“Learning to Read” by Malcolm X Sample Essay

In Learning to Read. Malcolm X. one of the most articulate and powerful leaders of black America during the sixtiess. depict his battle of self-cultivation while being incarcerated. Malcolm Ten composed his journey of self-in order to convey the message that the reader should endeavor to look for more than what is taught to them by the public school system. to. in a manner. look outside the box.

The three parts of the rhetorical trigon. to analyse Learning to Read. are the audience. writer. and text ( sometimes referred to as the statement ) . In Learning to Read. the chief audience is comprised of those who are being educated by the public school system. The writer of Learning to Read is. merely. Malcolm X. Malcolm X was one of the most facile and influential Afro-american leaders during the het 1960 segregation period of America. He was noted as being the taking spokesman for black segregation. a doctrine that urged African-Americans to cut political. communal. and fiscal ties with the white community ; in other words. intending that African-Americans should diverge from being portion of White America. He became an Orthodox Muslim in 1964 and was assassinated in 1965. The text ( or statement ) of the work was to carry the targeted audience that they should endeavor to look for more than what is taught to them by the public school system. Malcolm X chose to show this text due to the fact that he was self-educated during his stay in prison.

Context is defined as the larger textual and cultural environment in which specific rhetorical Acts of the Apostless take topographic point. This means that while Malcolm X was incarcerated. there were larger events impacting his perceptual experience. As Malcolm X taught himself to read. the racial events in America were really heated. The animus that Malcolm X had toward the Anglo-Americans showed in Learning to Read. One illustration of Malcolm Xs despise of Whites is when he states. Book after book showed me how the white adult male had brought upon the universes black. brown. ruddy. and xanthous peoples every assortment of the agony of development ( X 248 ) . After being in the dark for so long refering the truth about racism. Malcolm X was shocked after reading about how the white adult male had brought about a big sum of wretchedness to every other race.

This fueled the demand to emphasize black segregation and the demand for African-Americans to divide themselves from White America. Another illustration of Malcolm Xs nauseating attitude toward the Anglo-Americans is refering the Opium War in China. Malcolm X negotiations of white Christian bargainers who sent 1000000s of lbs of opium into China. By 1839. so much of the Chinese population was addicted to opium that the Chinese authorities had to destruct twenty thousand lbs of the drug. Due to this event. the white Christian bargainers declared war against China. Imagine! Declaring war upon person who objects to being narcotized!

The Chinese were badly beaten. with Chinese-invented gunpowder ( X 249 ) . This statement shows the sarcasm that Malcolm X perceived the white adult male acted out. Not merely did they assail an addicted state. but they did it with the state ain arm. Not merely did this occur. but the Treaty of Nanking forced the Chinese to pay the British for the destroyed opium. opened the Chinese ports to British trade. forced the Chinese to abandon the metropolis of Hong Kong. made the Chinese import duties so low that inexpensive British goods flooded in. which badly hurt the Chinese industrial development. This event in history merely furthered Malcolm Xs push for black segregation.

I knew right at that place in prison that reading had changed everlastingly the class of my life. As I see it today. the ability to read awoke inside me some long hibernating craving to be mentally alive ( X 250 ) . This statement by Malcolm X relates to the context of instruction in the United States. In Rereading America. a subdivision entitled Learning Power. tracked the patterned advance of instruction in the United States from the Puritan society to the present. As the demands moved from emphasizing moral and spiritual preparation to the current demands of modern instruction. so did the context of instruction in the United States did.

Additionally. Malcolm X. approaching the terminal of his work. stated that. I imagine that one of the biggest problems with colleges is there are excessively many distractions. excessively much panty-raiding. fraternities. and boola-boola and all of that. Where else but a prison could I have attacked my ignorance by being able to analyze intensely sometimes every bit much as 15 hours a twenty-four hours? ( X 251 ) . Simply intending that he was unimpressed with the current instruction system. He argued that his ability to larn would be badly impeded by the distractions that the public instruction system offers.

In Rereading Americas opening subdivision. the reader is presented with an account of cultural myths as our ability of accepting certain ways of looking at the universe. and ever of thought and being. Malcolm X provided a specific case of the context of these cultural myths in stating that. And I read the histories of assorted states. which opened my eyes bit by bit. so wider and wider. to how the whole universes white work forces had so acted like Satans. plundering and raping and hemorrhage and run outing the whole universes colored people ( X 248 ) . The books that Malcolm X read instilled certain cultural myths in the judgment of the Anglo-Americans. which influenced his acquisition prejudice. He felt that he could non hold learned such things while being educated in public schools.

These cases helped the reader situate Malcolm Xs undertaking statement of the targeted audience should endeavor to look for more than what is taught to them by the public school system. The information provided by Malcolm X was presented in order to open the eyes of the audience to hold more experience in the larger context. intending the current state of affairs in America. I dont believe anybody of all time got more out of traveling to prison than I did ( X 251 ) . His ability to be self-educated proven far more hearty to him instead than being educated in the syllabus-and-requirement goaded public school system.


Works CitedColombo. Gary et Al. Rereading America. 6th. erectile dysfunction. Bedford/St. Martins. New York: 2004.

X. Malcolm. Learning to Read. Colombo. Gary et al. 243-251.


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