Signed on 28 June 1919. the Treaty of Versailles was an effort to set up permanent universe peace by penalizing Germany and making the League of Nations. The Allies. who drafted the Treaty of Versailles. were confident that it was non merely a merely colony of the Great War. but that that it besides provided the footing upon which the peoples of Europe can populate together in friendly relationship and equality. Sadly. the pact failed to convey neither peace nor justness. but merely to pave the manner to a 2nd. more annihilating. universe war ( Lu. ‘02 ) .
A major drawback of the Treaty of Versailles that proved to be damaging for its success was its hostile attitude towards Germany. which was held wholly responsible for The First World War and hence made to pay to a great extent for its scruples towards other states. Germany felt cheated by the pact because it had non taken into consideration Wilson’s Fourteen Points which were purportedly to organize the footing of the cease-fire. Much of the pact contained clauses that were basically against the Germans which were bound to be despised by the citizens.
The most blazing dissension of the people of Germany would fall on the war guilt clause under Article 231 of the pact which holds Germany chiefly responsible for the war. Through this article. the Allied and Associated Governments affirmed. while doing Germany accept. the duty of Germany and her Alliess for doing all the loss and harm which the Allied and Associated Governments and suffered ( Versailles. 1919 ) .
This made it compulsory that Germany shouldered all duty and blast out 1000000s in footings of reparations. Paradoxically plenty. war is fought between at least two states and no one state could be held entirely responsible for it. Rather. war should be understood as a corporate duty of all combatants. Besides. the Germans believed that other states such as Austria and Russia were to fault for the war spreading and hence should non be the solitary carrier of all blameworthinesss for the war.
Another clause under the pact which the mean German citizen would hold detested was the disarming article 159. This requires Germany to demilitarize. curtailing its ground forces to 100. 000 military personnels which was barley plenty to keep jurisprudence and order within the state. No sophisticated arms like armored combat vehicles. gunmans. aircrafts etc was to be allowed to stay in surplus in the custodies of the Germans. Germans felt stripped off their right to protect themselves from contingencies such as external aggressions.
It seemed unjust to them because even as a loser state. they did hold the right to protect themselves as a autonomous state. Furthermore. this was besides a manifestation of the highhandedness of the Allied states much to the discouragement of the Germans because there was besides no all-around disarming of all the states ; it was a demand merely from the defeated 1s. Therefore this disarming had led to loss of assurance among the people and there prevailed a sense of fright and insecurity.
This would hold pained the German loyal sentiments soberly. The Germans would besides hold every bit been against Article 49 of the pact through which Germany was made to abdicate in favour of the League of Nations. the authorities of the its of import districts such as the Saar Basin. Adding to this. Germany had to give up many of her districts including the control over Alsace¬Lorraine which was returned to France much to their humiliation.
Losing its districts in Europe for Germany was an abuse merely abruptly of losing its sovereignty. the people and productive land. This was bound to hold a great impact on the people of Germany in footings of their economic and societal stableness. Furthermore. the loss of districts to other states besides created jobs for the Germans residing in those countries because they become the minorities once the land is merged with another regulating entity. They become capable to immense favoritism and hatred as citizens of a war peddling state.
Another inquiry in this respect may be raised as to why brotherhood stake between Austria and Germany was non allowed under the thought of self finding that applied to other peoples such as the Czechs and the Slavs. It is mostly a instance of denial of self-government to the people of the defeated state and this would non hold gone down good with the German citizens. These three clauses among others. under the Treaty of Versailles may be said to hold been most hard for the mean German citizen to come to footings with.
Mentions Boemeke. Manfred Franz. . Feldman. Gerald D. . & A ; Glaser. Elisabeth. ( Eds. ) . ( 1998 ) . The Treaty of Versailles: A reappraisal after 75 old ages. London. Cambridge University Press. Lu. Catherine. ( 2002 ) . Justice and Moral Regeneration: Lessons from the Treaty of Versailles. International Studies Review. Vol. 4. No. 3 ( Autumn. 2002 ) . pp. 3-25. Blackwell Publishing. Treaty of Versailles. 1919. ( 2009. January 18 ) . Treaty of Versailles. 1919. Retrieved April 13. 2009. from Academic Search Premier database.