RealismRealism is a way to study and practice international politics.

It emphasizes the role of the national state and gives a broad assumption that all citizens are motivated by national interests. At its most basic level, the national interest is easy to define: all states try to maintain their political independence and their regional integrity. However, once these two interests have been secured, national interests can take different forms.

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Some states may be interested in securing more resources or land. Other states may wish to extend their own political or economic systems to other areas. Some states may only want to be alone.Realism is basically a focus on the state. That means that the state is the most important analysis unit. As the Syrian conflict originates and takes place within a country, realistic schooling does not have much to do with regard to the emergence of the conflict. One might argue that the human nature which, according to realism, is power and selfish could be applied to the Syria case. However, these characteristics are applied according to the theory of state behavior rather than individual actors and groups.

Development The main strength of the realistic approaches in this analysis is that it has much to say about the development of the conflict over time and how it has been maintained without coming closer to a solution. In particular, the theory focuses on underlying explanations of the failure of the international community to work together to develop a desirable solution. It can find its explanation by looking at the most relevant superpowers, the United States, China and Russia, action on the issue and the factors behind this action. Russia’s actions can in many cases find its explanation based on the realistically important concept of self-interest. Media has in many cases pointed out that Russian action is due to economic cooperation between countries, which would mean that international intervention would prevent this economic interest. The Alliance between countries has meant that the countries are  part of a trade cooperation. Russia, for example, supplies Syria with financial and military support in the ongoing conflict. However, there are more prominent factors behind Russian interest than the economic benefits that the Alliance provides.

The benefits that an Allies in the Middle East provide are more important than the direct economic trade gains. Like other great powers, this geographical area is extremely important to hold influence over both because of the rich natural resources that exist and that it is an important trade route between Europe and Asia. In this context, the Russian interest can be explained by geostrategic and geopolitical factors. The financial support that Syria receives from the cooperation thus gives Russia an important geopolitical alliance. A second realistic important concept, balance of power, is put into play here. It is of great Russian interest that primarily the United States does not have an increased influence in this economically significant part of the world.

Therefore, the American interest with allies in the area meets the same coin from the Russian side in order to maintain a balance of power. Therefore, the risk of the United States receiving a world-leading international position is reduced. Furthermore, it can be said that the Russian attitude towards international interventions follows a realistic pattern. They mean that it is not the task of the international community to violate a country’s sovereignty in order to implement a regime change. By suspicion against the United States, therefore, Russia is trying to shape the international system, through veton, so that such intervention could not be possible to hit its own country.

Solution Realism has a pessimistic view of the possibility of a solution and peace. School education is also quite cynical to conflicts that have occured in countries. Since there is no superior world government, it is up to all states to themselves look for their own security. The state must therefore be able to secure itself both from domestic and foreign policy threats as it can not rely on any help from other states. The realistic theory is therefore pessimistic to an international solution by the United Nations. It means that states only include international agreements and partnerships to benefit themselves and not to ensure the best for all states.

The state’s own interest is highly relevant in the game within 20 international organizations and agreements. This has been demonstrated by the diplomatic support Syria received from their Russian alliance. A solution to the conflict in Syria must therefore come from within the country itself and not with the help of international actors. These actors should act for self-interest rather than humanitarian reasons and instead contribute to greater international instability than a desirable solution.


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