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 3.1.4 Forest and Vegetation:Badin has got two government controlled/irrigatedplantations at Buharki and Rari. The Buharki covers an area of just over 7000ha and Rari almost 5000 ha[1].However the plantations are poorly stocked; around 500 ha of the total areahaven’t got any trees.

Large areas in the two coastal UCs of Ahmed Rajo andBhugra Memon lie completely bald and barren of any vegetation for salinity andwater logging. The main reasons for this state of affairs can be attributed tosea intrusion, scarcity of fresh water, rising temperature, and frequent floodsand cyclone that inundate and wash away whatever vegetation may have started togrow. The mesquite trees locally called Devi growth in the in the open forestshas also reduced for climatological reasons and poverty as people have cut thesetree to use them as fuel wood or to sell for livelihood. People in all villagesvisited as a part of field work for this study dearly regretted fastdisappearance of this tree in their areas.  The mangrove cover in the Indus delta was declaredas ‘protected forest’. However, reduction in fresh water flow from 150 MAF to10 MAF, reduction in associated silt from fresh water, and temperature inducedrise in sea level have mainly destroyed the mangrove forest in Badin and Thattacoastline.

The lack of mangrove forest in the deltaic areas of Badin had notonly increased vulnerability to sea intrusion but has also negatively impactedthe marine life planktons, fish, prawns and crabs. LeftBank Outfall Drainage (LBOD)The LBOD though doesn’t emerge as CC concerns yetfor the livelihood and ecosystem of Badin its effect has been catastrophic. Asmentioned earlier, LBOD project was aimed at draining effluent water to seawithout affecting the people and agriculture land in Badin. But the eventslater demonstrated that the district has adversely affected. It’s important tonote that prior to the construction of LBOD there were no problems as drainagewater used to accumulate in natural lakes. The Choleri Weir, which was a part of the tidallink, collapsed soon after its completion in July 1997. Earlier the naturaldirection of the surface water flow of the lower Indus plain was from north tosouth leading to the Rann of Kuchh.

However, the tidal link connecting thespinal drain was aligned in the south-westward direction leading to the SamandoCreek in the Arabian Sea. The tidal link was an open channel and at times ofhigh tide the sea water intruded into vast areas of the Badin. The northern embankment of the tidal link was alsoexposed to the south-westerly winds which generated waves that endangeredstability of the embankment. In the absence of any protective measures, theembankment had already given way to erosive action of waves and the water hadinundated the area that was previously protected by the embankment. [1] Baseline Survey ofCoastal Areas of Badin and Thatta, Sindh Coastal Development Authority, Gov’tof Sindh 2012

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