Nazi economic policy was the building blocks of the second world war German war machine and without it, it could not be possible and it would seem that rearmament and the possess of going to war was never too far from the Fuehrer’s mind, Hitler the man demonised and responsible for some of the worst atrocities the world as seen, yet also the man responsible for the total recovery of the German economy in a few short years and this would not have been possible without the expanding of territories and the commencing of increased industrial production, namely the production of rearmaments.
One of Hitler’s main aims which he felt necessary for not only to survival of Germany but obviously the eventual waging war was “autarchy” or self sufficiency he believed this to be imperative to the revival of the economy. Ores in Germany were cruder and of less quality that those others available to producers through importation, Hitler did not care about this neither did he care about the price of converting all blast furnaces to allow them to deal with this other type of ore, his only care was that it would create more jobs from mining and other internal jobs that were required for this increase in internal trade an production.
This along with other schemes of using substitute materials in the place of imported ones, famously was the outcry for butter and such other products that were not readily available this was because of the lack of import, or the slight redirecting of import Hitler “prioritised” what he thought were the necessities for import. All this was indicative of Hitler’s very hands on approach to economy he took control through direct action, leaving behind the previously preferred fashion of leaving small towns and other areas to fend for them selves and allow things to simply run their course.
Hitler helped small businesses and farms with tax relief’s which allowed them to flourish Germany whilst it was unable to self sustain its self with materials such as oil or certain materials that they could not find an appropriate substitute for they succeeded in areas such a potatoes and other food stuffs this was also aid by Hitler’s tight control over prices.
Perhaps I give Hitler to much credit he appointed the brilliant Schacht who had a wealth of experience as the economic minister he was a great economist but he was very against Hitler’s plans for rearmament due to the affect it would have on the economy. Rearmament was in mind from the beginning Hitler’s wish was that Germany became Wehrwiftschft in the sense that its economy could stand a war, this was not well met by Schacht who as I said was fully against rearmament but his job was to stabilise Germany’s economy which was the basis for it being able to wage war.
Hitler’s focus on industry and on the production of arms was instrumentally in its rearmament, also the reintroducing of conscription was not only pivotal in rearmament process but was also good for the general evaluating of the country fore when a person was under conscription not to mention the degree to which he expanded Germany’s army they did not show up on unemployment figures and this was not only good for Germany’s presence in the outside world as in how it was viewed but also in the countries self pride in the sense that it felt it was getting better and out of depression.
As I earlier referred to was the focus on import from Hitler he made the point of importing arms and other materials which were connected with arms this became famous amongst the Germany people as the “guns and butter” crisis many Germans were upset that they could not get their favourite food products, also famously this was reputed by a Nazi official who stated “that butter only makes you fat” this statement shook through the peoples of Germany and gave them a new feeling of pride that the guns they were importing were making them stronger.
Another rearmament tactic Hitler persuade was that of withdrawing from the league of countries, in this he detached him self from them and allowed himself to act more independently without having to answer to anyone else about his activities, this was well as placing troops in the Rhineland confirmed to him that surrounding countries were not interested in making war and wanted to avoid it if possible.
As far as the general recovery of Germany goes Hitler made many changes he abolished all trade unions, this was to put no limit on the work that he could demand of the workers in plants and other industrial places, this was pivotal because if trade unions still existed they would be a big obstacle for Hitler because they were affectively the voice of the workers and it would not be good to just ignore them, so instead he silence them than replaced them with his own type of unions that he had control over, this allowed him complete control.
He also ended all payments on reparations to countries that had been awarded subsidies after first word war along with all outstanding debts this was done to help the country recover and because of this Nazi party had few worries with not paying any debts unlike all governments before. Hitler and Schacht also made produced many new subsides for small businesses along with newly weds this allowed them small shop keeps to stay open and sell things at the specified prices, and for the newly married it allowed them to find a place to live and to make a life for them selves where they could work.
Some of this work would have been freed up by the pressuring of Jews to leave work forces across Germany not only would this free up skilled jobs but also accommodation which could be sold for a low price due to the Jews wish to leave the country. Another highly imaginative use of the people of Germany was to enforce the RAD or the youth labour scheme, the boys involved in this were not only employed to build things for their country for a pittance but were also exposed to all that Hitler and his subordinates wished they would be to ready them for the Hitler reign with all its new ideas and extremism.
In conclusion, I would suggest that it was an overwhelming force the Nazi government started as an extreme organisation which attempted a cue and many were ex-soldiers who were disillusioned about the loosing of ww1 including their leader Adolph Hitler, when Germany was in its stage or clawing back which it had lost, its policies suggested potential war mongering from its self-sufficient policies to its withdrawing from all talks with other countries, my conclusion is that rearmament was an overwhelming force in the Nazi’s economic policy.