What are the six types of nutrients? Palatals compounds that help regulate many vital body processes, Including the digestion, absorption, and metabolism of other nutrients. Minerals-substances that the body cannot manufacture but that ere needed for forming healthy bones end teeth and tort regulating many vital body processes Proteins-nutrients that help build and maintain body cells and tissues Water-needed to maintain life carbohydrates-the starches and sugars present In foods Lipids- a fatty substance that does not dissolve in water 10.
Review Healthy Plate 11 . What are food additives? Absences that are Intentionally added to food to produce a decided effect How many calories per gram do carbohydrates, proteins, and fat supply? Carbohydrates- 4 calories per gram 12. Lipids- 9 calories per gram 13. Define Hungry A natural physical drive that protects you from starvation 14. Define Appetite A desire, rather than a need, to eat 15. Define Calories Units of heat that measure the energy used by the body and the energy that food supplies 16. Review hot to read a food label 17.
What is body mass index? A ratio that allows you to asses your body size in relation to your height and weight 8. What is anorexia nervous? A disorder in which the irrational fear of becoming obese and results in severe weight loss from elf-imposed starvation 19. What is bulimia? A disorder in which some form of purging or clearing of the digestive tract follows cycles of overeating 20. Define mental/emotional health Ability to accept yourself and others, adapt to and manage emotions and deal with demands and challenges 21 .
Define self-esteem A person with good emotion/mental health with the ability to accept challenges and take failure in stride 22. Define Mascots Hierarchy of Needs. Describe the carious bevels of the pyramid. Ranked list of those needs essential to human growth and development Level 5- reaching potential Level 4- feeling recognized Level 3- belonging Level 2- safety Level 1- physical 23. What is personality? Explain the three characteristics that make up personality. A complex set of characteristics that make you unique 1) Attitude 2) Thought 3) Behaviors 24.
List the developmental assets Support- empowerment- boundaries and expectations- constructive use of time commitment to learning- positive values- social competencies- positive identity 25. Define defense mechanisms. List the common defense mechanisms. Mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions or situations Suppression-repression-rationalization-regression-denial-compensation-pro]section- idealization 26. What is a stresses? Anything that causes stress 27. What are the three stages of the body stress response? 1) Alarm 2) Resistance 3) Fatigue 28. What is anxiety?
The condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what might happen 29. What The ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis 30. What is the Grieving Process? List the steps. ) Denial or numbness 2) Emotional release 3) Anger 4) Bargaining 5) Depression 6) Remorse 7) Acceptance 8) Hope 31 . What are the steps you should follow when someone is suicidal? Meaningful conversation 2) Show support and ask questions 3) Try to persuade the person to seek help 1) Initiate a 32. What are the most common therapy methods that are used by health professionals? ) Psychotherapy- dialogue between patient and mental health professional 2) Behavior therapy- focuses on changing unwanted behaviors or thoughts through rewards and reinforcements 3) Cognitive therapy- identify and erect distorted thinking patterns 4) Group therapy- treating a group of people with similar problems 5) Biomedical therapy- use of certain medications to treat or reduce symptoms 33. What are mental disorders? An illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings and behaviors of a person, preventing him or her from leading a happy, healthful, and productive life 34.
What are the steps of the grief process? See 35. What are anxiety disorders? A condition in which real or imagined fears are difficult to control phobias? A strong and irrational fear of something specific 37. Define obsessive-compulsive disorders 6. What are Recurrent and persistent thought s and feeling and repetitive/radicalized behaviors 38. Define panic disorders. Anxiety and fear arise frequently and without a reasonable disorder 39. What is PETS? Post traumatic stress disorder- may develop after exposure to a terrifying event that threatened or caused physical harm 40. What are mood disorders?
An illness, often with an organic cause, that involves mood extremes that interfere with everyday living 41 . What are two types of mood disorders? Clinical- results from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot overcome without reflections help Bipolar- marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels and behavior 42. What are the types of personality disorders? Antisocial Borderline Passive-aggressive the inability or unwillingness to express thoughts and feelings Aggressive- often try to get their way through bullying and intimidation Assertive- expressing thoughts and feelings clearly and directly but without hurting others 44.
Define carcinogen. A cancer causing substance 45. What are the main harmful substances in tobacco? Nicotine and Tar 46. Define chronic bronchitis Build up of tar in the lungs, causing chronic coughing and excessive muscle secretion 7. Define pulmonary emphysema Destroys the tiny air sacs in the lungs, making it more difficult for lungs to absorb oxygen 48. Define TEST. What are the two types? Environmental tobacco smoke- air that has been contaminated by tobacco smoke Mainstream smoke Side stream smoke 49. What type of drug is alcohol? A depressant 50. What factors influence effects of drinking?
Peer pressure Family Media messages 51 . Define alcohol poisoning. A severe and potentially fatal physical reaction to an alcohol overtake 52. Define BACK Blood Alcohol Content- the amount of alcohol in a person’s blood 53. What is fetal alcohol syndrome? A group of alcohol related birth defects that includes both physical and mental problems 54. Define vaccines Preparation introduced into the body to stimulate an immune system 55. What are antibodies? A protein that acts against a specific antigen 56. What are antibiotics? A class of chemical agents the destroy disease-causing microorganisms while leaving the patient unharmed 57.
What does tolerance mean? The ability to accept others’ differences and allow them to be who they are without expressing disapproval/ a condition in which the body becomes used to the effects of declined 58. What does withdrawal mean? What are the effects? A condition that occurs when a person stops using a medicine on which he or she has a chemical dependency Effect: insomnia- nervousness-severe headaches- vomiting-chills and cramps 59. What is psychological dependence? Condition in which a person believes that a drug is needed in order to feel good or to function normally 60.
What is physiological dependence? A condition in which the user has a chemical need for a drug 61 . Define steroids. Synthetic substances that is similar to the male hormone testosterone 62. What are he types of psychoactive drugs? Define each group. Stimulant- drugs that speed up Depressant- sedatives- drugs that tend to slow down the central nervous system Narcotics-specific drugs that are obtainable only by prescription and are used to relieve pain Hallucinogens- drugs that alter moods, thoughts and sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell and touch. 63. What is an infection?
A condition that occurs when pathogens enter the body, multiply and damage body cells 64. Name the type of pathogens. Viruses Bacteria Fungi Protozoan’s Ricketiest 65. Define hepatitis A, B, and C. What organ does the infection attack? Inflammation of the liver and caused by many chemicals Hepatitis A- most commonly spread through contact with feces of an infected person. Hepatitis B- found in most bodily fluids of an infected person, transmitted through sexual contact Hepatitis C- most often transmitted by direct contact with infected blood through contaminated needles shared by drug users 66.
How does HIVE attack the T-cells? It invades certain cells of the immune system, including T cells which help other lymphocytes identify and destroy pathogens. The viruses take over the cells and cause them to produce new copies of themselves. The newly produced viruses break out the cell, destroying them. The new viruses infect other cells and then the process repeats itself. 67. How is HIVE transmitted? Through sexual intercourse, sharing needles, and from mother to child. 68. How is HIVE detected? EIA test- a test that screens for the presence of HIVE antibodies in the blood.
Western Blot Test- three tests done to determine a person to have HIVE 69. Define C.V. Cardiovascular disease- a disease that affects the heart or blood vessels. 70. What are the types of C.V.? Hypertension-Atherosclerosis-Angina pectoral-Arrhythmias-heart attack- congestive heart failure-stroke 71 . Define tumor An abnormal mass of tissue that has no natural role in the body 72. Define benign tumor Announcers 73. Define malignant tumor Cancerous 74. Define metastasis The spread of cancer from the point where it originated to other parts of the body 75.
What are treatments for cancer? Surgery Radiation therapy Chemotherapy Impenetrably Hormone therapy A chronic disease that affects the way body cells converts food into energy 77. What is type 1 diabetes? Appears suddenly and progresses quickly The body does not produce insulin and glucose builds up in the blood, starving cells of the energy they need 78. What is type 2 diabetes? Appears after the age of 40 but is now being found at younger ages The body is unable to make enough insulin or to use insulin properly 79.
Define asthma An inflammatory condition in which the small airways in the lungs become narrowed, causing difficulty in breathing 80. Define arthritis. What are the two types of arthritis and what is the difference between the two? A group of more than 100 different diseases that cause pain and loss of movement in the Joints Osteoarthritis- disease of the Joints in which cartilage breaks down Rheumatoid arthritis- a disease characterized by the debilitating destruction of the Joints due to inflammation 81 . Read chapter 29.
What are the tips for recycling and reducing waste? Aluminum- rinse cans and other aluminum items. Crush them to save space Cardboard- flattens cardboard boxes and ties them together Glass- rinse all glass containers. Recycle metal lids separately Plastics- look for the code on the container. Most recyclers take plastics marked with a 1, 2, or 3. Newspaper- stack newspapers and tie the bundles with string or rope, or place the papers in paper shopping bags for easy handling Glossy paper- contact services that help you remove you name from mailing lists.