her skin. A culture where people from different ethnic backgrounds, could walk collectively as one. His dream challenged America to amplify its value system to consist of embracing diversity. Each thinker’s personal/social/political environments: The social and political environment during Bertrand Russell’s life influenced his truth-seeking views pertaining to political affairs and education. He was a forthright opponent of nuclear proliferation.
Set in opposition to the conditions of World War I, he became socially energetic against war. He used this podium to state that schooling was the answer to social advancement (Irvine, 2010). His social viewpoint was based not only on accepting nature, but in addition placed an identical meaning on the necessity to understand one another. His anti-war protests led to convictions, imprisonment, and in addition contributed to him losing various education jobs at various colleges. The social and political environment surrounding Dr.
Martin Luther King’s was that of racial pressure, tyranny, and discrimination. His authority helped create the required changes required to correct the wrongs of discrimination. According to the King Institute, Martin experienced racial discrimination at a young age and understood the dangers of continuing on this pathway. These factors required Dr. King to grow to be creative in how to acquire equal opportunity and civil rights. He used civil noncompliance and a peacefulness approach that were extraordinary throughout this time in American History. Problems or Issues their ideas sought to solve:
One of the tribulations Bertrand Russell’s thoughts attempted to solve was to use reasonable investigation when determining the truth regarding everyday claims based on presumption. This intended every claim or facts should be based on reasonable constructions as an alternative of inferred entities. The predicament Dr. King’s thoughts attempted to get to the bottom of the ethical concern of racial discrimination and the injustice of inequality related with it. This meant holding a political organization responsible by engaging to the set of laws, or ethics of democracy.
Bertrand Russell’s resolution to his dilemma was introducing a difference involving two unlike types of understanding of legitimacy. The initial: exactness that is straight, definite, and foolproof. The next: fact that is roundabout, vague, and open to mistakes. He warranted his situation by proving that roundabout facts must stand up to additional basic or straight facts. In other terminology, assumptions alone do not establish fact. As an alternative, verifiable facts or straight facts lead to indisputable truth. Dr.
King’s answer to his predicament encompassed the encouragement of civil defiance between African Americans to offset the corrupt acts of racial discrimination and segregation. His viewpoint maintained that it is the dependability of each individual to defy unreasonable laws (Ware, 2009). He understood that assimilation was the solution to gaining fairness and promoted a peaceful procedure to accomplish his answer. His diplomatic strategy was based on his conviction that the fight against segregation must be fought in a courtroom as an alternative of on the street (Ware, 2009).
The hypothesis that could have interfered with Bertrand Russell’s creative process was that of thinking each person would be as passionate and tolerant of his theories concerning to realism. Perception about facts, based on customary established viewpoints was especially genuine throughout the early 1900’s. He developed his answer by using methodical way of thinking and grounds to establish the straight connection linking direct facts and conditional facts. His solutions met the tests of reason in that they were realistic and verifiable.
He used the method of writing instructive books and education to put into practice his solutions by recognizing the fallacies of accepting a claim lacking truthful verification to back it up. The hypothesis that could have hindered Dr. King’s pursuit for equal rights was his conviction that each person would stick to a peaceful guidelines that promoted civil noncompliance. Nonviolence in the facade of tremendous hardship and mockery takes an unbelievable amount of obedience, power, and bravery. He revised his answer by using nonviolent demonstrations in key parts of the nation that proved his reason as ethically acceptable.
His solutions met the investigation of judgment because of the ethical schedule behind his reason and the conviction that this factor would improve the human race. Even though his methods were unlike at that point in time, they were generally recognized and implemented by his supporters. He overcame resistance to his solutions by staying true to himself, his dream, and his viewpoint. He stood on principled high ground and believed in social equality, politeness, and determination to accomplish his goals of civil rights. Dr. King was reflective, not disrespectful.
Together King and Russell used the creative process to describe a dilemma. The creative solutions to each dilemma, on the other hand effective, still required some fine-tuning subsequent to their first completion. Looking at these creative solutions from a mixture of viewpoints allowed these thoughts to expand recognition and become essential in increasing momentous change in American society. References: King Institute, 2011. Martin Luther King, Jr. and the global freedom struggle. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from: http://www. kinginstitute Ware, C. , January 19th, 2009.
Martin Luther King and civil disobedience and nonviolence. Retrieved April 15, 2013 www. associatedcontent. com Ruggiero, V. R. (2009). The art of thinking: A guide to critical and creative thought (9th Ed. ). New York, NY: Pearson Longman. Luther King Jr. , M. K. Dr. (2003, August 28). I have a dream. The Commercial Appeal, E. 3. Goodman, M. and Fritichie, L. L. 2011. Thinking like a genius. Study Guides and Strategies. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from: http://www. studygs. net Irvine, A. D. 2010. Bertrand Russell. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Retrieved April 15, 2013 from: http://plato. stanford. edu