Human Growth and Development Essay

Harmonizing to Jean Piaget’s theory of Cognitive Development children’s cognitive development formal operations is established at the cognitive development phase of approximately age 12 to 15 old ages. This is reflected in the child’s ability to ground adolescence hypothetically and independently on concrete provinces of personal businesss. with the constructions represented by the logical combination systems. The rates at which kids will come on through the development sequence developed by Piaget may change from one civilization to the other ; in add-on. different kids vary in footings of the countries of working to which they do use their formal operation. in line with their aptitudes and professional specialisation.

Therefore. this paper aims at doing most of Jean Piaget’s theory of ego-centrism of childhood and stripling to assist calculate out the contemplation of de-egocentricity which is the kernel of kid and stripling development concerned in the movie The Outsiders through the character Ponyboy Curtis a 14 twelvemonth old in the movie. The movie showcases a clang between two packs. the wetbacks and Socs. whereby immature grownups comprise the pack members every bit good as their major supporters.

Introducing the Theory of ego-centrism of childhood and adolescence

Jean Piaget a Swiss bookman started analyzing rational development in the 1920s. with the theory of ego-centrism of childhood and adolescence being of great importance to Piaget. and particularly so in familial epistemology. Harmonizing to Piaget. egoism is the most dramatic lack that contributes to other rational defects. In his definition. Piaget looks at ego-centrism as the inclination to see the universe from one’s ain position and holding a difficultly acknowledging the other party’s point of position.

This status is chiefly caused by the fact that the kid will merely speak about themselves neglecting to set he or herself in the others point of position. This is the instance in the first two phases of Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Theory. The four phases in the theory are the first between birth to 2 old ages which is the sensor-motor phase. 2 to 7 old ages the preoperational phase. concrete operational phase between 7 to 11 old ages. and the concluding phase consists of formal operations from 11 old ages and supra.

Adolescents are observed to be less egoistic than the younger kids. this is attributed to the fact that as they grow they become cognizant of the being of others being. Therefore. it is believed striplings bit by bit abandon egoism of kids in many facets. However. it is of import to observe that when these abilities foremost develop. striplings may hold a job separating their thought from that of the ideas of others. Therefore. an stripling may see others point of position with their ain manner of think ; hence one will be given to believe of how others will believe of him or herself ( Shi. 2014 ) .

On the other manus. de-egocentrism is based on Jean Piaget’s theory of ego-centrism of childhood and adolescence. The influence of ego-centrism tends to decrease with the coming of age. that is. striplings tend to dispose of their ego-centrism along with the coming of age. Therefore. the others can look at the procedure of de-egocentrism as the kernel of kids and striplings abandoning their ego-centrism when pass oning with each other. seeking to appreciate the others point of position and seeking to do they be understood ( Shi. 2014 ) .

De-egocentrism in the movie

The secret plan tallies by Ponyboy Curtis a immature stripling and a member of the lower-class pack wetbacks. The Ponyboy lives with his two senior brothers Darrel and Soda. Well Ponyboy seem to prefer Soda to Darrel since the senior Darrel tends to handle him as if he was 6 alternatively of 14 old ages. When the Socs pack onslaughts Ponyboy on his manner place. Darrel blames him for non transporting a blade with him. From his point of position. Ponyboy feels Darrel is merely faulting him since he is views him as another oral cavity to happen and person to shout at. At this point Ponyboy does non understand why Darrel shouts at him. doing a misinterpretation between the brothers portraying Ponyboy’s egoism. He regards Darrel with his ain manner of thought. neglecting to understand him from Darrel point of position. Darrel sacrifices everything to see to it that Ponyboy is successful in life. and believes Ponyboy will ne’er neglect to populate up to his outlooks. nevertheless. all these is beyond Ponyboy’s apprehension ( Ford. 1983 ) .

Harmonizing Shi ( 2014 ) . Ponyboy’s egoism seem to be cast off when the brothers are reunited in the infirmary. Ponyboy sees Darrel shouting with cryings turn overing toss off his biddies. and he realizes all over sadden that Darrel does care approximately him as he is seeking excessively difficult to do something of his younger brother Ponyboy. It is at this point that Ponyboy accomplishes the undertaking of de-egocentricity through the realisation of the importance of understanding others. During this transmutation. Ponyboy undergoes a great trade of defeat. by which he realizes the significance of understanding others. With the projecting off of his prejudice against his brother. he manages to separate his believing on his ain ideas. from the believing about the ideas of his brother in the procedure groking his brother’s point of view.

Ponyboy’s egoism gives rise to the dislocation of Soda his 2nd brother in the movie. Ponyboy might hold loved Soda more than anybody else in their household ; nevertheless. he failed to understand him. When Soda eventually breaks. Ponyboy tries to understand Soda’s hurt of interrupting up with his girlfriend and his quandary towards his struggles between Darrel and him. It is from this point that Ponyboy starts attaching great importance to others alternatively of merely himself. in the procedure giving up his ego-centrism. which his procedure of de-egocentricity. The brothers get to maturate in understanding with the three of them understanding and recognizing they ought to lodge to together against all odds. Therefore. the procedure of de-egocentricity helps them recognize the importance of brotherlike fondness.

Ponyboy and Cherry Valance a cheerleader at the school and the Soc’s leader’s girlfriend bask a friendly chart and portion some interesting clip with Ponyboy. They are both interested in watching the sundowns though from different topographic points. Cherry is from the upper category while Ponyboy is from the lower category. and despite this difference. they can bask the same sundown showcasing a degree of de-egocentricity. However. Cherry will non accept Ponyboy as friend in public and evens warns him against it. exposing her ego-centrism. Later ain Cherry’s de-egocentrism makes her base in defence of the wetbacks when they are attacked by the Socs ( Shi. 2014 ) .


Under human growing and development. socialisation is a really of import facet. This is a procedure by which get behaviours and beliefs of the civilization they live in. and this procedure is known to convey about three results. which are self ordinance leting one to hold self-denial. The 2nd result is function readying leting readying of occupational and gender functions. and thirdly. is the cultivation of beginnings of significances supplying solace and counsel. In the movie The Outsiders. Ponyboy undergoes a complete transmutation from goons into a promising stripling who peruses glorious triumph through valorous workss. Therefore. socialisation means striplings seeking to follow with set societal norms which act a turning point in the development of striplings.

Jean Piaget is among the psychologists who believe that equals may lend every bit much as an grownup or even more to the development of a kid or an stripling ( Piaget. 2008 ) . For case. Johnny is an stripling every bit immature as Ponyboy. who is seen to be glooming after being beaten up severely by the Socs. Having been deprived of household fondness he seen as the gang’s pet and everyone’s child brother. Missing a positive self-identity he is forced to seek self-pride by placing with the group ‘the greasers’ . Ponyboy and Jonny develop great friendly relationship and they get along good together. When Ponyboy has conflicted with his brothers he runs off to happen solace in Johnny ( Shi. 2014 ) .


De-egocentricity is characterized by the apprehension of others among striplings persons. which is a contemplation of adolescents’ internal approach of age is the procedures undergone by Ponyboy. On the other manus. socialisation signifies the consciousness of societal norms to act in a manner that is acceptable to the society. which is an discernible external behaviour of coming of age. Therefore. through a psychoanalytical survey The Outsiders reveals a important procedure of immature adults’ de-egocentricity and socialisation so as their ain values and fulfils the undertaking of coming to age as Jean Piaget puts it in his Theory of Cognitive Development.

Ford. F. . Hinton. S. E. . Dillon. M. . Macchio. R. . Swayze. P. . Lowe. R. . … & A ; Waldspurger. R. The Outsiders ( movie ) . Piaget. J. ( 2008 ) . Intellectual development from adolescence to adulthood. Human Development. 51 ( 1 ) . 40-47. Shi. D. ( 2014 ) . De-egocentricity and Socialization: A Study of Hinton’s The Outsiders. Theory and Practice in Language Studies. 4 ( 4 ) . 668-674.


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