“Britons are among the most unethical travellers in the world, ignoring global environmental damage and riding roughshod over local population and their needs.” This is the hypothesis my assignment will explore to find out if it is truthful or not. I will also relate to other statement such as “All inclusive resorts in the Caribbean, Africa, and Sri Lanka attract up to a million Britons every year-up from 400,000 in 1996-but many visitors never get beyond the fortified gates built to keep locals out. Such holidays encourage little additional spending.”
The locals of countries that have tourists from Britons visiting are not happy with the way they respect the culture and traditions of the country “People generally do not make an effort to learn a countries record, and if they come across the information, they will generally not be deterred.” British tourists travel all around the world, but if the hypothesis reflects on the behaviour of the tourists is another question and so I will use this piece of work to find out the answer. I will do this by using a questionnaire and ask 10 people of random ages. Then I will use the results and put them into graphs. Then I will come to a conclusion on if the hypothesis is truthful or not. The main hypothesis and other statements are all from “The Observer,” which is a national newspaper. The date of the article was the 28th October 2001.
The damage that tourists can cause to the environment may not sound like a lot but when you find the facts it builds up. The damage tourists can cause is that trees are cut down to produce more facilities for the tourists i.e. hotels. These are built due to pressure of the demands of tourists as they demand more facilities and so when more tourists are attracted then more tourists are attracted to the attraction and so then more hotels and facilities are required for the more tourists. Beachfronts are destroyed as hotels are built for tourists, as they also want the hotel to surround a nice landscape. Forests are cut down including endangered rainforests. These forests are cut down, habitats are destroyed and at the same time animals become endangered. Also more buildings are built which may cause mire pollution depending on the building. This leads to more greenhouse gases and pollutes the air causing acid rain and people with asthma are t risk from health problems.
The worst thing about tourism is that it also destroys cultures. The local people of The Gambia say that tourism is a “two way experience.” They complain about tourists walking around half naked and not dressed properly dressed. They complain of tourists walking around like it’s there own place. This annoys the locals as they try to sell the tourists clothing etc but the tourists just do what they want and so damaging the culture and so the culture is changed. Most tourists for example in The Gambia stay in Rich hotels and so use their facilities and so they don’t have to go out and buy things. So nearly all the profit made goes to the government and so the people in the markets etc don’t benefit and so the locals don’t benefit from tourism.
Eco friendly tourism is basically tourism that is friendly to the environment for example you staying in a tent as a tourist is eco friendly tourism as you are not damaging the environment in anyway, so this is eco friendly. This compared to staying in a hotel which is not eco friendly as to build the hotel in the first place as trees, habitats would of been destroyed. Eco friendly tourism could help as there would be less damage to the environment as in rainforests being cut down, habitats being destroyed, animals being endangered and more pollution etc. This would help the environment greatly and so help stop the environment from being destroyed. Ethical tourism is when the tourists show concern for the local people and
their culture and respect their traditions and don’t walk around half naked if it’s against the tradition of the people of the country. If the tourists respect the traditions and culture and don’t just stay in the hotel and so shop in local markets etc there would be know arguments between the local people and the tourists.
I will use a questionnaire to find out the truth of the hypothesis. The questionnaire will consist of 10 questions, which 7 of them will be yes/no questions. I will ask 10 people the questionnaire and the age of the people I ask will be spread out so I can get more accurate results and come to more conclusions about if the elderly generation care more than the younger generation. Then after collecting my information I will make tables and graphs of results and then come to a conclusion to see if the hypothesis is a truthful one or not. I will make sure I will ask people randomly and so of any nationality, age and background. Also by doing this I will make conclusions on the different points of views by the difference in ages.
Section 5 ; 6
This Pie chart shows us the how many males and females where asked the questionnaire. We can clearly see that half of the people where male and the other half females. In this case 5 were males and 5 were females.
This pie chart shows us the age of the people asked the questionnaire. We can clearly see that more 12-18 year olds and 31-50 year olds were asked than 19-30 year olds and 50+ year olds. The actual figure for the amount of 12-18 year olds asked was 3 as the case with 31-50 year olds. But with the 19-30 year olds there was only 2 people asked as with the 50+year olds also.
This chart shows us how many people believe that tourists should be educated about the local environment and culture. We can clearly see that 8 out of the 10 people asked thought yes they should and the 2 other people thought no they should be educated.
This line graph shows us that the majority of people think that resorts should be landscaped to fit the local environment. So overall 8 people thought yes and 2 people thought no that the resorts shouldn’t be landscaped to fit the local environment. So in these results we can see that majority of the people were environmentalists or cared about the environment.
The area graph clearly shows us that majority of people thought yes that the behaviour of tourists shouldn’t offend the local people in anyway. There were 9 people who thought yes and only 1 who didn’t and this was a male aged from 12-18, this may be a point for the evaluation that youngsters don’t care as much as Adults. Overall majority of people said yes and so we can see form this that most people do care for the locals of other countries and so don’t offend them in anyway.
This bar chart clearly shows that there was a equal share of few between the people. 5 people said yes that tourists must accept that water supplies maybe limited and 5 people said no.
This bar chart shows us that all the people asked this question agreed that tourists shouldn’t litter or cause pollution. This shoes that more people now care about the environment and so it’s a good thing.
This line graph shows that majority of people asked believe that yes wildlife and people shouldn’t be harassed for photographs. 9 people said yes and 1 said no.
This area graph shows us that all 10 people questioned if they think that tourists must follow the rules and laws of the country they are following said answered yes. This shows that tourists do care listen to the laws and rules of the place they are visiting and so respect this fact.
Overall I believe that the hypothesis is not true at all as my results show. Most of the yes/no questions should have been answered yes as it was the most sensible answer. Overall in the whole of the yes/no questions 84% were answered yes and only 16% were answered no. This just proves my point that the statement in the hypothesis is hardly true at all as the results and percentages suggest. Other conclusions I came to were that all age groups answered the questions in a sensible manner and I couldn’t really conclude that the older generation cared more about the affect of tourism than the youngsters.
Although in the question do you believe that the behaviour of tourists shouldn’t offend the local people in anyway, I found that that all the people answered yes apart from one 12-18 year old, his can tell us there are the odd youngsters around with this attitude but not that much which is a good thing. So to sum up the hypothesis is not true and in my own opinion I don’t totally agree with the hypothesis statement but I do believe in it as in the way English tourists walk around half naked, but again I mainly believe the statement is false and so do my results.