Motivation is an inner drive that causes you to do something and persevere at something. Motivation is an inner drive that energize you to do something. It is the strength of the drive toward an action. It is the process of arousing sustaining interest in an activity in order to achieve a goal. Motivation specifies the conditions that predispose an individual to learn. Its importance lies in directing activities toward the achievement of a goal, controlling and directing human behavior, including spiritual and moral values and giving satisfaction and happiness to the individual.
Motivation is classified either intrinsic or extrinsic. Intrinsic motivation is evident when people engage in an activity for its own sake, without some obvious external incentive present. It is an internal stimulus that arouses one action. Extrinsic motivation refers to motivation that comes from outside learner such as motivation resulting from reinforcement in the form of high test scores or teacher compliment. It is usually necessary to develop the love of learning, or the ability to succeed mongo people.
It is done by giving awards, incentives, money, gifts and more. There are also different theories of motivation. One of the most popular is the Mascots theories, wherein in his theory, it discusses about five basic needs: First, are the Physiological needs, such as food, water, clothing and shelter. Unless they are satisfied everything else recedes. Second is the safety/Security needs. These are the needs for security, protection, stability, freedom from fear and anxiety. Third is the Love and belongingness needs, these needs refer to human family and friends.
Motivated people wish to avoid feelings of loneliness and isolation. Fourth one is the Esteem Needs, it centers on seeking recognition from others and from oneself as a worthwhile person. And lastly the Need for Self- Actualization, it is a motivating force that influences our actions. It is the tendency toward optimum realization of one’s potentialities. Students can help to improve their need achievement. This theory is an explanation of motivation that is related to competence, Judging it and increasing it.
Attribution theory is a cognitive theory of motivation that attempts to describe learner’s explanations for their successes and failures. Self determination theory is one of the most comprehensive cognition motivation theories; it examines both intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.