Polystyrene Facts Sample Essay

Overview General Information Polystyrene Fast Facts Did You Know… Polystyrene: A Look Inside What keeps your custodies cool and your java hot? What helps maintain nutrient fresher longer? What is lightweight yet strong?

Overview
Polystyrene is found in your place. office. local food market and in the cafeteria. It comes in many forms and signifiers. from foam egg cartons and meat trays. to soup bowls and salad boxes. from java cups and utensils to CD “jewel boxes. ” and from green goods trays to “peanuts” used in wadding and the lightweight froth pieces that cushion new contraptions and electronics.

Polystyrene Gets the Job Done!
• • • • • It guards against leaking and keeps its form when keeping your take-out repast. It keeps hot nutrient hot and cold nutrient cold. while you hold the bundle in comfort. It cradles your fruit. veggies. eggs and meat to maintain them fresh and integral. It is an first-class low-cost and healthful pick for nutrient service packaging. It protects valuable cargos without adding important weight.

Nothing else offers the combination of strength. elation and lastingness to protect valuable objects from crystal to computing machines. from forenoon java to salad at tiffin. from your kids to you!

Sanitary
Trials have shown that disposable nutrient service ware ( such as polystyrene cups. home bases and utensils ) is more healthful than reclaimable service ware. ( 1 ) Health functionaries. who regulate nutrient service operations in schools. infirmaries and eating houses. acknowledge this of import merchandise benefit. In fact. national environmental wellness functionaries passed a declaration saying that curtailing the usage of disposable cups. home bases and containers would hold a potentially inauspicious impact on disease bar. ( 2 )

Sturdy

Polystyrene protects against wet and maintains its strength and form even after long periods of clip. Containers and palpebras near tightly. guarding against leaks while keeping an ideal temperature. Additionally. polystyrene froth egg cartons and meat trays perform highly good in automated processing equipment. Polystyrene packaging offers exceeding protection. Its form can be molded ( custom tantrum ) to parts and merchandises. maximising its first-class padding features.

Efficient
Merely approximately five per centum of a foam bundle is polystyrene. the remainder is air! Polystyrene provides the superior insulating quality that helps keep nutrient at the optimum feeding or imbibing temperature longer than many options. This helps to guard against waste. Polystyrene maintains hot nutrient at temperatures required by many wellness sections. yet remains comfy to keep.

Economic
Polystyrene nutrient service merchandises are by and large more economical to utilize than disposable poster board merchandises and reclaimable nutrient service points. The sweeping monetary value of polystyrene disposable nutrient service merchandises is frequently about two to three times less than an tantamount disposable paper container. and four to five times less than a comparable reclaimable nutrient service point when the costs of equipment. labour. H2O. electricity. and detergent costs are included. This allows schools. infirmaries and other establishments to do better usage of their limited budgets. Its light weight helps cut down transportation costs. Its buffering ability reduces breakage. ensuing in fewer damaged goods.

Convenient
Today’s busy life styles require the convenience of low-cost and speedy take-out repasts. Polystyrene boxing meets the demands of today’s modern life styles by offering an economical and high quality nutrient service merchandise

Fast Fact # 1
Polystyrene may be best known for its foam java cups. but most polystyrene is used to do stiff lasting merchandises. such as telecasting and computing machine cabinets. contraptions. playthings. compact disc “jewel cases” and audiocassette instances.

Fast Fact # 2
All polystyrene packaging comprises merely a bantam fraction of the stuff that goes into our landfills. In fact. less than one per centum by weight of the entire municipal solid waste disposed is polystyrene. Paper and paperboard merchandises make up the largest class of stuff ( about 31 per centum ) disposed in our landfills. ( 4 )

Fast Fact # 3
No CFCs ( CFCs ) are used in the industry of any polystyrene froth packaging merchandises in the United States and have non been since 1990. In fact. most polystyrene froth merchandises ne’er were made with Chlorofluorocarbons. Those few that did utilize Chlorofluorocarbons comprised a really little part of U. S. CFC usage. By 1990. those few polystyrene makers that did utilize them had announced the voluntary phase-out of Chlorofluorocarbons. ( 9 )

Fast Fact # 4
The thermic insulating ability of polystyrene froth contributes to the success of plans such as “Meals on Wheels. ” which serve 1000000s of senior Americans.

Fast Fact # 5
Very small of the waste discarded in today’s modern. extremely engineered landfills biodegrades. Because debasement of stuffs creates potentially harmful liquid and gaseous byproducts that could pollute groundwater and air. today’s landfills are designed to minimise contact with air and H2O required for debasement. thereby practically extinguishing the debasement of waste. ( 5 )

Fast Fact # 6
The industry of all polystyrene. to do both lasting and packaging merchandises. uses a fraction of one per centum of the nation’s natural gas and crude oil. ( 6 )

…polystyrene packaging comes in two signifiers: froth and solid? The most recognizable signifiers of polystyrene packaging are expanded and extruded froths ( sometimes falsely called Styrofoam® . a Dow Chemical Co. trademarked signifier of polystyrene froth insularity ) . Foamed polystyrene is used to do cups. bowls. home bases. trays. clamshell containers. meat trays and egg cartons every bit good as protective packaging for transporting electronics and other delicate points. Solid polystyrene is used in merchandises such as cutter. yoghurt and bungalow cheese containers. cups. clear salad saloon containers and picture and audiocassette lodgings.

…many concerns and establishments depend on polystyrene packaging? Schools. infirmaries. nursing places. supermarkets. eating houses and athleticss bowls are among the many establishments and concerns that rely on polystyrene packaging. Its hardy building and healthful design provide first-class insularity at an economical cost. Grocery shops use polystyrene in virtually all meat and domestic fowl trays. In add-on. polystyrene packaging can be found in egg cartons and a assortment of green goods bundles. such as apple trays. mushroom boulder claies. tomato containers. and strawberry and grape crates.

…polystyrene makes exceeding protective packaging?

Polystyrene protective packaging comes in two primary signifiers loose fill “peanuts” and form molded packaging. Loose fill “peanuts” allow diversely shaped points. such as office supplies or cosmetics. to be shipped in the same box. Shape molded boxing tantrums snugly around delicate merchandises like computing machines. telecasting sets. stereo equipment and contraptions to protect them during transportation. Both form casting and loose fill are lighter in weight than other protective packaging. salvaging energy and money during cargo. They besides resist wet and do non pull gnawers or insects. An added benefit. polystyrene protective packaging can be used over and over once more through reuse and recycling. ( 3 )

…Good for Families. Safe for the Environment
Wherever you live. wherever you work. chemicals are a critical portion of your life. They are a cardinal constituent in the merchandises you use to clean your tegument. in the edifice stuffs you use for the building of your place and in the packaging merchandises you use for your nutrient. For illustration. did you cognize the shampoo we use to do our hair experience so clean contains hydroxypropyl methylcellulose – and the “natural” barley and wheat cereal that makes us experience so healthy is made with thiamin mononitrate? With these wordy footings in head. it is non difficult to understand why people get confused when polystyrene makers attempt to explicate the nature of their merchandises. This fact sheet. published by the Polystyrene Packaging Council and its members. presents the facts about polystyrene. This information should assist you derive a deeper apprehension of why polystyrene is the best pick for nutrient service packaging.

What is Inside?
Styrene. a crude oil byproduct. is the primary natural stuff from which polystyrene is made. Styrene. first commercially produced in the 1930s. played an of import function during World War II in the production of man-made gum elastic. After the war. much of the usage of cinnamene shifted to the industry of commercial polystyrene merchandises. Man-made cinnamene is besides used in the industry of merchandises such as car parts. electronic constituents. boats. recreational vehicles. and man-made gum elastics. Today. you or a member of your household will likely utilize a merchandise derived from cinnamene. Modern adult male has known about cinnamene for centuries. A of course happening substance. cinnamene is present in many nutrients and drinks. including wheat. beef. strawberries. peanuts and java beans.

Besides found in the spice cinnamon. its chemical construction is similar to cinnamic aldehyde. the chemical constituent that elicits cinnamon’s spirit. It is of course present to season nutrients. and is used as a seasoning linear to such nutrient as adust goods. frozen dairy merchandises. soft confect. and gelatins and puddings. with permission from the U. S. Food and Drug Administration ( FDA ) . ( 7 ) The Polystyrene Packaging Council works closely with the Styrene Information and Research Center ( SIRC ) . whose mission is to roll up. develop. analyze and pass on pertinent information on cinnamene. Since 1987. SIRC has undertaken a comprehensive research plan to heighten apprehension of styrene’s possible to impact human wellness and the environment.

Polystyrene meets rigorous U. S. FDA criterions for usage in nutrient contact packaging and is safe for consumers. Health organisations encourage the usage of single-use nutrient service merchandises. including polystyrene. because they provide increased nutrient safety. ( 8 ) All packaging ( glass. aluminium. paper. and fictile – including polystyrene ) contains substances that can “migrate. ” or transportation. to nutrients or drinks. The FDA regulates residuary degrees of these constituents in nutrient packaging to guarantee that packaging is safe to utilize.

What is Not Inside?
Polystyrene froth merchandises are 95 percent air and merely five percent polystyrene. When polystyrene froth packaging is produced. a blowing agent is used in the procedure. Most polystyrene froth merchandises ne’er were made utilizing CFCs ( CFCs ) as a blowing agent. The few polystyrene merchandises that were made with Chlorofluorocarbons comprised a really little part of the nation’s CFC usage. Harmonizing to the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA ) . merely two to three per centum of Chlorofluorocarbons used in the United States in the 1980s went toward production of polystyrene packaging merchandises. At the head of U. S. industry. polystyrene makers exceeded authorities ends and timetables during the phaseout period of Chlorofluorocarbons in the late eightiess. ( 9 ) Polystyrene froth merchandises are now manufactured chiefly utilizing two types of blowing agents: Pentane and Carbon Dioxide.

Pentane gas has no consequence on the upper ozone bed. although. if non recovered. it can lend to low-level smog formation. Therefore. makers use state-of-the-art engineering to capture pentane emanations. With ever-evolving engineering. some makers use C dioxide ( CO2 or other hydrocarbons in some instances ) as an enlargement agent for polystyrene froth. CO2 is non-toxic. nonflammable. does non lend to low-level smog. and has no stratospheric ozone depletion potency. In add-on. the C dioxide used for this engineering is recovered from bing commercial and natural beginnings. As a consequence. the usage of this blowing agent engineering does non increase the degrees of CO2 in the ambiance.

Beginnings:
( 1 ) “Disposables versus Reusables: A Study of Comparative Sanitary Quality. ” Dairy Food and Sanitation. Jan. 1985 ; “Utensil Sanitation: A Microbiological Study of Disposables and Reusables. ” Charles W. Felix. et Al. Sept. /Oct. 1990. ( 2 ) “Single Service and Solid Waste” Resolution. National Environmental Health Assn. Board of Directors. June 1991. ( 3 ) “Waste Management and Reduction Trends in the Polystyrene Industry. 1974-1997. ” Franklin Associates. Aug. 1999. ( 4 ) “Municipal Solid Waste in the United States 1999 Facts and Figures. ” prepared for the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency by Franklin Associates Ltd. . July 2001. ( 5 ) “Rubbish! The Archeology of Garbage. ” William Rathje and Cullen Murphy. 1989.

( 6 ) “Petroleum Supply Annual — 1997. ” U. S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. June 1998 and “Annual Energy Review — 1997. ” U. S. Department of Energy. Energy Information Administration. July 1998. ( 7 ) See: FDA’s Food Additive Regulation at 21 CFR 172. 515 ( 8 ) “Disposables versus Reusables: A Study of Comparative Sanitary Quality. ” Dairy Food and Sanitation. Jan. 1985. ( 9 ) “Statement of Support for The Foodservice Packaging Institute’s Fully Halogenated Chlorofluorocarbon Voluntary Phaseout Program. ” Natural Resources Defense Council/Environmental Defense Fund/Friends of the Earth. April 1988.

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