The Pop Art Movement was one of the biggest visual art movements of the 20th century. Therefore it is extremely significant. Pop Art is simply an abbreviation for popular art work. Numerous artists such as such as Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist and Claes Oldenburg started this phenomenal movement form the 1950’s and onwards. It came at a time after a two decade period where abstract art was extremely popular.
Pop Art is the movement in art when artists began to create art with the subject of things that are the iconic in nature such as famous people, advertising, and movies (things that were popular at the time. In London, in 1952, a group of artists calling themselves the Independent Group began meeting regularly to discuss topics such as mass culture’s place in fine art. This was the beginning of a huge movement in art history. By 1960 the artists mentioned above emerged. It was a fun, new, exciting way of art which was extremely “popular”. 2/ Pop art was the art of pop culture. The pop art culture is the culture of popular music, popular movies, TV, comic books and advertisement popular art and even popular books. Pop culture is the culture that modern day people live in, it is what is popular at the current time.
People like to keep up with the latest trends and pop art was the latest fashion during the time of the 1960’s, people would love to buy and examine the newest pop art paintings. Pop art is influenced by mass culture. 3/ The three artists I have selected are Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein and Jasper Johns. Andy Warhol mainly worked with advertising, comics, newspapers, TV and the movies. His first art gallery opened in 1962 when the Ferus Gallery in Los Angeles showed his 32 Campbell’s Soup Cans, 1961-62 (read further below to examin this art work).
His best art work was made during 62-68 when he was almost murdered and shot. He never fully recovered from this incident. He once said “When you think about it, department stores are kind of like museums”. I take this quote to mean, anything can be made into art. In the sixties Warhol started painting daily objects of mass production like Campbell Soup cans and Coke bottles. After which he became extremely famous. From 1962 onwards he started making silkscreen prints of famous personalities like Marilyn Monroe (see below) or Elizabeth Taylor.
The Marilyn Diptych, along with his other famous Marilyn paintings, is based on a 1953 publicity photograph for the film ‘Niagara’. He produced this amazing piece of art just a couple of weeks after her death. He was genuinely amazed by her. He wanted to show her to the world in his own unique way. It contains fifty images of the actress, which are all based on a single publicity photograph from the film Niagara. The twenty-five pictures on the left side of the diptych are brightly colored, while the twenty-five on the right are in black and white, and also blurred or faded.
It can be found in Tate, Liverpool. It was a very significant piece of art at the time. Roy Lichtenstein developed the comic strip. His style was always the same: black outlines, bold colors and tones rendered by Benday dots (a method of printing tones in comic books from the 1950’s and 60’s). He explored modern art styles exploration of modernist art styles: Cubism, Futurism, Art Deco, De Stijl, Surrealism and Abstract Expressionism. He made small adjustment to cartoon’s, newspaper advertising and mainly comic strips.
His work is very entertaining and humorous which makes it enjoyable by all. ‘Look Mickey’ (1961), a large scale cartoon image which “was done from a bubble gum wrapper”. It is not the exact copy just refined. The idea is to copy the design from the bubble gum wrapper and show it as an art piece in an artistic fashion. Look Mickey shows a scene adapted from the 1960 children’s book Donald Duck Lost and Found. It is simplified and even bolder which made it even more popular than the original piece.
Jasper Johns’ interest in art led him to New York in the early 1950s where he worked as a commercial artist. He is an American artist. He had a dream in 1954 to paint the American flag which turned out to be a very successful and popular piece of art work. He used common objects and made them into art. In selecting a subject, Johns looked for objects that “are seen and not looked at, not examined. ” He used the ancient technique of encaustic and blending pigment which he was very famous for doing so. He works mainly in painting and printmaking.
Early works were produced using simple objects such as flags, maps, targets, letters and numbers. Three flags, 1958 Each of the tiered flags is smaller in scale by about twenty-five percent from the one behind, and projects outward, directly contrary to standard pictorial perspective. He believes his flag is full of meaning and has many stories behind it. It is known as being an amazing piece of art work however when first painted he had many critics for its originality. He painted it after having a dream about the American flag. 4/Campbell’s soup cans
Artist: Andy Warhol Year: 1962 It is made up of of thirty-two canvases, each measuring 20 inches (510 mm) in height ? 16 inches (410 mm) in width and each consisting of a painting of a Campbell’s Soup can. It is one of the company cans that were sold. It was produced by a print making method. The idea was to copy the particular soup can logo and display it in his own artistic and unique format. While the logo is not original the idea is. The general idea of using the logo from the soup can and re presenting it an art work is very typical for pop art.
For more information on the artist Andy Warhol read above. 5/ The Pop Art Movement is an artistic movement of the 1960’s which was extremely popular. It displayed popular culture such as advertising, comic books and everyday objects. I believe it is a good pop art movement and is quite a humorous, enjoyable and energetic form of art. In the 1960’s people began to see life less seriously which is why this form of art was a success. In my view I don’t think it should be allowed to copyright logos and cartoons etc and use them for your own success. I enjoy looking at this particular type of art.