Mary Shelley uses three storytellers in her complex narration of Frankenstein to make a certain grade of objectivity- the fresh starts with an epistolatory construction with the letters of Robert to Margaret with include an history of the life of Victor and that of the narration of the monster through the narration of Victor. The narrative secret plan is can be said is made of homocentric circles with Robert in the outer most circle. Victor in the 2nd circle and the monster in the innermost circle.
In the outmost narration of the four letters. which Robert writes to his sister Margaret. we move to an embedded narrative- the narration of Victor and the history of the latter so serves in to border the entrenched narration of the monster. The narrative of Robert can be called a “Chinese box structure” as we have narratives within narratives.
His narrative is a biographical one since he tells the narrative of Victor and that of the monster through the narration of the latter. His narrative is of import in the novel as it in through him that we come to cognize about the life and experience of Victor and the monster and his personal aspiration. There is no chronology in his narrative- he accounts for the experience of Victor and the monster individually. Robert is a dependable narrator-he takes note of the plot line of Victor. Furthermore he relates both the narration of Victor and the monster in a impersonal manner as he neither sides with Victor nor with the monster since he is related to neither of them. Yet some critics argue that Robert is non a entirely dependable storyteller as in the beginning of the novel he admires Victor:“My fondness for my invitee additions everyday. He excites at one time my admiration…”Furthermore the narration of Robert is non a direct reproduction of the narration of Victor and the monster:“…to record. every bit about as possible in his ain words.
what he has related during the twenty-four hours. If I should be engaged. I will at least do notes…”His narrative may incorporate his reading of some events instead than it really was in world.
However. though there are some defects in the narration of Robert he is a dependable storyteller since he is non subjective. Besides. Mary Shelly would non hold included Robert as a storyteller and could hold started Frankenstein with the life of Victor and the monster in a additive signifier secret plan like it is for the narrative construction of most of the novels.Through the missive of Robert. the narration of Victor is presented in as a subjective 1 since he describes his personal life with much hurting and he is on the defensive. The narration of Victor is linear- we are taken from the beginning of his narrative to the terminal: his happy childhood and adolescence with his household.
his instruction. his scientific compulsion. the creative activity of the monster. his rejection of the animal. his mental torment. the slaying of his close 1s by the monster.
his annoyance and eventually his decease. His narrative shows his downfall stairway. The narration of Victor parallels his egocentric compulsions. Robert sees Victor as an eloquent storyteller since he keeps on listening to him without disrupting him. He is a subjective storyteller since he evokes much pathos on Robert and the reader while associating his life narrative. For case. his history of the decease of William is written is extremely confused linguistic communication: the sentences are long and often broken up by semicolons.
as though each is sloping into another and this indicates the hurt of Victor. Robert describes the egotistic narration of Victor as “full-toned voice” .However. the narration of Victor to Robert is non to the full subjective as he besides recounts the narration of the monster. There is alteration in the tone of Victor while describing the narration of the monster:“His words had a unusual consequence on me. I compassionated him”The objectiveness of Victor is seen though his history of the narration of the monster since he shows the agony of the monster particularly with the episode at the De Lacey household which is at the nucleus of the novel.
His narrative makes us sympathize with the monster while depicting the bad experience which the latter faced. Through the torment of the animal Victor shows his irresponsibleness towards the monster. He could hold excluded this portion but he does non make so. Just like Victor the narration of the monster excessively follows chronology in depicting his downfall- it begins with his creative activity and rejection by its shaper and ends with his deathly sorrow. Mary Shelley humanizes the monster by doing him a storyteller. Robert and the readers are surprised when the storyteller speaks with fluency and utmost sensitiveness after Victor has painted him a cruel liquidator.
Mary Shelley is Robert. Victor and the monster since she is the writer of Frankenstein. She creates three storytellers to give three different readings of the narrative and to make objectiveness.
Furthermore she is playing with the readers by utilizing three storytellers. The tone of each storyteller invites the reader to go the audience: first we are the readers of the foreword and debut of the writer. so we become Margaret as she reads the missive of Robert. so we become Robert who listens to the experience of Victor and so we become Victor as he listens to the monster.
At the same clip we may happen ourselves placing with each storyteller in bend. We may experience ourselves come ining into the consciousness of Mary Shelley. Robert. Victor and the monster as they narrate their narratives. Mary Shelley makes her reader playing several functions at one time.By utilizing three storytellers Mary Shelley creates objectiveness as she makes her reader to believe in immense circles of opposing forces.
One force tries to maintain the circle house and closed but the opposing force interruptions out the circle and makes the reader flight claustrophobia and makes the narrative dependable and interrelated.