This is an investigation I am carrying out of a study of Pirbright to answer a series of questions, which are all related to “Is Pirbright A Suburbanised Village?”Pirbright is a village in Surrey and is located 40km away from London. In this coursework I will be visiting Pirbright in person to find evidence to help me answer the question “Is Pirbright A Suburbanised Question?” I am going to collect my primary data by interviewing people and using land maps. I will also look at the structure, environment and facilities of Pirbright.I will ask a whole range of questions to people about their life in Pirbright to gather as much information as possible. I will also be taking notes on anything relevant to my investigation.I am also going to collect some secondary data in the form of books, leaflets and maps.
This will provide extra information, which I will need.Background InformationTheoretical BackgroundThe modern village is different to the ‘old’ villages. Many villages have taken the suburbanised route. This is because of the move of many people from cities into villages. The reason being for many people to leave the city life to come to the villages are because in villages you can get big houses, there is less crime, it is more quieter and it is less polluted than cities. Usually it is the wealthy people to move into villages because they can afford the cost of the big houses and also afford to travel back to the city for their job.Geographical BackgroundA city has shopping centres, offices, noise, high crime rate, small expensive flats and entertainment whereas the suburbs are the complete opposite.
In a city you will find that houses are quite compact and squashed together with little space left. This is because in a city there are so many people to accommodate (e.g.
business people who want to live nearer to the place they work). However, if you compare this to a suburbanised village, you will find the suburbanised village is quite spread out in terms of its land use. The houses aren’t close together and their gardens are a lot bigger. In addition, suburbanised villages tend to have many open spaces such as parks, fields and so on.
In suburbanised villages people are employed mostly in tertiary jobs in nearby towns. They commute to work by car or train. They do most of their shopping in the C.
B.D or out of town superstores, so a suburbanised village won’t have many high order shops only local low order newsagents.One thing that I have noticed when I have been doing my research is that suburbanised villages don’t seem to have many main roads. This makes the village seem somewhat “inaccessible” to the open public. This also creates a problem for public transport (mainly buses); because there are not many roads there won’t be a regular service from the public transport because the new comers are wealthy and have their own cars.Collecting The DataPrimary DataPrimary data is data that is collected by the person who is carrying out the investigation. Primary data can be things such as photos, sketches, questionnaires, notes and so on.
The sort of data I will need to collect is:- Land use data- Questionnaire data- Services survey- Environmental impact data- Notes- Photos- SketchesSecondary DataSecondary data is data that has been collected by other people, not involved in the investigation. Secondary data can be very reliable. We can get secondary data from sources such as the internet and books.
The sort of data I will need to collect is:- Maps of villages- Census data (house prices in the village, population, housing type etc) over time.Analysing The Map Use Map Of Pirbright VillageThe map shown is a map of Pirbright. It is a land use map, which shows the different types of houses and facilities in Pirbright. The map shows that there tend to be more residential 1900-1940 houses and post war houses to the north of the village and the new houses on the outskirts of the village. From the map I can see there is a Volvo Garage in the village, meaning there are wealthy residents living in Pirbright. The map shows that Pirbright has many more facilities than the usual village such as post office, shops, pubs, school, church and surgery meaning this evidence makes Pirbright a suburbanised village.
From the map I can also see that people who are fairly wealthy move into the village and build their houses on the outskirts of Pirbright rather than the centre of the village.Services SurveyShops: Little corner shops, butcher shop, Volvo garage.Transport: Buses (Monday – Saturday)Church Services: Sundays – 8:00am Holy Communion, 10:15am Family Services, 6:30pm EvensongWeekdays – 8:00am Holy Communion, 6:30 EvensongSocial Events: Garden party, summer lunch.Library: MobileDoctors/Dentist: Two doctorsOther Information:Post Office -MondayTuesday 9:00am – 1:00pmWednesdayThursday 2:15pm – 5:30pmFridayTwo primary schoolsPub with restaurantServices SurveyFrom these results of my Services Survey I could say that Pirbright is a suburbanised village because a village does not have a mobile library and a Volvo garage. The evidence shows that technology has been developed showing there are many wealthy residents in Pirbright. If Pirbright weren’t a suburbanised village there would be less facilities.
Questionnaire DataWhen I was in the village I got a few people to fill in my questionnaire to get some more information about their lives in Pirbright. We did not get to interview many people because of the facts that we had to leave early because of the bad weather and many people were at work.From my questionnaire data I can see that people who live in Pirbright like living there but tend to get the food from outside the village. Though they said that the quality of healthcare is much better and more efficient in the village than it is in the city.This evidence proves that Pirbright is a suburbanised village because people use their cars to travel to work and buy their food outside the village, showing that they are fairly wealthy, however they still use things, which are in a normal village such as the local newsagents etc.Analysing The Secondary Data Map Of Pirbright VillageThese three maps are useful because they contain secondary information, which will help us answer the question “Is Pirbright A Suburbanised Village?” The data was collected by the ordinance survey, a government organisation that means we can rely on it for being accurate.We would expect Pirbright as shown on the map (big farm land with few houses and few facilities).
If Pirbright became a suburbanised village we would expect the recent map to show more houses, which would be for the new people moving into the village.The 1871 map shows us that there were fewer houses, a pub, a church and a school for boys and girls. Back then there were lots more open spaces.
The more recent map shows us that there are now a lot more facilities and houses. When we look at the map we can see that there was an increase in schools, nurseries, telephone booths.We can see that the similarities are the school, the pub, the church and the pond. The differences between the three maps shown are the large open spaces on the 1871 map. The nurseries, a post office, telephone boots and parks are shown on the modern map.When we look at all the evidence so far we can see that Pirbright is a suburbanised village. This is because of the increase in housing, meaning the increase in population, so we know there are many more people who have moved into Pirbright and built more houses.
Pirbright is ideal for older people and people who are retired from work. The facilitates they have also increased because the population has increased therefore they need facilities like post office, a pub, public transports and many others.How People Travel To WorkThe graph shown, provides information about how people in Pirbright travel to work. This graph is ideal to support the fact that Pirbright is a suburbanised village. This is because they use a car to go to work, shopping and they can afford to look after cars. We can also see that the public uses a rail service.The residents use a bus to travel to the next village also. If Pirbright is not a suburbanised village then the graph would have shown fewer people who travel by car and very few people who use the rail service.
Housing Tenure In Pirbright VillageThe graph shows us that there are many houses that have been owned by an individual person and some people have rented houses from estate agents, meaning there are many wealthy residents who can afford this.The graph shows us that many houses have been built therefore the population obviously increased in proportion. Using this evidence we can again say that Pirbright is a suburbanised village, because the population has increased and there are many wealthy residents.Housing Type In PirbrightThe graph shown, tells us that there are many detached houses, which are built in Pirbright meaning the houses, are bigger with larger land. Most people don’t like living in cities because it is too crowded, however you get a supply of water, gas and electricity. In the village you get more land which is beautiful meaning better quality life because people are peaceful and happy.
We can see from this evidence that many people move to the village but they work in the city therefore it proves that Pirbright is suburbanised. Because if a village is nearer to the city, people can go to work from the village, and in the village.Age Structure Of Pirbright VillageThe graph shows there are many people living in Pirbright between the ages of 30-44 and 44+ and that there are very few young people in Pirbright.
This is mainly because many teenagers want to live in the city. The reason being for mostly 30-44 age group living in Pirbright is that most of these people have their own family, so they want to be able to provide for their family, including buying food and clothes for them. They want to live in the village near the city because it is beautiful, calm and they offer big houses with lots of land.The village gives better quality life because it is peaceful, lots of land to play on.
Cities have high pollution, little space and high population.ConclusionI say that Pirbright is a suburbanised village. This is because I have seen my primary data and secondary data and also I have looked at each piece very closely to help make up my mind.In my primary data I saw that there are many facilities in Pirbright. I also found that there are new houses built on the outskirts of the village but the old houses are in the centre of the village. This shows us that there are many people moving into Pirbright. From my questionnaire data I discovered that most of the people in Pirbright work outside the village and do their shopping outside the village. This basically means many people live in Pirbright and work outside the village.
In my secondary data I saw that there are many people who own their own houses and cars. This means that these residents are fairly wealthy and have enough money to support their wants and needs. They use cars to go to work and do their shopping. The two maps that show the old and modern Pirbright show that the housing in Pirbright has increased therefore the population must have increased in addition. The census data tells us that there are many people between the ages of 30-44 who are living in Pirbright. The reason that teenagers don’t tend live in villages is because villages don’t have the needs and facilities such as cinemas etc. Many people who are living in Pirbright are of the age between 30-44 and have their own families to cater for so they want a big house with lots of land, like Pirbright.
When the village residents get older, the village will still be good to them because it is a quiet, no polluted place with many parks where they can carry out their hobbies and games such as cricket and golf. This is the evidence I obtained to help me answer the question is Pirbright a suburbanised village? I have concluded that the answer to this question is yes because in my opinion Pirbright is more developed than normal villages. So it has become a suburbanised village and a suburb.EvaluationThe reason why I travelled to Pirbright was because I wanted to investigate the different types of housing and facilities in Pirbright to obtain evidence to help me support my answer to the question, is Pirbright a suburbanised village? I collected my primary data in the forms of a land use map, questionnaires and sketches. I collected my secondary data in the forms of the three maps.I tried to collect as much data as possible in the time spent there, however I did not have time to go around the village looking at houses one by one for filling out my land use map.
The reason I did not have enough time was because of the poor weather that caused us to leave early. If I had another chance to visit Pirbright again I would make sure that I made enough time for myself to go around the whole village looking at everything in as much detail as possible.I also wanted to get some more detail about the village in the form of secondary data because I know that the secondary data would be more accurate than my primary data. I wanted know about the prices of houses and the quality of food in the village.
If I went again I would make enough time to collect more information to help me prove whether Pirbright is a suburbanised village or not.