Human anatomy practice test 1

D
The point where the scapula and clavicle connect is theA. Coracoid processB.

Styloid processC. Glenoid cavityD. Acromion processE. Capitulum

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A
A site of muscle attachment on the proximal end of the femur is the A. Greater trochanterB. EpicondyleC. Greater tubercleD. Intercondylar eminenceE.

Condyle

E
The distal medial process of the humerus to which the ulna joins is the A. Epicondyle B. Deltoid tuberosityC. MalleolusD. CapitulumE.

Trochlea

A
Transverse foramina are found only in A. Cervical vertebraeB. Thoracic vertebraeC. Lumbar vertebraeD. The sacrumE. The coccyx
C
Which is part of the appendicular skeleton?A. CraniumB. RibsC.

ClavicleD. SternumE. Vertebra

C
A knoblike lump on a bone is called aA. SpineB. FacetC.

Tuberosity D. Sulcus E. Ramus

C
The mandible articulates with the skull at the A. Styloid processB. Occipital condyleC. Mandibular fossaD. Zygomatic archE. Medial pterygoid
D
The anatomical term that means ” away from the midline of the body” is A.

medial B. proximalC. distalD. lateralE. superficial

B
The thumb is ____ to the fifth digit (little finger)A. DistalB.

LateralC. MedialD. ProximalE. Superficial

E
Which of the following describes the position of the nose?A.

inferior to the chinB. superior to the foreheadC. posterior to the earsD. lateral to the eyes E. superior to the mouth

D
The cervical region is the A.

calfB. ArmpitC. Hollow behind the kneeD. NeckE. Thigh

C
The popliteal region is theA. Calf B. Armpit C.

Hollow behind the kneeD. NeckE. Thigh

A
The sural region is theA. CalfB. ArmpitC. Hollow behind the kneeD. NeckE.

Thigh

E
The femoral region is theA. CalfB. ArmpitC. Hollow behind the kneeD. NeckE.

Thigh

B
The axillary region is theA. Calf B. ArmpitC.

Hollow behind the kneeD. NeckE. Thigh

C
What plane divides the body into equal right and left halves?A.

coronalB. transverseC. medianD. sagittalE. frontal

A
A vertical plane that separates the body into right an left portions is called a _____ plane.A. sagittalB. transverseC.

frontalD. horizontalE. coronal

A
“Cutting off your nose” would be a section in the ____ plane.A. coronalB. nasalC. medianD. transverseE.

sagittal

E
Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces posteriorly is calledA. circumductionB. rotationC. hyperextensionD. supinationE. pronation
D
Rotating the forearm so that the palm faces anteriorly is calledA.

circumductionB. rotationC. hyperextensionD. supinationE.

pronation

A
Which of the following pairs of terms are opposites?A. plantar flexion-dorsiflexionB. abduction-extensionC. inversion-retractionD. pronation-rotationE. elevation-protraction
A
Shrugging the shoulders is an example A. elevationB. adductionC.

supinationD. extensionE. pronation

C
The opposite of depression isA. inversionB.

Protraction C. elevationD. pronationE. flexion

D
The opposite of supination isA. inversionB. Protraction C. elevationD. pronationE.

flexion

E
The opposite of extension isA. inversionB. Protraction C. elevationD.

pronationE. flexion

D
Which anatomical term is correctly matched with its description?A. condyle-a small, rounded bumpB. spine-a low ridgeC. tuberosity- a flate, tongue-shaped processD. meatus- a tunnelE.

fossa- an edge

B
Which of the following bones is paired?A. vomerB. temporalC. sphenoidD. mandibleE.

maxilla

A
Which of the following bones is a facial bone?A. maxillaB. incusC. hyoidD. ethmoidE. sphenoid
A
Which of the following facial bones is correctly matched with its function?A. maxilla-possesses sockets for teethB.

comer-forms the hard palateC. inferior nasal conchae-contain nasolacrimal canalsD. zygomatic- provides attachment point for temporalis muscleE. temporal- is part of the orbit

B
A person who gets hit on the back of the head might suffer injury to which of these bones?A. temporalB. occipitalC. sphenoidD. zygomaticE.

nasal

A
The sagittal suture is located between the A. two parietal bonesB. frontal and parietal bonesC. parietal and temporal bonesD. parietal and occipital bonesE. frontal and temporal bones
D
The lambdoidal suture is located between theA. frontal and parietal bonesB.

parietal and temporal bonesC. temporal and occipital bones D. parietal and occipital bonesE. two parietal bones

D
Which of the following is found inferior to the maxilla and has a posterior articulation with the temporal bone?A. zygomaticB. sphenoidC.

parietalD. mandibleE. palatine bone

B
The maxilla forms the A. roof of the orbitB. floor of the orbitC. lateral wall of the orbitD.

medial wall of the orbitE. posterior wall of the orbit

C
The pituitary gland (hypophysis) rests in the A. crista galliB. cribiform plateC. sella turcica (hypophyseal fossa)D. pterygoid canal E.

foramen magnum

D
The olfactory foramina are found in the region of the ethmoid bone known as the A. crista galliB. sella turcicaC. ethmoid sinusD. cribiform plateE. perpendicular plate
E
The skull bone that forms the chin is also the only bone connected to the skull by a freely movable joint. This bone is the A. mental boneB.

maxillaC. hyoidD. vomerE. mandible

A
The sella turcica, pterygoid processes, and the greater wings are parts of the A. sphenoid boneB.

ethmoid boneC. occipital boneD. vomerE. palatine bone

E
Which of the following bones is attached to the skull by only muscles and ligaments?A. ethmoidB. frontalC. sphenoidD.

vomerE. hyoid

A
Which of the following is a function of the vertebral column?A. It allows spinal nerves to exit the spinal cordB. It serves as a passageway for the cranial nervesC. It contains numerous foramen for the passageway of blood vesselsD. It protects the brain
C
Which of the following statements is true?A. The first cervical vertebra is called the axisB.

The spinal cord protects the vertebral columnC. Thoracic vertebrae have long, the spinous processesD. The sacral vertebrae are superior to the lumbar vertebrae E. Lumbar vertebrae are generally smaller than thoracic vertebrae

D
The coccyx is A. absent in humansB. also called the coxaC.

located in the upper lumbar regionD. the most inferior portion of the vertebral columnE. the bottom of the spinal cord

B
The dens (or odontoid process) is on theA. first cervical vertebraB. second cervical vertebraC. first thoracic vertebra D. second lumbar vertebraE.

coccyx

A
Which of the following vertebral parts is most anterior in location?A. bodyB. laminaC. spinous processD.

transverse processE. vertebral arch

C
The ribs articulate with the _____ vertebraeA. sacralB. lumbarC. thoracicD. cervicalE.

coccygeal

D
The first cervical vertebrae is the A. occipital B. axis C. clavicle D. atlasE. mastoid
C
The posterior part of the vertebral arch is theA. intervertebral diskB.

vertebral foramenC. laminaD. intervertebral foramenE. spinous process

C
The upper limb and its girdle are attached rather loosely to the rest of the body. This arrangement: A. results in a disjointed appearanceB.

limits fine coordination of the handsC. allows a wide range of movementsD. restricts the amount of weight the upper limb can supportE. results in a limited range of motion

B
The collar bone is theA. sternumB. clavicleC.

scapulaD. humerusE. atlas

E
Another name for the shoulder blade is the A. sternumB. clavicleC.

acromionD. xiphoid processE. scapula

D
The glenoid cavity is where the A. clavicle articulates with the scapulaB. clavicle articulates with the sternumC. humerus articulates with the clavicle D. humerus articulates with the scapulaE. radius articulates with humerus
E
The accordion processA.

is part of the clavicleB. articulates with the coracoid processC. forms the most inferior part of the glenoid fossaD.

has no functionE. has an articulation with the clavicle

C
A dislocated shoulder involves separation of the ____ from the scapulaA. radiusB. clavicleC.

humerusD. manubriumE. sternum

A
Which of the following is most distal in location on the humerus?A. trochleaB. greater tubercleC. deltoid tuberosityD. medial epicondyleE.

anatomical neck

E
In a farm accident, a man has his arm served midway between his wrist and his elbow. Which of the following bones was severed?A. radiusB. humerusC. clavicleD. ulnaE. both of the radius and the ulna
B
The wrist is composed of eightA.

tarsal bonesB. carpal bonesC. metacarpal bonesD. metatarsal bonesE. digits

C
Which of the following is not a carpal?A.

scaphoidB. hamateC. navicularD. pisiformE. trapezium

B
The knuckles of the hand are formed by the distal ends of the A. carpalsB. metacarpalsC.

phalangesD. tarsalsE. metatarsals

E
A woman pinched her phalanx. She hurt herA. earB. toeC. cheekD.

fingerE. toe or her finger

B
Which of the following is false?A. the wrist is the region between the forearm and the handB. the olecranon process is located on the distal end of the ulnaC. the distal end of the radius articulates with the ulna and the carpals
B
The greater sciatic notch is found on the A. inferior edge of the pubisB. posterior side of the iliumC. superior edge of the ischiumD.

ventral surface of the sacrumE. inferior edge of the ischium

D
A person sits on his/herA. iliac fossaB. pelvic brimC. pubis symphysisD. ischial tuberosityE.

obturator foramen

B
Which of the following is not a coxal bone?A. ischiumB. femurC.

iliumD. pubic

C
the largest and most superior coxal bone is the A. ischiumB. femurC. iliumD.

pubicE. coccyx

B
The medial malleolusA. is the proximal portion of the tibiaB. forms the medial side of the ankle jointC. articulates with the calcaneus D. is part of the arch of the footE.

is on the lateral side of the leg

A
The tarsal bone that articulates with the tibia and the fibula is the A. talusB. cuboidC. navicularD.

calcaneusE. patella

E
The heel of the foot is formed by the A. talusB.

patellaC. cuboid boneD. navicular boneE. calcaneus

C
A patient in a skiing accident is told that the lateral side of the ankle joint has been crushed.

The bone that has been injured is the A. femurB. tibiaC. fibulaD. calcaneusE. talus

D
The foot containsA.

carpalsB. a patellaC. metacarpals D. metatarsals E. the lateral malleolus

D
The thumb and big toe are similar in thatA. both contain carpal bonesB. each have three metatarsalsC. both are composed of sesamoid bonesD.

both have two rather than three phalangesE. both have three rather than two phalanges

D
A woman who drops something on her foot might injure which of the following bones?A. vomerB. pisiformC.

lunateD. cuneiformE. metacarpals

E
The greater trochanter is found on the A.

fibulaB. scapulaC. humerusD.

ulnaE. femur

A
The lateral malleolus is part of the A. fibulaB. scapulaC.

humerusD. ulnaE. femur

A
The hyoid bone is part of the A. axial skeletonB. appendicular skeleton
B
The pelvic girdle and lower limb are part of the A. axial skeletonB. appendicular skeleton
A
The vertebral column is part of the A. axial skeletonB.

appendicular skeleton

B
The clavicle is part of the A. axial skeletonB. appendicular skeleton
A
The sternum is part of the A.

axial skeletonB. appendicular skeleton

B
The glenoid labrum is part of the _____ joint while the acetabular labrum is part of the _____ jointA. elbow; kneeB.

shoulder; hipC. shoulder; kneeD. elbow; hipE. shoulder; elbow

A
The anterior cruciate ligament prevents _____ displacement of the tibiaA. anterior B. posteriorC. lateralD.

medial E. radial

C
Which of the following is mismatched?A. shoulder joint – corahumeral ligamentB. elbow joint – radial collateral ligamentsC. hip joint – cruciate ligamentsD. knee joint – patellar ligamentsE. ankle – calcaneofibular ligament
x

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