Sociocultural determinants such as family, peers, media, religion and culture can have had  an impact on the health inequities of aboriginals due to the more likely exposure to violence, tobacco use and the growing rate of overweight aboriginals. The exposure to violence for aboriginal and torres strait islander population is twice the rate of other Australians and more likely to occur in remote areas with over 40% of aboriginals living in remote areas to have had exposure to family violence and Assault. The 2014–15 Social Survey provides the latest data on Indigenous smoking rates. In 2014–15, 42% of Indigenous Australians aged 15 years and over reported being a current smoker (39% smoked daily and 3% less than daily). Indigenous Australians were 2.7 times as likely to be a current smoker as non-Indigenous Australians (age-standardised). The rate of current smokers among Indigenous adults (18 years and over) was 45% in 2014–15. (QUOTED from the ABORIGINAL AND TORRES STRAIT ISLANDER HEALTH PERFORMANCE FRAMEWORK 2017 REPORT)Obesity in aboriginal and torres strait islander people is being blamed for the 1 to 3 year life expectancy gap in the Northern territory. Socioeconomic determinants such as employment, education and income can impact on the health inequities of Aboriginal and torres strait islander because lack of employment can affect an individuals health in two ways first it reduces people’s ability to buy health products and second it can have strong psychological and social impacts. ATSI labour force participation rate is 20.5 percent lower than the non-indigenous rate. Education has an impact on the health due to the fact poorer education and literacy arelinked to poor health status, and affect the capacity of people to use health information and statistic show that 49.9 percent of non-Indigenous Australians had no non-school qualification compared with 71 percent of Indigenous Australians.Environmental determinant such as geographical location, Access to health service and Access to technology have a major impact on the health inequities of ATSI people. Atsi people living outside metropolitan regions vary in their ability to access health care services and information and less likely to access an education and more likely to experience exposure to violence. Lack of access to appropriate health services is another problem. Poor public health measures have negative effects on Indigenous health. Historically, the Aboriginal experience of dispossession and marginalisation has contributed significantly to their continued economic disadvantage and poor health status.


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