From 1638-1786. there were three absolute sovereign. Louis XIV. the Sun male monarch. construct a glorious tribunal at Versailles where he looked over the Lords. Peter the Great. the westernizer. changed Russia from a backward state into a great power. Finally. Frederick the Great. the enlightened tyrant. was full of tolerance and restraint and had good positions on authorities. He improved Prussia many ways.
Louis Fourteen increased his gross by taxing. bettering trade and commercialism. and gave favours to the in-between category for money. First. he appointed Colbert as his Minister of Finance. There were revenue enhancements such as taille ( land revenue enhancement ) . Plutos and douanes ( imposts responsibilities ) . and gabelle ( salt revenue enhancement ) . Louis spent this money on his wars. Colbert used this money for beef uping the state of France. Second. he abolished corrupt ways of roll uping revenue enhancements and removed useless offices to increase the king’s gross. Furthermore. Colbert improved trade and commercialism utilizing the mercantile system. which was a method of commercial warfare. Colbert besides established Gallic trading companies. He thought that France did non necessitate to purchase things from other states by doing settlements of its ain. Furthermore. he regulated clubs by look intoing the quality of the merchandises that they make. Another manner Louis increased his gross was by giving rubrics. naming offices. and set uping matrimonies to the in-between category. They were willing to pay for all of these wagess.
Louis controlled his Lords by constructing a glorious tribunal at Versailles. At Versailles. the “king provided amusements for them. and here he could maintain his oculus on them. ” The lone favours Louis could give to the Lords were to delegate offices. arrange matrimonies for their kids and give pensions. However. this was non plenty to administer to all the Lords. St. Simon provinces. “He sensed that he lacked by far adequate favors… . Therefore he substituted fanciful favours for existent ones… . ” Louis created simple undertakings like keeping the candle holder into an award. Furthermore. it was an award to be mentioned in Louis’ supplications.
Unlike Louis. Peter the Great had to catch up to the West. so he traveled to the European powers and copied their ground forces. type of authorities. and navy. First. the old Moscovy differed from Europe because it had “little exposure to the influence of the Renaissance or the Reformation. ” Second. Moscovy had “no great metropoliss. princely or Episcopal tribunals. ” Third. Moscovy did non hold art. in-between category or instruction. Peter traveled to the West in order to larn about other civilisations because Russia was behind in about every facet. He modeled other states and took their thoughts. There were besides many military reforms to beef up the ground forces and the naval forces. A manner that helped Peter catch up to the West was when he changed the capital to St. Petersburg. This allowed Peter to be closer to the West. The edifice “grew up with such antic velocity. and everything about it was so superb and new. However. during the edifice of St. Petersburg “half the work force died. ” Nevertheless. the edifice site took a new form everyday.
Since he “lacked courtly manners” . Peter’s personality was really different compared to Louis’ and Frederick’s. This caused him to be often embarrassed. Furthermore. he “neither hunted nor gambled. ” During his work. he wanted to be “the less taken notice of. ” He wore the same apparels as the people he worked with: “ [ He ] wore the same kind of wont which they did. ” Nevertheless. Peter was an absolute swayer even though he did non hold courtly manners.
Finally. Frederick the Great. the enlightened tyrant. was different from the other two sovereigns because he had many rational gifts such as tolerance and restraint. An illustration of his tolerance and restraint was when he allowed freedom of faith. Second. he did non care when there was a mark knocking him. Alternatively. he merely laughed. Another rational gift was his positions on authorities: “rulers should ever remind themselves that they are work forces like the least of their topics. ” Frederick reminded himself of this and was non contradictory. He besides believes that “princes. crowned heads. and male monarchs have non been given supreme authorization in order to populate in epicurean self-indulgence and orgy. ” Furthermore. Frederick states that “ruler and ruled can be happy merely if they are steadfastly united. ”
Frederick strengthened Prussia in many ways. First. he made the ground forces the “best combat machine” in Europe. He besides reclaimed barrens. built canals and improved industries. Religious tolerance increased the freedom of the people of Prussia. and he abolished anguish as a penalty. Frederick besides conquered Silesia and expanded Prussia’s boundary line.
In decision. all three of these absolute sovereign could alter their whole state drastically because of their power. For illustration. Peter the Great westernized Russia. If he was non an absolute sovereign. he would non hold been able to alter Russia. and Russia would go on being backwards.