The term ‘Gay Marriage,’ has been debated for many years. While the main focus is generally directed towards the act of marriage and the rights that stem from homosexual marriages, the issue of homosexual adoption seems to have been swept under the rug. Adoption Is a very Important step Into helping children get out of foster homes and Into more comfortable and stable environments. In 2007, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services stated “As of 2007, there were approximately 1 30,000 children in the child welfare system waiting to be adopted” (Quoted in Everett et. . ). There are many homosexual couples out there who prefer to adopt, especially in a male and male relationship. The opportunity to adopt a child In a homosexual household Is a long grueling process. This process Is usually accompanied by discrimination. This leaves people to believe that there are rules and regulations that hurt potential homosexual adopters and children. Homosexuals should be able to adopt because of changes in their legal rights, adoption rates, and adoption qualifications. It is apparent that not only the rights have changed for homosexuals, but the way people look and think about them has changed also.
The legal rights of lesbians, gay men, and bisexuals (Legs) have changed dramatically over the past two decades” (Gregory B. Lewis 217). Since 2010 around 21 states have laws against discriminating on the basis of sexual preference and five states allow for same-sex marriage. In this same year the united States banned same-sex marriage. This is a very big improvement since only two states banned discrimination for Legs in 1990. Although these ‘huge’ changes have taken place, around 29 states have chosen to amend their constitution and to prohibit same sex marriage (Lewis 217).
Homosexual relationships were at one time, and In mom cases still are, taboo. The liberal media as well as many political supporters have chosen to support homosexual rights. With such drastic changes In homosexual rights, it is obvious to see that more people are becoming more accepting with homosexuals. Lewis states “Polling data has long shown that Americans who know Legs are more likely to accept homosexuality and support gay rights than those who do not “(217). From personal experiences, that data has never been closer to the truth.
Having grown up around homosexuals whether it has been friends, family, or acquaintances, an open mind has always been present. Being raised with an opened mind, it comes as no surprise that believing homosexuals deserve the same rights as a heterosexual would receive when adopting a child comes natural. If adoption information was available to the general public then it is most likely that many views would be changed. When asking friends their opinion on homosexuals, the ones that replied that they do not like them had never met or talked with a homosexual.
In 2008, Ruggeri stated, “Last year, the Florida law that for over three decades banned Which goes to show how much the rights of Lesbian, gay, and bisexuals has improved. Whether it is big or small changes, every little bit helps to show people that everyone should be treated equal and have the same rights. Anderson stated in 2008 “Florida has been the only state with an outright ban on adoption by gays and lesbians, although in both Arkansas and Utah there are bans any unmarried persons adopting or fostering children.
Mississippi bans homosexual couples, but not single lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LIGHT) persons, from adopting” (Quoted in Everett et. Al. ). That statement brings up a question to some people. Why can single Lists adopt children yet couples that are Lists cannot? I have yet to find that answer through all the research completed. Barilla states “In 2007, New Hampshire repealed a fifteen year ban on gay and lesbian adoption, after hearing extensive testimony from children’s’ advocates” (Quoted in Everett et. Al. ).
That fact shows, as stated earlier that if only given the chance to sit down and talk with homosexuals, opinions can change and have a drastic effect on the changes to come. Aside from homosexuals’ rights, adoption rates play an important role into why homosexual adoption should be legal. Adoption in my own words is a process that gives a child a hence to be with loving parents and to live in a home surrounded by those who love them. Who are we to decide whether those parents or parent should be homosexual or heterosexual?
As mentioned above, in 2007, the U. S. Department of Health and Human Services states “As of 2007, there were approximately 130,000 children in the child welfare system waiting to be adopted” (Quoted in Lewis). Meet the library of congress noted in 2007 that there were “serious shortages” of qualified adoptive parents” (Quoted in Lewis). Not only does banning homosexual adoption hurt the children it hurts the tax payers as well. It costs taxpayers $30,000 to $100,000 per year to keep a child in foster care” (Aced. Org). It costs taxpayers only $2,400 to $7,200 per/year (in government subsidies) if a family adopts a child from foster care (through the age of 18)” (Aced. Org). Homosexual adoption helps the children, homosexuals, and tax payers in numerous ways. Shelley-Sire & Chain-Boyce sates “The American Civil Liberties Union (1999) stated that many gay and lesbian families are interested in adopting and are willing to adopt children and are often open to accepting the harder to place children such as those who are older” (Quoted n Everett et. Al. ). Gates, Budget, Macomb, and Chambers (2007) stated that there are approximately two million gay and lesbian people interested in adopting. Yet policies of adopting agencies, social stigma, and state laws have created barriers for gay and lesbian couples in the adoption process” (Quoted in Everett et. Al. ). While everyone wants to get the children that are in these homes out into loving arms, most people will sit there and decide that they would rather have them sit in homes than live with loving homosexual couples. This alone is the definition of discrimination.
The sexual orientation of the adopter’s does not dictate their parenting skills. This lust shows that no matter the problem, most people won’t do what’s right which is to try and fix it. One of the major counter points to homosexual adoption is, by no surprise, religion and race and sexual preference. Through personal experiences, when asking people about their opinion on the matter they always choose not to discuss is because of religious views. Being a Christian, yet believing in homosexual morning and force myself to be attracted to girls, it comes natural.
Yet through search it shows both have less impact than expected. “Overall, 58 percent of Jewish and 57 percent of nonreligious respondents know Legs, compared with 47 percent Catholics and 43 percent of Protestants. Those who attend religious services weekly or say religion is very important in their lives are only about four percentage points less likely to know Legs than comparable others, and evangelical Protestants do not differ significantly from other Protestants” (Lewis 225). “Overall, the percentages of Unites, blacks, Latino, and Asians who know Legs very only between 44 percent and 46 percent” (Lewis 225).
With those statistics, it’s stated that religion and race have ‘err little impact than to be expected. This leaves some to believe that homosexual adoption and marriage is not that impacted by religion and race as to be expected by the majority of the population, but is shut down by individual personal views. Personal views that can change if given the chance to sit down and talk with Lists as found in the research that has been done. As far as adoption qualifications go, they are very complex and very between states. In Arkansas, for example, adoption qualifications would not necessarily be the same as in Wyoming.
Adoption. Org Informs us that “We believe that every child has the right to a loving, nurturing and permanent family, and that people from a variety of life experiences offer strengths for these children. Therefore, it is the policy of the National Adoption Center that no person should be denied consideration in the adoption process solely based on marital status, sexual orientation, lifestyle, disability, physical appearance, race, gender, age, religion and/or size of family’ (adoption. Org). Meet many homosexuals feel as if they had to hide their sexuality during the adoption process” (Lewis 219).
Ninth that in mind, many people are wondering who exactly can adopt? “Well according to Adoption. Org, single parents, Couples, Disabled persons, and even residents of other countries can adopt U. S. Children” (Adopt. Org). Of course, to be expected, there are requirements of each to be permitted to adopt. These requirements include ” citizenship, minimum of 18 years of age but preferred to be 16-18 years older than the child they want to adopt, do not need to be married, be in DOD physical and mental health, have sufficient income, and parents who have any criminal history may find it very difficult to adopt” (Standpoint. G). However, there are some exceptions to each requirement. For example, “it was mentioned that any potential adoptive parent must have a sufficient income yet there are financial requirements from the American government that must be met in order to adopt” (standpoint. Org). A very big influence on the issue of homosexual adoption has been the age-old question: Are there effects of having homosexual couples or even homosexual individuals raise children? This needless to say is one counter point that is used when dealing with this subject.
I have always thought there were no mind blowing effects of being raised by homosexuals. Having researched for this information, what showed up was very little surprising to myself. “Many of the persistent and pervasive myths are grounded in homophobia and a heterosexual bias that views heterosexual couples as the gold standard of parenting practices. It is argued that heterosexual parents have better results in raising children. This position may be based in some part on the lack of research that compares 31. 31). “In terms of sexual orientation, there were no significant differences between heterosexual and homosexual parents” (Everett et. L. 143). “This finding is consistent Ninth prior research that compares these who specific groups of adoptive parents :Erich et. Al. , Kindle & Erich, 2005; Lung et. Al. , 2005), although it should be noted that Lung et. Al. (2005) found that gay and lesbian adoptive parents fared better than heterosexual adoptive parents did with older adoptive children” (Everett at. L. 143). The research informs that with the studies that have been done, there has not been any significant difference between growing up in a heterosexual household compared to a homosexual household. Some people wish that there were ore research on the this topic, yet, there is not because of the fact Lists are stuck Ninth barriers that make it harder for them to adopt which leaves the public with less research to decipher on. I have grown up more or less in a single parent household.
Now of course there are going to be some effects of growing up in a single parent household as well as growing up with homosexual parents. There are even going to be some effects of growing up in a heterosexual household and nothing can change that. How a child turns out in society is not determined by the sexual preference heir parents choose but in fact by how they parent those children. The strict requirements that homosexual couples have to meet seem to be based off the bias set by the adoption company.
However, it has never had huge effects on me personally in a single parent household, but yes a young boy needs a father figure in his life and that’s Just natural. Never once have there been any negative effects from growing up in a single parent household. To achieve a goal such as homosexual adoption, many people must throw out their one sided view and open up their mind o really understand the importance of the issue. While people sit back and debate the issue there are children in homes that are waiting to be adopted and put into loving arms whether it is by heterosexuals or homosexuals. Lopper (1954) argues that contact has its greatest impact when encounters are marked by equal status, common goals, intercrop cooperation, and the support of authorities, law, or custom” (Quoted in Lewis). Based on recent changes in the legal rights of homosexuals, adoption rates, and adoption qualifications, it is clear that every human eyeing has the right to adopt a child regardless of their sexual preference. With certain exceptions of course, such as: age, income, and the criminal background.
Homosexuals have long fought for the same rights as the rest of the population. Adoption rates have long affected views on homosexual adoption. Many kids that are Uniting to be adopted will spend most of their life waiting to be adopted. There are currently centers to help Lists during the adoption process. This alone shows how much the rights of homosexuals have changed, and how they are continuing to change.