Geography might non look like a important point presents but it has impacted many civilisations throughout the past history. Two civilisations that geographics has had a polar impact on are Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley civilisation. Geography doesn’t ever have a positive impact. Geography can hold besides a really declivitous negative impact. The geographics of a topographic point. such as Mesopotamia and the Indus River Valley. play an of import function in economic growing and advancement like it did with the issue of invasion and isolation in these two civilisations.
Known as the “land between two rivers” . Mesopotamia was a river vale civilisation that geographics has both positively and negatively impacted. Located in western Asia between the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. this civilisation has the benefit of acquiring flooded. Flooding is supposed to do harm. true. but non in this instance. When Mesopotamia became afloat. came what was called the Fertile Crescent because of the left behind silt from the inundation. Mesopotamia was portion of the “cultural crossroads” because it was right in between the other continents of Africa. Asia. and Europe. Along with the Fertile Crescent. this “cultural crossroads” were a work stoppage to the start of many new civilisations because of the good trade and high cultural diffusion. Since Mesopotamia was really easy accessible. it was besides easy invaded. nevertheless.
A characteristic of geographics that in add-on caused an impact on a civilisation was mountains. The Himalayas and the Hindu Kush were two mountains that surrounded a civilisation that had begun. the Indus River Valley civilisation. The Indus River Valley civilisation was located in the Indian subcontinent in southern Asia. The benefit this clip. were protective barriers. high mountains.
The Hindu Kush was the northwesterly boundary line which isolated and protected the civilisation doing it. nevertheless. to hold low cultural diffusion. On the opposite side were the Himalayas. The serious northeasterly barrier. connected to Mt. Everest. protected this civilisation from invasions from all sides. Therefore. it was really hard for civilisations to organize. Not merely did the Indus River Valley have a negative barrier but it besides had a slightly positive clime. The clime consisted of two seasons. the wet monsoon and the dry monsoon: the moisture monsoon being a season of implosion therapy and the bulk of India’s precipitation. and the dry monsoon being a season of good trade.
Overall. as civilisations. both Mesopotamia and Indus River Valley have been impacted by their geographics. The rivers caused excessively much interaction and no protection while the mountains caused excessively small interaction and excessively much protection from invasion. Despite their differences in life styles. both civilisations were affected on their historical development.