“Where their is love, their is life.” This is what a famous protester said as he fought for his nation’s freedom. Mahatma Gandhi’s life was unique and his achievements were extraordinary! There is a lot of things that you can learn about him and from him.
This is an autobiography about Gandhi in his perspective. Imagine how you would feel in his shoes. Early YearsHi, I am Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. I was born on October 2nd, 1869, in Porbandar, India. My father Karamchand Gandhi and his father Uttamchand Gandhi were the ministers of Porbandar. I grew up worshipping the hindu god Vishnu, and I also followed Jainism.
Jainism is an indian religion that included non-violence, fasting, meditation, and vegetarianism. My mother, Putlibai, was a deeply religious person. She was always doing fasts. My mother always had a strong influence on me.
I have two brothers, Laxmidas and Karsandas. I also have three sisters, Pankun Verben, Raliatbehn, and Mulben. Overall, we were a big family. When I was young, I was very shy and timid. I wasn’t a very smart kid either.
But I never told a lie to my teachers or my classmates. When I was a teenager, I didn’t like eating meat and smoking. Once my friend told me that eating meat would make you grow up too be big and strong.
In secret both of us tried a meat dish. But I didn’t like the hard meat that they gave me. And few minutes I realized that I had just gone against my religion. I promised myself that I would never again do something that goes against my religion. I kept my promise to myself since then. At the age of 13, I married Kasturbai Makhanji, a merchant’s daughter, in May of 1883.
In 1885. When I was 15, our first child was born, but only lived a few days. My father, had died earlier that year. We had four more children, all sons. Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, and Devdas. Education in LondonIn 1888, I sailed to London, to study law. I was only 18 and it took me a while too get used to the western culture. Muriel Lester had sent me an invitation earlier to stay at the in Kingsley Hall in the East End.
I accepted. Studying for my examinations to qualify as a lawyer was hard. I made a big effort and it soon paid off. On June 10, 1891, I passed my law exams. Now I could work as an lawyer in Britain or anywhere else in the British Empire.
Every morning around four in the morning, there was a light in my room for the morning prayer. I had my morning walk in the main streets of the East End. I was getting to know the people of England. I always visited my neighbours and made friends with the children. “Uncle Gandhi” became popular among the children. The children there were really curious.
I explained to then why I had chosen to stay in the East End and why I always wore my animal skin dress. I advised them to return good for evil. On October 2, my birthday, the children presented me with so many things! They were all amazing!.
I loved the gifts and I even took some of them with me when I went back to India.South AfricaIt was really hard to find work as a lawyer in India. I received a one-year contract to work in South Africa. So, in April 1893, I sailed for Durban in the South African state of Natal.
When I arrived in South Africa, I was quickly shocked by the and racial segregation! My first appearance in a Durban courtroom was not the greatest either. I was asked to remove my turban. Furious, I refused and left the court instead. The Natal Advertiser said that’s was “an unwelcome visitor.
” A few days later on June 7, 1893, I was on a train trip to Pretoria, South Africa. A white man didn’t want the presence of me in the first-class railway compartment, even though I had a ticket. Refusing to move to the back of the train, I was forcibly removed and thrown off the train at a station in Pietermaritzburg. This made me realise that this was unacceptable! I vowed that night to “try, if possible, to root out the disease and suffer hardships in the process.
” I formed the Natal Indian Congress in 1894 to fight discrimination. At the end of my year-long contract, I prepared to return to India until I learned, at my farewell party, that there was a bill before the Natal Legislative Assembly that would not let Indians have the right to vote. My fellow immigrants convinced me to stay and lead the fight against the legislation. Although I couldn’t prevent the law, I drew attention to the injustice. After a brief 1 year trip to India I returned to South Africa with my wife and children.
We nearly stayed there for about 20 years.The Salt MarchIn 1930, I returned to protest against Britain’s Salt Act. They didn’t let Indians collect or sell salt. They also put a heavy tax and it affected the country’s poorest very hard. I planned a new protest… On March 12, 1930, I set out from my ashram which at Sabarmati followed by several dozen followers. We were all on hike of 240 miles to the coastal town of Dandi on the Arabian Sea. Their, we would all boycott the British policy by making salt from seawater.
All along the way, I addressed large crowds, and with each passing day an increasing number of people joined the salt satyagraha. By the time they reached Dandi on April 5, I was at the head of a crowd of thousands. Early the next morning, we all walked down to the sea to make salt. At Dandi, thousands more followed my lead, and in the coastal cities of Bombay and Karachi. Indian nationalists led crowds of citizens in making salt. The British authorities arrested more than 60,000 people.
I was also arrested on May 5, but the satyagraha continued without me. In January 1931, I was released from prison.Quit IndiaOn 8th August 1942, I launched the Quit India Movement for freedom from British rule in Mumbai. The Quit India Movement, also known as the August Movement was a movement launched for independence. Through my influencing speeches, I moved people by saying “let every Indian consider himself to be a free man.
” The British were prepared for this massive uprising. The only support we got from outside the country was from the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He asked the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to agree to the demands of the Indians. But the British refused to do so. The reason why it was so easy for the British to crush the Quit India Movement was because of a weak coordination and no plan of action. Though despite of its flaws, the Quit India Movement remains significant because it was during this movement that the British realized that they would not be able to govern India successfully in the long run and began to think of ways they could exit the country in a peaceful and dignified manner.
The British responded to this by mass arrests. I was also arrested again too. Hundreds of innocent people died. Despite my very bad health and the recent loss of Kasturba, I took on a 21 day fast. The British released me due to my health.. By 1944, peace was restored to India.
Many nationalists were disappointed that the Quit India Movement had failed though. In my opinion it didn’t. The End … AccomplishmentsIn the late afternoon of January 30, 1948 I was 78 and I was weakened from repeated gun shots. Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse was upset at me. He knelt before the me before pulling out a pistol and shot me three times.
Godse and a co-conspirator were executed by hanging in November 1949, while additional conspirators were sentenced to life in prison.Anway, I had achieved many things in my life. For example: I fought against racial segregation in South AfricaI led the famous Salt March to DandiI launched the Quit India Movement in 1942 demanding end of British ruleI was the leading figure responsible for India achieving independenceI fought against social evils in society like UntouchabilityFun Facts About MeI was actually interested in becoming an doctor — not a lawyerI often dressed in only loincloth and a shawlI became known as “Mahatma,” which means “great soul” in 1914My wife, Kasturba, was an year older than I wasI served in the army during the Boer war The most important thing about Mahatma Gandhi was that he fought for his country’s freedom without violence. If he did it than couldn’t you do it too? Thinking about the future, I challenge you to make a change in the world in nonviolent ways. It’s not that hard … Good luck!