The number of refugees worldwide is increasing in an exponential manner. According to UNHCRin 2017 an unprecedented 65.6 million people around the world have been forced from home.Among them nearly 22.
5 million are refugees.i Among the top refugee holding countries Turkeyhosted the most refugees, at 2.9 million, followed by Pakistan, with 1.4 million, and Lebanon with1 million people. As displaced from home they face lots of problems regarding each and everyphase of their daily lives. The 1951 Refugee Convention states that refugees should enjoy accessto health services equivalent to that of the host population, while everyone has the right underinternational law to highest standards of physical and mental health.
ii But it is not maintainedproperly. Refugees are the most vulnerable group to face health and sanitation problems and sufferfrom many acute and chronic diseases. Chronic malnutrition makes the refugees more fragile andsusceptible to a variety of diseases. Most refugee camps do not have sufficient food to provide totheir populations. The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) recommendsthat each refugee receive more than 2,100 calories per day, but often camps fall short of thisstandard.iii Basic water and sanitation are not maintained during the travel of the refugees. So theysuffer from frequent diarrhea, cholera, worm infestations and so on. Because of lack of doctorspregnant women are not monitored and they give birth in an unhealthy condition as a result suffersfrom post pregnancy complications.
Proper vaccination of the newly born babies is also notadequate. There remains a large gap in the emergency management of injuries.France has a long tradition of offering asylum to foreign refugees, and the right of asylum hasconstitutional value under French law. One of the constitutions drafted during the Frenchrevolution, the Constitution of 1793, provided that France should “give asylum to foreigners whohave been banished from their homeland for the cause of liberty” and should “refuse to tyrants”.ivAccording to law, Refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection have similar rights to socialand personal benefits as French citizens do. France is accepting a large number of refugees fromLibya, Niger, Chad and many other countries and providing them humanitarian support which alsoinclude provision of proper health.
Resolution 71/1 of United Nations General Assembly states to fully protect the human rights of allrefugees and migrants, regardless of status; all are rights holders.v UNHCR, UN peacekeepersalong with many other international organizations are working and supporting the refugees theirbest. The 70th World Health Assembly has endorsed a resolution on ‘Promoting the health ofrefugees and migrants’. The delegate of France believes, it is a good initiative to ensure healthadequately and it also symbolizes a step towards responsibility sharing and solidarity between thecountries.
The delegate of France suggests some solutions that’ll not only solve the problems but also givethe refugees a long term assurance of living a better life. They are-1) Provision of healthy and scientifically sound shelter2) Establishment of emergency water supplies3) Establishment of proper sanitation methods4) Equitable access to vaccination according to European vaccines action plan 2015-20205) Provision of adequate number of doctors, health workers and border free doctors.6) Rationalizing PHC (Primary Health Care) services and emergency care7) Provision of mosquito repellant net8) Education on family planning and supply contraceptive elements9) Temporary room for healthy delivery of baby10) Prevention of sexual violenceReferences :i http://www.unhcr.org/figures-at-a-glance.htmlii http://www.unhcr.org/health.htmliii http://www.unhcr.org/health.htmliv https://www.loc.gov/law/help/refugee-law/france.phpvhttp://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/migration/generalassembly/docs/globalcompact/A_RES_71_1.pdf