- Who is recognized as the first as the first speculative philosopher? The first adult male that reflected was regarded as the first bad philosopher.
- What is the decease day of the month of Socrates? Socrates Died in the twelvemonth 399 B. C
- Who were relativists and the paid instructors of rhetoric?
The Sophists were the first paid instructors of rhetoric. The relativists are those who believed that the standards of judgement are non absolute but comparative to those who believe in them.
- What is the regulation harmonizing to which all things are accomplished and the jurisprudence which is found in all things? Good. being the highest integrity.
- What word describes how peculiar ( reasonable ) things relate to their Forms? Symbolism
- What is the Grecian word significance `having its terminal within itself` ? ‘entelecheia’
- What is the general term for any doctrine that says pleasance is good and hurting is evil? Hedonism
- What is the name for this statement for the being of God that first occurs in Anselms ( of Canterbury? Proslogion?
- What is the cause of agony ( dissatisfaction ) to the Buddha? ( Ignorance )
‘All agony is caused by ignorance of the nature of world and the craving. fond regard. and hold oning that consequence from such ignorance. ’
- Who began as Benedictine and ended as a Dominican?
St. Catherine of Siena
DEFINE/IDENTIFY THESE TERMS:
1 ) Critical thought. A system of idea characterised by careful rating and judgement. Critical thought tends to happen the concealed significances. and the deductions of a peculiar construct or topic. It is a deep province of concluding that tends to convey out sound judgement. Critical thought is non merely about happening defects and mistake. although this is what critical thought tends to accomplish at the terminal of the twenty-four hours.
The procedure of using the power of the head to do influences. do determinations or arrive at a solution or judgements.
2 ) Wisdom: wisdom is acclaimed as the ability to use cognition. experience. apprehension. or even common sense with penetration. It is besides the ability to use cognition or experience it can besides be defined as accrued cognition. Prudence in the direction and application of any information or cognition can besides be described as wisdom. It is the characteristic of being far-sighted and perspicacious. The province of being wise. It is the ability of doing a sound judgement based on the array of information available at one’s disposal.
3 ) Belief any cognitive content held as true. It can besides be described as an thought into which a degree of trust and assurance is placed. It can besides intend a set of information held as true and into which a batch of fear and regard is invested.
4 ) Ethnocentrism: is the generalized belief that one’s ain cultural group belief in the high quality of one’s ain cultural group. This construct lends acceptance to people’s shared belief and values in the face of other beliefs shared by people of other cultural backgrounds.
Ethnocentrism contributes to the unity of civilization because it affirms people’s shared beliefs and values in the face of other. frequently contradictory. beliefs and values held by people of other cultural backgrounds
5 ) Moral relativism: – the construct that moral values depend on specific state of affairss.
This construct is of the position that ethical moral relativism is the place that moral or ethical Acts of the Apostless do non needfully reflect the universally recognized moral truths. Rather. it makes claims that depend on different fortunes e. g. cultural. historical or personal state of affairss. These moralists claim that there is no universally acceptable criterion for accessing ethical proposition’s truth.
6 ) The Divided Line –
The construct of the divided line was explained by Socrates. Socrates attempted to explicate the nature of doctrine through the image of the Divided line. He used two kingdoms. the apprehensible and the seeable. He used a line to split the two kingdoms. so that the two kingdoms were separated from each other. he divided the two kingdoms into two parts. The four divisions represent go uping causality. lucidity. integrity and eternality.
The thought was to seek to explicate the intelligibility of the things of the seeable universe. The philosopher ruthlessly pursues Good. He seeks to understand it as the highest integrity operating in. and behind all things.
7 ) Sophrosyne – Is a Grecian word. Its literary significance is ‘moral sanity’ . This ideal was upheld by the Greeks. It means prudence and moderateness. However. it possesses a more complex intending its significance can non be wholly comprehended in English. However. the construct can be substituted with two other phrases. ‘Nothing in Excess’ and ‘knowing thyself’ .
In modern Christian divinity. the word means ‘purity’ . ‘integrity’ and ‘virginity’ .
8 ) Stoicism:
Stoicism is a school of doctrine. It was founded in the ancient Greece. The stoic doctrine was developed from the Cynics. Stoicism was the most influential doctrine in the Roman Empire during the period predating Christianity. The school is opposed to Epicureanism in its positions of life. The Stoics emphasised moralss as the chief field of cognition. Besides. the Stoics contributed to the development of logic and natural scientific disciplines to back up their ethical philosophies. The rule proclaimed by earlier faultfinders was the foundation of the Stoic moralss. Stoicism is broad-based. Stoics were at the head of recommending for the brotherhood of humanity and the natural equality of all human existences.
9 ) Valuess: values can be described as qualities that can be considered worthy of emulation and that are desirable. It can besides be described as the beliefs of a individual or a group of people which have a kind of emotional bond. They have a common end. either in favor of. or against something.
10 ) Scholasticism: Scholasticism is a theological and philosophic motion. This school of idea was dominant in mediaeval Europe. It was based on Aristotle and the Fathers of the Church. The motion attempted to understand the supernatural capacity of the Christian disclosure utilizing natural human ground. The motion attempted to integrate both the natural wisdom of Greece and Rome and the spiritual wisdom of Christianity. These pedants believed that disclosure was a direct instruction from God and it possessed a high grade of truth and has a higher high quality than natural ground.
Among noteworthy scholastic philosophers were Anselm – the Gallic philosopher. Peter Abelard and St. Bonaventure.