Lord of the Flies Essay

Power In the United States of America, the government follows the structure of a Democracy. Which meaner there is a president, a man who has a large say in whatever decisions are made. Once it’s time for a new man to take in the honor of being president, it is up to that person to decide how they want to use their newly granted power. In the novel, Lord of the Flies written by William Gilding, the power shifts back and forth between Jack and Ralph multiple times. Just like every new president has their own unique ways of using their power, Jack and Ralph also have facial ways of using the power they earn.

Throughout the novel, Lord of the Flies written by William Gilding, Gilding develops the theme of power through Jack and Rally’s different tactics with power, Rally’s actions with power, and Jacks commanding presence with power. As Ralph and Jack take charge in the book, they have similarities and differences with their tactics of using power. Early in the novel, Gilding demonstrates their differences, “Ralph turned to him. You’re no good on a Job like this. ‘ ‘All the same-‘We don’t want you’ said Jack, flatly. ‘Three’s enough. “(24, Gilding).

While Ralph and Jack both assert authority over Piggy, Ralph at least tries to explain his reasoning, whereas Jack brings personal insult to the matter. This could be Gilding trying to shower the reader a mark off good leader, in Ralph, and a bad leader, in Jack. In chapter one, the author writes ” ‘Jacks in charge of the choir. They can be-what do you want them to be? ‘Hunters’ Jack and Ralph smiled at each other with shy liking. The rest began to talk eagerly’ (23, Gilding). Ralph and Jack are made similar by their desire for power, but differ in their treatment of that power.

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Ralph is happy to use it towards the others liking, but Jack will later want it all for himself. In the beginning of the novel, Ralph declares that who ever is holding the conch shell will have the right to speak. Later, when Jack has started his own tribe, the conch has no power at all. Gilding is expressing the different ideas and beliefs the two boys have once they grab a hold of power. Since Ralph and Jacks thoughts on power contrast so much, different outcomes will occur after one of them shows off their power. As the novel unravels, Gilding likes to give Ralph a generous attitude when using is power.

Towards the middle of the story, the author prints “Ralph pushed Piggy to one side. ‘l was chief, and you are going to do what I said” (70, Gilding). Although, Ralph asserts his power here, he does for the sake of the signal fire and the prospect of getting rescued. For Ralph, power is a meaner to an end, not the end itself. Later in the Novel, Gilding inscribes “Something deep in Ralph spoke for him. ‘I’m chief. I’ll go. Don’t argue. ” (104, Gilding). When Jack painted his face, we saw that “the mask compelled” the boys to obey. Here, too, it is not Ralph, but rather “something deep in” IM that speaks.

For better or worse, both boys are affected by their roles as leaders. In the first scenes of the story, Ralph blows the conch and all the boys circle around him. They stare at him waiting for him to speak. This scene, Gilding is trying to portray how Ralph is going to be depicted throughout the story, as a leader. While Ralph uses his power to solve the problem that the boys find themselves in, Jack loves to use his power as it they’re never going to escape the island. From start to finish, Jack demands a commanding role among the boys and chooses to use his power aggressively.

Early in the book, Gilding writes, ” ‘A fire! Make a fire! ‘ At once half the boys were on their feet. Jack clamored among them, the conch forgotten. ‘Come on. Follow me” (38, Gilding). Jack realizes the situation that he has found himself in and takes advantage of impulsive mob mentality to get his way, whereas Ralph appeals to reason. Midway through the book, the author writes, ” ‘And you shut up! Who are you, anyways? Sitting there telling people what to do. You chant hunt, you can’t sing-‘ ‘I’m chief. I was chosen. ‘ Why should choosing make any difference?

Just giving orders that don’t make any sense-” (91 , Gilding). In this scene, Jack expresses his power by becoming very mad at Ralph for some decisions that he made. Democracy has no value for Jack. His ambition blinds him to the point where he sees no “sense” in Rally’s grounded and reasonable orders. Late in the novel, Gilding quotes ” Jack spoke. ‘Give me a drink. ‘ Henry brought him a shell and he drank, watching Piggy and Ralph over the Jagged rim. Power lay in the brown swell of his forearms: authority sat on his shoulder and chattered in his ear like an ape. ” (1 50, Gilding).

As shown through this scene, Jack wears his emotions on his sleeve and chooses to do what he pleases. Jack decides to express his power loud enough for everyone to hear it, which is something Rally’s character lacked. Jack sure does have his unique way of demonstrating his power. That doesn’t substitute the fact that he still owns the leadership role on the island, whether he expresses it differently or not. Throughout the novel Lord of the Flies, written by William Gilding, the common theme of power develops as Jack and Ralph demonstrate their power, and all the efferent power tactics the two boys use.

As the story moves along, as a reader, you get the sense that Gilding is trying to send you a message. In this novel, with the theme being power, the message is power is all around us but its how people adjust to it. Frederick Douglas once said, “Power concedes nothing without a demand. And it never did and never will. ” This quote is a painted image of what Gilding is trying to portray. He gives his main characters, Jack and Ralph, this certain swagger and confidence when it comes to making decisions, and that is why the lesson revolves around power.

Lord of the Flies

Throughout William Golding’s novel Lord of the Flies, Ralph and Jack’s struggle for control initially spawns the building of a civilization but ultimately leads to chaos. Although Ralph reassures the others with logic and order, in the beginning, his influence gradually declines as the island descends into savagery, and he loses his grip on humanity. At the beginning of the novel, Ralph cannot understand why the others would have the feeling of bloodlust and savagery. He is frustrating with the hunters, who are chanting and dancing together. Ralph still remains humanity in the very beginning, and he doesn’t want to be part of the hunter. He tries to maintain the order among the boys, as he has a strong desire to go back to the civilization. As the novel moved forward, Ralph slowly understands that savagery within all the people. “We can light the fire again. You should have been with us, Ralph. We had a smashing time. The twins got knocked over… We hit the pig…”(Golding, pg. 69). There is a ship on the sea, which made Ralph happy because people on the ship could save them if they see the signal fire. However, he soon realized that the fire was out. Ralph was angry with the hunters because they won’t lose the opportunity to rescue from the island if the hunters paid good attention to guard the fire. When Ralph found the hunters, he noticed that they’ve killed a pig. As the hunters solved the problem of eating, Ralph calmed himself down and tried to communicate with Jack. Ralph told Jack that the hunters let the fire go out. Jack, however, is too happy to care what Ralph said about the signal. This part shows Ralph’s logic because only he himself pointed out that setting up the signal fire was a good way to get the attention from the people who traveled through the island. When he realized that they lost the chance to leave the island and return to the civilization, the mood of angry overwhelmed him, which made him have the impulse to argue with the hunters. However, he controlled his anger and communicates with Jack dispassionately when he knew that the hunters make the contribution to the collective. This truth shows that Ralph still has humanity and his mind still keeps logical. Later on, Jack suggested that Ralph shouldn’t be chief just because he doesn’t hunt. Most of the boys agreed with Jack and joined his group. Although Ralph choose to join Jack’s tribe, his purpose was to save himself but not to join Jack with any hunting. Ralph tried to remain his humanity and not to let the savagery overwhelm him. However, when he first went to the hunting and hunted a boar, he experiences the feeling of bloodlust and violence, which made him happy with it, and he hardly gave up that exhilaration feeling. “Ralph was full of fright and apprehension and pride ‘I hit him! The spear stuck in—”(Golding, pg.113). Ralph was excited because of the hunting, and he even joined to play the hunting game, which the boys pretended Robert as the boar. “Ralph carried away by a sudden thick excitement, grabbed Eric’s spear and jabbed at Robert with it”(Golding, pg. 114). When he attended Jack’s feast, he was swept away by the frenzy, dances on the edge of the group. “Lifting his feet high out of the sand, Ralph started to stroll past”(Golding, pg. 149). While Piggy is yelling and dancing, Ralph laughing at him with the whole tribe, and Golding said that “everyone felt cheerful and normal”. Ralph was overwhelmed by the party and he participates in the killing of Simon. These direct information of the evil that exists within him is tragic for Ralph. Although Ralph is rescued and returned to civilization at the end of the story, he has a new understanding of the human capacity for evil. As a result, he cried when he saw the naval officer. William Golding created some impressive characters through the novel, who were gradually become animalistic from civilization, especially the main character Ralph. He had no ability to change the society on the island by himself. As a result, he could only adapt himself to the society, which constrains he loses humanity.


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