Mohammad Ali (b. January 17, 1942), Louisville, KY, USA) – American professional boxer, who spoke in the heavyweight category. Is generally recognized “icon sport”, one of the most famous and recognizable athletes in history, and the greatest person in the box. Bright speaker, distinguished memorable quotes, many of which are in the history of boxing. After a title clash with Sonny Liston, which was held February 25, 1964, Cassius Clay joined the organization “Nation of Islam” and changed his name to Cassius X and then to Muhammad Ali and later served under him.
At his peak, refused to serve in the U. S. Army, after which he was stripped of all his titles and banned from boxing for more than three years. On his return to the sport regained all the titles in the fight with the best boxers of the time that historians call the “golden period in the box. ” Between Ali and Joe Frazier was one of the most famous in the history of sport. At the end of the sports career has been actively engaged in charitable activities. Champion XVII Summer Olympics in 1960 in the light heavyweight weight class. Undisputed world cruiserweight champion (1964-1966, 1974-1978).
Five times received the title of “Boxer of the Year” (1963, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1978), and “Boxer Decade” (1970), according to the magazine “The Ring. ” Became the second boxer in history who won the award of “Athlete of the Year” by the magazine Sports Illustrated (1974). After his career was included in the Boxing Hall of Fame (1987), as well as to the International Boxing Hall of Fame (1990). Was voted “Sportsman of the Century” according to several sports publications. After a career Ali became involved in public and charitable activities, was also a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF (1998-2008). Visit to the USSR Ali of the USSR:
I was a little nervous when I landed in Russia. I thought I might see the country from the crowd zadripannuyu gloomy people who think like robots and agents that are listened to my room. I saw a country of a hundred nationalities live together in harmony … Muhammad Ali June 12, 1978, at the invitation of the USSR Sports Committee Muhammad Ali arrived with his wife Veronica in Moscow. He was greeted at the airport mainly journalists and officials. Among the greeters was a Soviet boxer Victor Ageev. After the official welcome guests were taken to the hotel “Metropol”, drove down the road in a circus on the colored Boulevard.
Yuri Nikulin welcomed athlete during a performance. The next morning, Ali made a run on the streets of Moscow and Red Square. On the third day, Ali visited the Central Institute of Physical Culture, where he spent a small press conference, then to the famous boxer conducted a tour of the institute. Ali later shoot at the shooting range, and drank tea with a Soviet boxer: Eugene Ogurenkovym, Konstantin Gradopolovym and Boris Lagutin The next day, Ali and his wife went by plane to Muslim centers of the USSR – Tashkent and Samarkand. In Tashkent, the delegation accommodated at a hotel “Tashkent”.
The program of the examination included the city, visiting the observatory of Ulugbek and Muslim mosque, where he was given a robe embroidered with gold thread Style and tactics of the fights At the peak of his career, Ali had high speed, in this index, he surpassed most of his opponents. His punches and moving around the ring was so fast that it was called a heavyweight with speed welterweight. Mohammed used his speed advantage to defensive actions, he relied on his reflexes, which was impressive and at the same time is dangerous – this style is not just let him down in a fight.
Many experts criticized the arrogant defense Ali. He almost never defended body than enjoyed his opponents. The most striking example of the failure of protection can be considered his first fight against Joe Frazier, when Mohammed lost a unanimous decision. If you can make the canons of a boxing match, then Ali broke almost every one of them, he has developed his own style. Mohammed moved around the ring on his toes, dodging enemy attacks, which created the “effect of dance. ” His hands were almost always omitted, not protecting your head.
Ali almost slapped on the body, as well as the attacks themselves were an impossible angle. One of the main objectives of Mohammed in battle was to keep the enemy at bay, he did better than anyone in the world, with a great jab. It is also good at it because of his anthropometric data, increasing 191 cm boxer Ali was considered high at the time. Despite the apparent ease of movement, Ali had the knockout blow: 37 fights in his career, he finished ahead of schedule, of which 12 were clean knockouts, and 25 – TKO – fights in which the referee stopped the fight.
Mohammed missed a lot of punches in the course of his career and almost always remained on his feet. Strong jaw, Ali can rightly be considered one of his best qualities. Several battles Ali showed great will to win, and in the fight against Ken Norton he boxed with a broken jaw. In fights against Sonny Banks, Henry Cooper and Chuck Vepnera Ali got knocked down, and then won the match. Ali was a master in the art of psychological impact on the opponent. He started a mental attack on his opponent in the press, writing poems and predicting in what round he would win.
Ali often deduced from their opponents themselves. This happened with Sonny Liston and Joe Frazier. The latter never forgave Ali even after Mohammed was diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease. Boxers made up a few years before his death, Frazier, but in his interview, Joe went on to say that it is still waiting for an apology from Ali. Official Achievements: Ali and his wife Jolanta received by President George W. Bush awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. 2005 Presidential Medal of Freedom (2005) Award from the organization Amnesty International.
Peace Medal Otto Ghana (2005) “Kentukkiets century”. “Luisvillets century”. Philadelphia Medal of Freedom (2012) Sports “Boxer of the Year” by the magazine “The Ring” (1963, 1972, 1974, 1975, 1978). “Boxer decade,” according to the magazine “The Ring” (1970). “Fight of the Year” by the magazine “Ring”: against Doug Jones (1963), against Sonny Liston (1964), with Joe Frazier (1971), against George Foreman (1974), with Joe Frazier (1975) “Athlete of the Year” by the magazine Sports Illustrated (1974).
Elected to Boxing Hall of Fame (1987) Inducted into the International Boxing Hall of Fame (1990). Award the Arthur Ashe on the channel ESPN (1997) The greatest heavyweight in the history of magazine’s “Ring” (1998). Greatest heavyweight XX century by Associated Press “Athlete of the Century” by the magazine GQ “Athlete of the XX century” by the magazine Sports Illustrated “Sports Person century” according to the BBC, BBC