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Job evaluation and its objective Sample Essay

1. Introduction

Every organisation needs to guarantee that there is a just. just appraisal and finding of occupation worth for the intent of compensation through a comprehensive occupation rating system. The occupation rating procedure helps to set up the grade degree for a peculiar occupation. The terminal consequence of the occupation rating procedure is a ranking of the occupations in the organisation in which the more complex. responsible and skilled occupations are grouped at the higher terminal of the hierarchy. while the less complex autumn at the lower terminal of the organization’s hierarchy.

2. Definition

Job rating is the procedure of analysing and measuring the assorted occupations consistently to determine their comparative worth in an organisation. Job is evaluated on the footing of their content and is placed in the order of importance. It should be noted that in a occupation rating plan. the occupations are ranked and non the jobholders. Jobholders are rated through public presentation assessment. Job rating is a procedure of happening out the comparative worth of a occupation as compared to other occupations.

3. Aims of occupation rating

One on the chief aims of occupation rating is to garner informations and information relating to occupation description. occupation specification and employee specifications for assorted occupations in an organisation. This will facilitates and do the rating of occupation easier to cipher and administrate.

Another aim is to compare the responsibilities. duties and demands of a occupation with that of other occupations as to find the hierarchy and topographic point of assorted occupations in an organisation. To find the ranks or classs of assorted occupation. The ranks and classs of occupation will establish on the occupation values. The CEO of an organisation would normally be the highest graded occupation. Then the GM being the following lower rank and so on. Through this procedure. unneeded occupation rates of wage are eliminated.

Finally. it guarantee just and just rewards on the footing of comparative worth or value of occupations. it minimizes pay favoritism based on sex. age. caste. part and faith. Job rating achieved this by protecting employees from arbitrary determination with regard to their wage. Through the usage of a well-designed and enforced occupation rating system. occupations are rated based on nonsubjective factors and non on arbitrary determinations. This agreement serves protect employees from being exploited or become victims of favouritism and favoritism.

Job rating is frequently used when:

– finding wage and scaling constructions

– guaranting a just and equal wage system

– make up one’s minding on benefits proviso – eg fillips and autos

– comparing rates against the external market

– undergoing organizational development in times of alteration

– set abouting calling direction and sequence planning

– reexamining all occupations post-large-scale alteration. particularly if functions have besides changed.

It is indispensable to hold clear. elaborate and up-to-date occupation descriptions on which to establish the occupation rating.

4. Types of occupation rating

There are two chief types of occupation rating: analytical strategies. where occupations are broken down into their nucleus constituents. and non-analytical strategies. where occupations are viewed as a whole. The usage of an analytical strategy offers a better defense mechanism if a claim is made to an employment court for equal wage for work of equal value.

4. 1 Analytic strategies

These offer greater objectiveness in appraisal as the occupations are broken down in item. and are the 1s most frequently used by administrations. Examples of analytical strategies include Points Rating and Factor Comparison.

Points Rating

This is the most normally used method. The cardinal elements of each occupation. which are known as ‘factors’ . are identified by the administration and so interrupt down into constituents. Each factor is assessed individually and points allocated harmonizing to the degree needed for the occupation. The more demanding the occupation. the higher the points value. Factors normally assessed include:

Knowledge and accomplishments

*work experience


*external makings

*specialist preparation

*length of service

Peoples direction

*human dealingss accomplishments

*ability to cover with work force per unit area

*supervisory duty

Communication and networking

*social accomplishments



Freedom to move

*depth of control

*supervision received




*analytical ability

Working environment

*knowledge of particular on the job patterns

*breadth of direction accomplishment required

Impact and influence


*impact on clients


*results of mistakes

Fiscal duty


This list is non meant to be thorough. but gives illustrations of the features that are often measured.

Factor Comparison

Factor Comparison is similar to Points Rating. being based on an appraisal of factors. though no points are allocated. Use of the Factor Comparison method is non every bit widespread as the Points Rating systems. because the usage of points enables a big figure of occupations to be ranked at one clip.

4. 2 Non-analytical strategies

These are less nonsubjective than analytical strategies. but are frequently simpler and cheaper to present. Methods include occupation ranking. paired comparings and occupation categorization.

Job ranking

This is the simplest signifier of occupation rating. It is done by seting the occupations in an administration in order of their importance. or the degree of trouble involved in executing them. or their value to the administration. Opinions are made about the functions based on facets such as the jobs’ range and impact. their degree of liberty. the complexness of their undertakings and the cognition and accomplishments needed. Once this analysis is done. the occupations together form a hierarchy which indicates the different degrees. or ranks. within the administration.

Administrations frequently divide the ranks into classs. The figure of classs chosen will depend on the organisation’s needs. This procedure is easy understood by employees and is comparatively inexpensive to set about.

Paired comparings

This is a statistical technique used to compare each occupation with others in an administration. Using a superior signifier. points are allocated to the occupation:

*two points if it is considered to be of higher value

*one point if it is regarded as equal worth

*no points if it is less of import.

The tonss are added up and so the concluding overall ranking can be given. Mated comparings gives greater consistence. but takes longer than occupation superior as each occupation is considered individually.

Job categorization

This method is besides known as occupation rating. Before categorization. an in agreement figure of classs are determined. normally between four and eight. based on undertakings performed. accomplishments. competences. experience. enterprise and duty. Clear differentiations are made between classs. The occupations in the administration are so allocated to the determined classs.

5. Decision

Job rating has evolved into many different signifiers and methods. Consequently. broad fluctuation exist in its usage and how it perceived. No affair how occupation rating is designed. it utimate usage is to assist design and managed work related. concern focused and agreed upon wage construction.

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